Everyone is accustomed to seeing such a kind of plumbing as a urinal, mostly in public places or offices. But recently it is beginning to be installed in homes. In general, this is a very convenient and practical thing. Although in order to install the urinal, it is necessary to understand its classification. Urinals differ in type of flushing and location. There are two types: wall and floor. The installation of the urinal seems to many a difficult task.
The scheme of fixing the urinal to the wall.
Wall mounted urinal
In houses, this type of urinal is most often found. It is compact enough, while it's comfortable to use. Wall models are popular, even despite their higher cost, because with such an installation, the usable area of the room is saved (which is important for small bathrooms), moreover, it does not cause difficulties in cleaning the bathroom. Such a design can have a one-piece siphon. The wall urinal does not provide a drain tank, it is replaced by a special drain cock, which includes the supply of water directly from the water pipes.
Modern modifications are equipped with a concealed flushing system, which must be installed in the wall. Installing a urinal of this model requires the following tools:
- building level;
- surrey putty.
Urinal layout with dimensions.
First of all, marking is done on the working surface of the wall. Further, with the help of the level, the leveling is checked, if there are damages or misalignments, then the leveling should be carried out with a putty. It depends on how exactly the urinal will be located on the wall.
Further, at the marked level, holes are made for fastening and plugs are inserted. Since faience is easy enough to damage, it is recommended to use rubber or leather washers.
If the selected model of the urinal does not have a hydraulic shutter, then it becomes necessary to mount a siphon-revision. In order to install a siphon on the outlet branch of the urinal, it should be treated with putty, and then wind the resin strand about 0.5 cm from the edge and again treat it with grease. Then two elements are tightly connected. The upper part of the siphon, where it is planted on the urinal, is also covered with grease.
Installation of sanitary ware with solid siphon, is to connect the drain pipe to the sewer socket. For this, a pipe is used, and the attachment point is additionally treated with asbestos-cement, in order to give the connection reliability.
In most cases, to connect the device to the water pipe, use pipes made of metal, as opposed to flexible plumbing. In this case, the location of the water pipe should be changed.
It needs to be raised so that it is located above the level of the urinal, and then screw it to the pipe and fasten it to the clutch. Then, the counter nut and the fitting are screwed onto the spear itself. All joints are carefully sealed, for which the surf grease and linen are intended.
The mounting frame of the wall urinal has a distinctive fastening. The installation method is similar to the toilet bowl. If the model is intended for installation in a special niche of the wall, then most likely it will have a drain tank.
Scheme of operation of the urinal drainage device.
Installation of a conventional urinal floor type (it is also called urinal) requires vertical drainage, that is, the sewage pipe leaves directly from the floor. And this is very rare in the apartments. Rather, such an option can be found in private homes, since there the sewerage system is individually selected by the landlord during the construction phase. If there is such a bell in a multi-storey house, most often an ordinary toilet bowl is already connected to it. Such models are more acceptable for public places.
An outdoor urinal for its installation requires the collection of individual sections that are made of ceramics.
Tools and materials that may be needed for installation:
For this model, the installation work is as follows:
- As in any other installation work, the smoothness of the working surface, that is, in this case, the floor, is first checked. If necessary, it is leveled using putty or cement mortar.
- Next, the installation of a sewage pipeline and hydraulic gates.
- After that, the components of the section are collected at a level lower by 10-11.5 cm than the floor itself. They are attached to the holes of the hydraulic shutter.
- All joints can be sealed.
The scheme of the device of a urinal with a radar sensor.
Choosing the model you like, you should know certain nuances.
For yourself you need to answer a number of questions:
- What method of fastening is convenient in this particular case of a bathroom?
- What is the convenient way to install the urinal?
- How does the bathroom drain?
- Do you need any additional functions in such a device?
There is a lineup of devices that are equipped with automatic water drainage, and there are urinals with a capacity of an order of magnitude higher than their counterparts. There are manufacturers who do not install plums in their products. In this case, the urinal has a special absorbent or built-in membrane, which does not allow foreign smells to arise. By the way, it is an obstacle between the bathroom and the sewerage.
The urinal is quite a specific device in its design. Therefore, the size here also plays an important role.
That's why when buying, you should consult with the seller in this regard. It will help you choose the right model for your individual needs and the size of your wallet.
Picking up a certain option and bringing it home, still there may be controversial issues during the installation of the urinal, for example, it may be the height at which the device is attached. Installation is chosen strictly individually, because each has its own composition and growth.
If the installation of the mounted urinal is in the old house, then it is best to make sure that the working surface of the wall is sufficiently reliable and durable. This is to ensure that the mounted device does not fall off, because the weight is great enough. In addition, for such an installation is not suitable drywall. Therefore, if there is a need to level the wall, then it is not recommended to use this material, you should stop your attention on the putty.
In the event that the reliability of the wall causes fears, it is better to think about the option of installation. This is a solid steel frame, constructed from a profile. When mounted, it is hidden deep into the wall or, if desired, cladded. However, for installation in most cases, you should think about a niche, although in some houses this is already available, just designed for such purposes.
Most often, the urinals are purchased by those who create a refined interior in the bathroom.
In an ordinary bathroom, it will look inappropriate. Therefore, when connecting such a device, it is better to abandon the use of flexible hoses, since they will spoil the picture of the whole aesthetics. That such elements were not visible to strangers, they are hidden in walls or after the end of installation decorate with finishing materials. Thus, the bath becomes more presentable.
A very important point is the sealing of seams and joints. Once the installation is completed, including connected and water supply and sewerage systems, a test run is made. To determine leakage, dry wipes can be placed under each joint, and if some one gets wet, this defect should be eliminated immediately. From observance of those or other moments directly the quality of operation of a product will depend.