To date, ceramic tiles are the most popular finishing material for rooms with a high level of humidity. In order to lay the tile yourself, it is sufficient to follow the basic instructions. Finishing the bath with tiles is a process that everyone can do, this saves the budget for repair work.
Bathroom tiling is a versatile design option.
The first thing to start with is the calculation of the area that will be removed. In order to know the area of the wall, it is necessary to measure the height and width of the room. Such calculations make it possible to purchase the required amount of material. Knowing the required quantity, it is recommended to purchase a little more (on average 5%), because When cutting a tile, some elements are damaged. When buying a bath tile, it is very important to check the quality of the material. All tiles should have the same shade, if this is provided by the series. Also worth paying attention to the thickness - it should be the same for each unit.
Finishing the bathroom involves the use of tools. The necessary include:
- tiles in the right amount;
- Special glue for tiles (its quantity can be calculated taking into account instructions on the package);
- To apply the adhesive solution a special spatula with teeth is used, the size of the teeth depends on the thickness of the glue;
- mixture for grouting joints between tiles;
- so that the seams are of the same size, plastic crosses are used;
- To cut out the required size of the tile, a tile cutter or an ordinary Bulgarian is used;
- to auxiliary items include roulette, building level and capacity for solution preparation.
Bathroom tiling is a dirty process, so if there is plumbing in the room, it is very important to cover it with a film, this will prevent contamination and various damages. Before laying the tile you need to check all the bases for strength.
Options for laying tiles in the bathroom.
Ceramic trimming material is heavy, so the surface must withstand a certain load. Tiles can be laid on a concrete base, on a plastered surface and even on plasterboard sheets. Regardless of the bases, the surface must be perfectly flat, otherwise any irregularities will be reflected on the finished result. Do not rely on the fact that irregularities can be eliminated by adjusting the thickness of the adhesive composition. The greater the thickness of the adhesive, the higher the probability of poor tile fixation.
If the finish is carried out in rooms with a high level of humidity, any surface must be treated with antiseptic means. This is important, since moisture can provoke the development of mold and fungus, which is rapidly developing and very hard to eliminate.
The bathroom is often quite small, so it is recommended to make a layout. This will allow to arrange the whole elements in a conspicuous place. The tile is laid from the bottom up, but the markings must be made from the top down. This is necessary in order for the whole tile to be placed under the ceiling. So the location will look harmonious.
When marking it is necessary to take into account the size of tiles and seams, on average it is 2-3 mm. For marking it is necessary to use a hydro level, a plumb line, a building level, with the help of these tools it is possible to make an accurate marking.
Tiles must be laid according to preliminary markings.
After the markup is completed, it is necessary to install a support on which the first row will be laid.
Such a support is installed under the second row, so the laying starts from the second row. As an op
Ores can be used metal profile or wooden bar. It is fixed to the base with dowels. After the tiles are laid, it is removed and in its place the first row of tiles is laid.
Finishing with tiles
To apply the solution, a notched trowel is used. The adhesive mixture should be evenly distributed over the surface of the tile. After that, it is applied to the wall and pressed slightly. In order to level the surface, you can use a rubber hammer. Thus, the rest of the tiles are stacked. Do not forget to install between them plastic crosses that will make all the seams of the same size. In each row, initially, only solid elements must be laid. After the whole wall is covered with tiles, you can fill the places where the tile needs to be cut. When cutting it, it is very important to be careful, because the ceramic is fragile and can be damaged.
The scheme of grouting sutures between tiles.
When the adhesive composition under the tile completely dries, you can remove the metal or wooden support. In its place, the first row of tiles is installed. Very often there is a need to cut the tile. But, in spite of this, short circumcised elements will be near the floor, so they will not attract attention.
After the tile is cut with a tile or a Bulgarian, the end faces must be treated with sandpaper. You should be careful not to damage the surface of the product. The ends after such processing of a batch turn out equal. When the tile completely dries, you can eliminate all the plastic crosses.
Depending on the tile, the adhesive can be applied to the surface of the product or to the substrate. To determine the required method of laying, it is necessary to study the instructions from the manufacturer, which gives recommendations for carrying out the work.
When the dividing crosses are removed, you can begin to trowel the seams. For this, a special compound is used, it can be of different colors. Most often the grout mix is available in white, but if necessary, you can choose a shade that will fit the main color of the tile.
To perform this process, use a rubber spatula. A small amount of the mixture is rubbed into the voids between the seams, the remains are removed from the surface of the tile. It is necessary for rooms with a high level of humidity to choose mixtures that will be resistant to moisture. This is important, since the surface of the bath often comes in contact with water. If the quality of the mixture is poor, it will lose color very quickly, there is a high probability of shedding.
Sometimes, to improve the stability of the seams can be treated with silicone.
This will prevent the penetration of moisture to the substrate. After all the seams are sealed, the surface is wiped with a sponge.
To give the room a finished look, sometimes use corners. Both internal and external can be installed. Such corners are fastened with the help of putty or special adhesive compound. In addition, they perform a protective function: with their help you can protect the tile.
Secrets of decoration
When working with tiles, there are some nuances and secrets that will make all surfaces ideal:
- If there are cut elements in one row, you should place them in the corner, which is least visible, for example, near the door.
- At the outlet of the communication, namely the water pipes, it is best to have integral elements. The same applies to the location of sockets and switches.
- If the tile will have decorative inserts or a dividing border, it is very important to plan their arrangement in advance. Curbs are recommended to be located at eye level, if you make them higher, the room will look inharmonious.
- Near the door, where the platbands will be installed, you can use the cut elements. This minimizes the amount of waste.
In order to bring communications through the tile, it is necessary to drill a hole 40-60 mm in diameter. Good luck!