Laying tiles in the bathroom is quite a challenge for a beginner, but if you decide to do it yourself, additional tips will help. If it is important for you to do everything right, but there is not enough money to call a master, you can save considerably by making such a laying yourself.
Tiles are the best option for bathroom finishing, as it is shockproof and waterproof.
Before starting work, the first thing to do is measure the floor and wall area. If you are going to finish using a tile and a side wall in the bathroom, then you need to make a box, on which you will then attach the tile. Its area must also be measured. Then, by these measurements, you can calculate the necessary number of tiles that will be needed, as well as the amount of glue for styling.
Preparation for finishing
The walls can be leveled with plaster before laying the tiles.
In any room, laying tiles always starts from the walls, and only then the floor is made. To lay the tiles in the bathroom you need to prepare the surface of the base. All the walls must be checked using a level, the slightest skewing makes the laying substandard.
If there are so many defects on the wall that it is simply impossible to level them, it is best to use the plasterboard slabs. And if the bathroom room is very small, you can use leveling compounds, they are on sale quite a lot. If your bathroom already has an old tile, use a crowbar and a hammer to remove it all. Then make the wall perfectly smooth, without defects.
The second stage of laying tiles in the bathroom is priming. Since this is a room where there is a lot of moisture, the primer should be water resistant. With the help of a primer the tiles will hold much stronger and, importantly, the mold on the walls will not appear afterwards.
In the event that you have not yet selected a drawing for styling, you can see the options that designers offer, maybe something will be so enjoyed that this will be used.
There are many ways to start this laying: from the corner, the floor, the bathroom - you can choose any. With all the options for laying on the wall, you need to make a careful marking, which will correspond to the size of the tile. You can make marking with chalk, you can also use a bright marker, because it will hide behind the tiles anyway. By such marking it will be easier to work, you can constantly monitor yourself.
Walls in the bathroom must necessarily be treated with antiseptic.
Now a few words about the compositions on which the tiles are laid. If there is no experience, it is better to use mastic for walls. And for those who already have experience, glue mixes that are sold for tiles are perfect. If the wall in the bathroom is made of concrete, it is advisable to use a cement mixture for tiling. To apply this mixture to the wall, you need to use a special large spatula spatula. If there is no such a spatula, you can use the usual one, but it is more difficult to work with it.
Laying tiles begins with the fact that the very first row is laid out dry, that is, without mortar. This is done in order to determine the size of the extreme tile. If necessary, the tile should be pruned.
With a small area, it is always better to start marking from the middle of the room to its sides.
So you can avoid fitting extreme tiles, because very thin strips will be hard enough to cut off.
Places where sockets and switches are supposed to be outlined and left empty. After the work on laying the tiles are finished on all walls, you can take and for the floor.
Laying on the floor
Ways of laying ceramic tiles on the floor.
Before laying the tile on the floor, it must be prepared, as this will be the basis for laying. The surface of the floor should be made perfectly even and thoroughly dried. The technology of laying on the floor differs little from the technology of laying on the walls. You can make a concrete screed again, or you can apply an equalizing mixture. In any case, no matter how you level the ground, you must let the floor dry completely.
Next, you need to carefully chalk the whole surface with a chalk or marker, if you want, you can use special laser levels for control. Then it is necessary to lay out the dry first row of tiles. The main thing is to make sure that there are no narrow strips left from the edges. It's better to start from the middle, it's much easier.
Select the adhesive mixture according to the material of the substrate. To select it, you need to consider the material from which the tile itself is made, and whether there is a heater on the floor. There are universal flexible mixtures that are suitable for almost all types of base. And there are special mixtures, they are designed only for styling under certain factors. Any universal mixture is suitable if the floor is made of wood, of fiberboard or chipboard, if it is concrete or iron.
The solution is applied with a spatula with combs on the base. But do not immediately apply a solution for a number of rows, it can quickly grab, and you still do not have time to put the tile. It is best to apply the solution in parts. To make for one tile, then for another, and so from wall to wall. Then laying the tiles in the bathroom on the floor will pass quickly and efficiently. Then, when all the tiles on the floor are laid, you can proceed to the final stage.
Completion of work
Before the completion of the work on laying the tiles, you must wait until the adhesive mixture has completely dried. This process takes a day, sometimes more. Now you can start finishing - grouting joints. For this purpose there is a special putty, which has the effect of waterproofing. Special additives in it maximally provide this effect. There are more than 25 different shades of such putty, you can always choose either a tile color or a contrasting color for beauty.
If the seams between the tiles are small, then the putty should not contain sand. It is best to use such putty for walls. For the floor, on the contrary, it is required that the putty, which includes sand. It is good to add a small amount of latex milk to such a putty, then this will increase the service life of the putty on the seams. The tile will be more firmly connected with such putty, the waterproofing will get better.
To apply a ready-made cement mortar, you need to use a rubber smoothing brush, put it best at an angle. On each package of such putty there is a drying time, but they do not dry long. Be sure to wash all surpluses with a damp sponge or cloth. But the seams, which appeared between the tiles on the wall and the floor, must be filled with a special solution. It is sold in building materials stores in cylinders, which are equipped with a syringe. This solution will help to protect the tile from the fungus and mold, which appear with the ingress of moisture into such seams.
When all the work is finished, it is possible to make holes in the beautiful and renovated walls and hang the towel holders and other elements of the bathroom with a puncher. You can hang additional lights if you want. The work on laying the tiles in the bathroom is completed.
So, laying tiles is a process that you can handle even without much experience and skills in construction. To ensure that the bathroom has been trimmed correctly, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the technology, make competent calculations and treat with patience and attention to work. Then even repair in the new design style in the bathroom will be on your shoulder. The price of such work depends only on the choice of material, and not on the services of the master, since you will be the master yourself.