Bathroom

How to properly wash the shower

How to properly wash the shower

The bathroom is an integral part of any apartment. Personal hygiene is a pleasant and useful thing, but after a certain time it is necessary to clean and clean, which is not only due to the need to restore order, but also to the observance of …

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How to make a bath mat

How to make a bath mat

To make a bath mat by your own hands is not so difficult, if you take advantage of interesting ideas and fantasize a little. For the manufacture of such a rug old things that dust in the closet, brought from the rest of the sea pebbles and even wine …

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How to fit the bathroom according to the size

How to fit the bathroom according to the size

Make the bathroom comfortable, functional and cozy under everyone's power. For a long time it was believed that the obligatory attributes of this room is a bath and a sink. Meanwhile, there are many options for equipment. In order to understand how …

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What is the design of a water ball valve

What is the design of a water ball valve

The modern valve market is replete with various locking devices. Currently the most common are spherical mechanisms. They are reliable and durable in operation. These locking devices can be used both in domestic conditions (plumbing mixers based on …

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How is bathing done?

How is bathing done?

Various materials can be used to finish the bath. One of their economical options is the staining with acrylic paints, the use of a special insert. The paint used as a material for restoration, allows not only to give the surface a new look, but also …

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How can i design a normal bathroom

How can i design a normal bathroom

If we talk about the design of the bathroom, we must not forget that the bathroom is a very personal and intimate place in the apartment, in it a person starts the day, ends there. And so it should fully reflect the nature of the owner, be special, …

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How can i close the pipes in the bathroom

How can i close the pipes in the bathroom

Quite often, the bathroom is very limited, so unclosed communications in such conditions look very unattractive. That is why many owners resort to the decision to decorate the pipes, but before that it is important to decide what method of work to …

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How to design a joint bath with a toilet

How to design a joint bath with a toilet

Disputes about whether it is good to have a bathroom, combined with a toilet, will always go. But, having made such combination of a bath with a toilet, it is possible to save enough money and a considerable quantity of time, to establish the simple …

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Where does the water in your tap come from?

Where does the water in your tap come from?

