Sealing the tub is an important stage of repair. If water seeps into the walls and floor, this will promote the formation of harmful microorganisms and the penetration of moisture to neighbors, which can damage the finish of the ceiling and walls.
The scheme of waterproofing the walls and the floor of the bathroom.
Technology of grouting
If there are not too large, within 0.5 cm, grooves located along the perimeter of the bathtub, they can be removed by special trowel, designed for working with tiles, fugue. If desired, it is permissible to add color to the composition of the white mixture, the color of which will give a shade corresponding to the external characteristics of the facing material of the room. In the implementation, you can find a ready-to-paint colored fugue.
Scheme of sealing device seam.
In the bathroom space, it is recommended to use a special fugue, which is designed to work in pools and rooms with high humidity. In order to avoid changing the color of the composition under the influence of dirt and rust, it is recommended to make additional processing of joints with a special gloss.
The same technology should be used in the work on sealing the floor in the room, if the role of decorative coating is ceramic tile.
Use of sealant
The sealing of the bath can be carried out using a waterproof sealant made of silicone. This compound can be applied if the gap between the wall surface and the bath or the sink does not exceed 1.5 cm. Alternatively, a mixture based on silicone and acrylic, which is suitable for wet rooms, can be used. Such a composition can be purchased by choosing from an assortment represented by many existing colors.
If you prefer a tube as a packing, you can start the work immediately, whereas a special gun is still needed for the cartridge.
A scheme for sealing the junctions between the bathroom and the tile.
However, it will not entail very high costs, but it is much more convenient to use such a tool than a tube.
If you want to work with an acrylic bath, you should buy a special mixture for polymer bases.
Instructions for application require preliminary careful cleaning of the side of the bath from dirt and moisture. Next, it is good to dry and wall surfaces.
Then the joints to be treated must be degreased with a solvent. In order to ensure the application of a strip with even edges, it is necessary to determine the boundaries of the seam, pasting the paint tape, from which you then need to get rid of.
The sealing process must begin with the preparation of the container with the mixture by eliminating the tip of the nozzle from the tube. The diameter of the formed hole and the angle of cut will determine the parameters of the seam. If it is necessary to get a thin joint, then an acute angle should be made. Now you can proceed to the process of sealing the groove between the bathroom and the wall. The gun must be paired with the cartridge, whereas in the presence of tuba, no action is taken. Pressing on the tube or handle of the gun should be carried out smoothly and evenly, this will give a continuous and smooth seam along the entire length.
In this state, the seam should not be left, it must be distributed. To do this, the finger should be soaked in soapy water and the joint processed in this way.
Before laying the ceramic skirting, the slot must be blown with a mounting foam.
It is possible to seal the bath with sufficiently impressive grooves (about 3 cm) by means of a ceramic skirting made of tile. To implement this method, you can use one of the existing options, the first of which involves the purchase of ready-made ceramic elements acting as skirting. An excellent solution will be the use of friezes from the same tile set, which was taken as a basis for the arrangement of the finishing layer of walls.
There is another way, but it involves a considerable effort and is the independent manufacture of a plinth of tiles, which is at home.
In this case, before sealing the bath, it is necessary to determine whether the solution for laying the plinth can be kept in the joint. If the gap is sufficiently wide, then it must first be filled with construction foam. After the time, which is necessary for the foam to take its final dimensions, you can start laying the tiles. It is installed on a regular solution of cement and sand at an angle of 45 °. The same method can be used when removing joints between walls and floors.
The sealing of the bath with your own hands can be done with the help of plastic corners, which are used for the installation of PVC panels. Another option is plastic skirting boards with rubberized edges. Their installation can be performed on "liquid nails". This technology can be successfully used for wall lining and during subsequent repairs. The advantage of the method is the plasticity of the elements, which will compensate for the movement of the bath.
Corners are recommended to be installed over joints pre-treated with sealant. Even if the plastic moves away from the wall, the silicone will protect it from leaks.
The waterproofing of a steel or acrylic bath can be accompanied by the use of a special tape. You can choose one that fits a particular gap.
Despite the fact that the tape has a self-adhesive layer, it is possible to further strengthen it with a sealant or liquid nails. After the used compound is applied to the surface, the tape should be pressed firmly against the substrate. It is necessary to get rid of excess amount of adhesive immediately.
If you want to seal the seams in the bathroom, the floors in which are made of wood, you should apply a sealant, designed to work with this material. It has the ability to stretch, so it compensates for the movement of the coating. After applying this sealant to the wood, it does not lose the ability to breathe. You can choose a composition using a wide range of colors.
To carry out sealing work, it is necessary to prepare:
- silicone sealant;
- paint tape.
You can work by choosing the most suitable technology for yourself. This will depend on the existing skills of the master and the budget, which is supposed to be allocated for the implementation of the process.