Modern floor tiles have very many positive characteristics. Its appearance attracts attention, it can be used for many years. Its most important advantage is excellent thermal conductivity. The best coverage for a warm floor is hard to find. Heating elements, laid under the tile, warm the room. Therefore, cool tiles, when the summer heat is on the street, turns into pleasant warmth in winter. Laying in most cases is done by professionals, but craftsmen put tiles on their own.
Distribution of temperature in the room equipped with a warm floor.
There are several types of underfloor heating. Basically it is electric or water heating. Everything depends on individual conditions. The installation of the warmest floor under the tile has a number of positive qualities:
- air remains moist;
- the room is always warm.
The tile was always a heat accumulator. Therefore, the device of any warm floor, guarantees the owners of the room constant comfort in the house.
Such a device is considered an additional heating of the building. Several types of cable are used to lay this electrical floor. It is done:
Scheme of installation of a warm floor under a tile.
The cable is laid directly on the floor. The electricity connection is via the thermostat. For the installation of a two-wire cable, a cement screed with the addition of sand is used. The cost of a single-core cable is much less than a two-wire cable. However, when connected, the circuit becomes more complicated. You have to pull the cable again to the thermostat. When a two-wire cable is laid, this does not happen. Therefore, it is used for almost every room. The cementitious screed is usually made 5 cm thick. After the tiles have been laid, the floor height will change by 6 cm. The screed reduces the height of the room, but at the same time gives a lot of heat, saving electricity.
When the room is heated with a warm floor, tile installation is considered the most suitable option. Ceramic tiles have a high coefficient of thermal conductivity in relation to other materials.
Installation under the tile
Before you start laying a warm floor, you need to know a few basic criteria that you will have to face:
Layout laying the warm floor in the bathroom, the cable is not placed under the plumbing and furniture.
- It is very difficult to dismantle the already laid ceramic tiles. Without its destruction, this can not be done.
- The height of the room after laying the warm floor is reduced by about 8 cm.
- For the cable floor, the screed is made 2 times. The gasket is a heating cable. To avoid screeding, it is allowed to use infrared film.
- In order to make the laying of the tiles, a lot of water will be needed, so it is possible to apply electric heating only after the floor has been thoroughly dried. This process takes a long time. The instruction, attached to the tile glue, requires the termination of work for 2 days. It takes 30 days to fully grasp the screed.
- In addition, the location of the heating elements must be such that there is no furniture. A pre-planned planning is necessary.
If necessary, a cement screed is made. If it already exists, you need to check its status. The plane must be absolutely level, without any irregularities or protrusions. The existing cavities shpaklyuyutsya, aligned protrusions. A sketch is developed with the points of the heating cable passing through. The place of installation of the thermostat is marked.
The method of operation depends on the type of heating used.
Usually, the heated floor is completed with a detailed instruction describing each step of the installation.
Before you start laying the electric floor, the second screed is made, which has a reinforcing mesh.
For the infrared film, several different materials are laid. You can apply:
- cellular mesh;
Types of laying the tiles: diagonally, "seam in the seam", at random.
This task has its own problems. However, it is within the power of the domestic master. First, a design is developed, which takes into account the laying of curbs, drawings, etc. This is especially important, because the tiles are laid for many decades, so you can not make a mistake. Laying tiles can occur in various ways:
- along the walls.
Floor markings are made according to the location of the tiles. To more accurately see all the nuances, an approximate layout of the tiles is done. Typically, the layout operation is from the center of the room. In some cases, the location of the tiles is shifted. For example, to obtain a symmetrical installation around the furniture. The cut tile will look bad. To hide it, it is better to start laying along the wall, since some furniture will be attached to it later.
Preliminary work with tile glue is carried out exactly according to the instructions. Due to the fact that the tiles are placed on the built-in warm floor, a special mixture intended for such purposes should be used. It is necessary to prepare glue within reasonable limits. You do not have to do large volumes at once. You just can not have time to use it.
Tile adhesive is applied to the floor and leveled with a notched trowel.
The glue is applied to the tile with a notched trowel, then it is firmly pressed against the floor. Thus, each tile is put. To maintain an even distance between the tiles, plastic spacers are installed. Excess glue, protruding from under the tiles, is removed with a clean rag. Periodically check the level of laid tiles. If necessary, increase the thickness of the adhesive layer.
When the tiles are laid, it is necessary to cut it. Without this operation, it is almost impossible to do without. For this work, you can use several types of tools:
- the Bulgarian;
- with a tile cutter.
After laying the tile, grouting is done. In building stores it is sold in dry or dissolved form. The shade of the grout is chosen according to the tone of the interior or as a contrasting detail. Grout should be done 24 hours after laying.