Probably,manypeoplearefamiliarwiththesituationwhen,tryingtoansweraseeminglysimplequestion,itbecomesclearthatitisratherdifficulttoformulateanexactanswerandtothoroughlyexplainsomeelementarynuancesofthematter.Thesameruleappliestoasimplequestion:wheredoesthetapwatercomefrom?Atfirstglance,thequestionisquitesimpleandevenchildish,butinfactitturnsoutthatnotmanycandescribeindetailtheentiretechnologicalprocessthatprecedesthemomentwhenthewateralreadycleanedandpreparedflowsoutofthetap.Often,thewaterinthetapcomesfromaconventionalreservoir,previouslycleared.Often,restingonponds,fewpeoplethinkthatthewaterinthetapcanbefromthissource,whereonholidaysitispossibletoescapefromwithyourfriends.Evenknowingaboutthis,fewpeoplewillcometomindtoquenchtheirthirstwiththiswater,dailyconsumedfromthetap,but,ofcourse,purified.Toanswerthequestion:wheredoesthewatercomefrom,itisworthwhiletotracetheentireprocessofitsmovement,startingfromsurfacewaters,suchasreservoirsandotherreservoirs,andendingwiththemomentwhenreadyforconsumption,thewaterisdirectedthroughpipelinestoresidentialhouses.WatertreatmentplantSo,firstthewatercomestothewatertreatmentplant,whereitpassesthetreatmenttoasuitabledrinkingstate.Thisprocessconsistsofseveralstages,duringeachofwhichwaterisdeprivedofacertaintypeofharmfulcontaminants.Atthewatertreatmentstation,thewaterispurifiedtoasuitabledrinkingstate.Attheinitialstage,waterismechanicallycleanedandcleanedofcoarsewaste,suchaslargeorganicmatter,sand,silt,etc.Then,byaddingchemicalreagentstothewaterthatbindanddepositmicroscopicimpurities,thewaterispurifiedagain.Forthepurificationofwater,sorptionmeansthatareabletoabsorbawiderangeofpollutants,includingheavymetalsandmanybacteria,arealsoactivelyused.Ion-exchangematerialsareusedforwatersoftening.Waterinthetapbeforeenteringtheconsumernecessarilypassesadeterministicprocessofdecontamination.Itshouldbeaddedthatthemethodsandlevelofcleaningproceduresdirectlydependonthetechnologicalcapabilitiesofthewatertreatmentplantandonthedegreeofcontaminationofincomingwater.Probably,manypeopleknowthesituationwhen,tastingthewaterinanewplace,thereisanewtasteandacompletelydifferentquality,differentfromthosetowhichtheyareaccustomed.Specifictasteandsmellofwaterarecharacteristicforeachseparateregion,cityandevendistrictsofonecity.Themainreasonforthisdifferenceisthesourceofsupplyofwaterresources,cleaningmethodsatwatertreatmentplantsandtheconditionofthepipesofthewaterdistributionsystem.TraditionalandmodernmethodsSchematicdiagramofwaterpurification.Ifweconsiderthetechnologyofwatertreatmentofdomesticstations,then,ofcourse,thisisnotaveryoptimisticsituation,sincetheintroductionofmoderntechnologies,asalways,doesnothaveenoughfunds,sothedisinfectionofwaterisstillcarriedoutthroughchlorination.Andabouthowbadlyaffectsthehealthofgettingintothebodyofthisreagent,everyoneknowsfromtheschool'sbench.Theunpleasantodorandspecifictasteofthewaterthathasgonethroughchlorinationisjust"flowers".Physicianshavelongknownalltheinsidiousconsequencesoftheconsumptionofchlorinatedwater,so,knowingwherethewatercomesfromandwhatunsafepathitpasses,doctorsrecommendthatyoustopusingtapwaterasadrinkingwater,andinextremecasesuseadditionalfiltersforcleaning.Ofcourse,inthemoredevelopedcountriestheprocessofdisinfectionofwaterlooksquitedifferent.There,moreeffectiveandharmlessmethodsareactivelyused,suchasultraviolettreatmentandozonation.AndinBelarus,waterisadditionallytreatedfordeferrizationbypreliminaryoxidationofiron-containingfragmentsandtheirfurtherneutralizationandfiltration.UndergroundtanksTheschemeofwaterdisinfectionwiththehelpofUV-filter.Recently,waterfromundergroundsourceshasbecomeincreasinglypopular,fromwherewateristakeninthetapforsomeregions.Themainandindisputableadvantageofgroundwateris,ofcourse,theabsenceinthemoforganicsandmicroorganisms,inexcesscontainedinsurfacewaters.Thisadvantageeliminatestheneedforchlorinationofwaterandmakesitseveralordersofsafetybecausethereisnochlorinecontent.Theonlydrawbackofgroundwateristheincreasedcontentofsaltsofhardness,minerals,heavymetalsandinorganicimpuritiesintheircomposition.Therefore,waterpurificationstationscarryouttheprocedureofwaterpurificationfromthesecompoundstotheexistingnormsofminimumpermissibleconcentrations(MPC).Afterthecompletionoftheentiretechnologicalprocessofpurificationinlaboratoryconditions,thewateristestedforthecontentofharmfulimpurities,whichmustcorrespondtotheirMPC(thatis,pollutantsareallowed,butinstrictlydefinedconcentrations).PumpingstationTheprincipleofoperationofastandardpumpingstation.Further,thepurifiedandpreparedforconsumptionwateristransferredtothepumpingstation.Fromhere,waterisdistributedthroughoutthecitywiththehelpofpowerfulpumps.Itflowsoverthebranchedwatersupplysystem,gettingintotheresidentialsector.Ofcourse,atthispointthewatercanagainbesubjectedtosecondarypollutionifthepipelinesystemhasnotchangedforyears.Tothewater,inadditiontotheexistingchlorine,rust,glandularbacteriaandothercompoundscanbeadded.Therefore,theonlywayoutinthissituationistoinstallahomewaterfilter.Thenitwillnotbesoimportantwhereandhowthewaterinthetapistaken,astherewillbeaguaranteethattheabsolutemajorityofharmfulimpuritieswillbeneutralizedbyqualitywatertreatmentdirectlyathome.Thus,havingbecomeacquaintedwiththesequenceofwaterflowthroughallstagesofacomplexwatertreatmentsystem,pumpingstationsandapipeline,itbecomesclearwherethetapwatercomesfromandwhatkindofthornypathithastoovercome. …

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