Among a large selection of modern finishing materials for the bathroom, tiles for a long time occupies a leading position. This is due to its durability, strength, resistance to moisture, ease of cleaning and other positive characteristics. The durability of the tile directly depends on the quality of its tiling. The correct laying of tiles by yourself, should be considered in more detail. Anyone who has patience, accuracy and common sense will be able to independently install the tile.
The tile is ideal for facing the bathroom, because it is notable for its resistance to moisture.
Tiled walls in rooms with high humidity usually wall and floor.
Before you do the basic work on laying tiles, you need to carefully prepare for them. Training includes:
- Selection of the necessary tools.
- The right choice of tiles.
- Align the required surfaces.
Methodology of the rocks of the walls.
Laying tiles in the bathroom will be made faster and better if you prepare all the necessary materials and tools in advance. These include:
- Glue for tiles.
- A hammer.
- Cement-sand mixture.
- Waterproofing composition.
- Measuring tools.
- Putty knife.
- Tile cutting machine.
- Drill with a nozzle.
- Plastic crosses.
- Wooden slats.
- Grout for seams.
- Sponge, a rag from microfiber.
The surfaces of the walls and the floor of the bathroom to be faced with tiles must be dry, clean and even. First, they completely cleaned the old coating: plaster, paint, tile, etc. To remove the old tiles in the bathroom you can use a chisel and a hammer. Then carefully cleaned construction debris. Alignment of the floor for the tile can be made with a cement screed, and the walls - by plastering with a cement-sand mix or by installing a moisture-resistant gypsum board. The smoothness of the walls and the floor is checked by the building level. After this, the main works can be started only after 2 weeks, after the final drying of the surfaces.
Layout of tiling in the bathroom.
At this time, you can proceed to the next stage of preparation for the upcoming renovation of the bathroom - choosing a tile. When making a selection of tiles, you should pay attention to the following qualities:
- Resistance to moisture.
- Shape and size.
Considering the huge assortment of tiles on modern building markets, everyone can make a choice according to their preferences. Before buying it, you should measure the bathroom to determine the required number by simple calculations.
After carrying out the preparatory work in full, you can proceed to the next stage of the repair.
The walls and the floor, prepared for the strong fixing of tiles on the surface, must be primed. Primer is produced by special compositions for rooms with high humidity when using a roller.
To tile in the bathroom to lay flat and correctly, you need to determine the reference point.
The laid tile with your own hands will serve for a long time if you select and prepare a special glue correctly. The dry adhesive composition is diluted with water in the proportions indicated in the enclosed instructions. It is thoroughly mixed until a thick, uniform mass is obtained with a drill with a nozzle.
Laying tiles on the walls and on the floor has some differences, which are worth paying attention to. According to the advice of the craftsmen, laying the tiles according to the rules is first done on the walls, and then on the floor.
Begin the basic work on laying the tile in the bathroom with your own hands on the walls with the definition of the reference point, from which in the future will depend on the correctness and evenness of the laying in general. Such a reference point will serve as a smooth horizontal line on the walls, drawn along the entire perimeter of the room at the level of the proposed 2nd row of tiles. The line is always made using measuring tools.
Laying tiles on the walls starts from the bottom up, strictly along the drawn line, with the first row usually skipped. The technology of laying is quite simple: with a notched trowel, some quantity of prepared glue is applied to the surface of the wall, where the tiles are attached and tightly pressed. All excess glue is immediately removed with a damp sponge. To ensure that the distance between adjacent tiles and between tile rows is the same, you should use special tools for this device - plastic crosses, which are subsequently removed. The correctness and evenness of laying the tile is checked by the building level. For convenience of work, so that the tile does not slide down, sometimes wooden racks are used, which temporarily strengthen on the wall according to the level of the marked line. If necessary, for laying tiles in difficult places (for example, where pipes pass or around the bath), it is cut with a tile cutter.
The lowest row, which was missed when laying it on the walls, is installed after the tiles are laid on the floor.
Layout of the floor in the bathroom.
On the floor, first of all, it is necessary to draw an even line, relative to which the first row of tiles will be laid out. First, without glue, the tiles are selected on the floor, if necessary, they are trimmed. Best of all, work on laying the tile start from the wall opposite the entrance. Prepared glue is applied to the floor, about 4-5 tiles. Then, without deviating from the leveling, tiles are laid out on the floor and pressed with the help of the rule. Between them, using plastic crosses, an even gap is left. Remains of the adhesive are removed using a sponge. Similarly, the rest of the tiles are laid out on the floor. With the help of measuring instruments, the consistency of vertical and horizontal tile rows should be constantly monitored. With the correct laying of the tiles, the trimmed rows will be along the walls and can subsequently be closed with skirting boards. To dry the glue will take about 24 hours, after which you can continue to work on the facing of the bathroom with tiles.
There are different ways of laying tiles, which make it possible to make the bathroom interesting, unusual, unique. This includes ways to:
- in the runaway;
- combined and others.
However, these methods can only be done by masters with extensive experience in similar work. Beginners should follow the classical way of laying or try experimenting with the color of the tile.
The final stage
Options for laying tiles in the bathroom.
The final stage of the installation of tiles should be considered grout intertight seams, i.e. processing them with a special composition that performs 2 main functions:
Grout joints are made after the tile adhesive has dried well. Strictly according to the instructions indicated on the packing of the dry trowelling mixture, the composition of the desired consistency is mixed, which is a special putty with moisture-repellent properties. Grout is applied to the seams between the tiles with a rubber spatula, squeezing well inside, filling the entire interlacing space. Surplus solutions are removed with a sponge. Approximately 20-30 minutes after the application of the trowelling composition, i.e. after it has dried, the tiled surface is washed with clean water using a sponge and a dry rag.
Thus, the laying of tiles in the bathroom by their own hands will, by all rules, please for a long time with functionality, practicality and aesthetic appearance.