If you decide to make repairs in the bathroom, first you need to decide how it will be: capital or cosmetic. At any decision the technology of repair of a bathroom should be observed. The first stage will be the dismantling of plumbing fixtures and finishes.
Bathroom repair begins with the dismantling.
To do this, you need:
- gas keys number 3 or number 2.
It is recommended to remove the toilet from the room space with your own hands. Once the pipes can be replaced, it can be installed into place without fixing it permanently. The washbasin needs to be dismantled after turning off the water. The adjustable wrench will disconnect the flexible hoses. Work to remove old coatings from surfaces can begin after the dismantling of devices. It is important before deciding which finishing materials will be used to repair the bathroom. If the bathroom is combined, it is better to use a ceramic tile, whereas the walls of a separate toilet can be pasted with washable wallpaper, which can be replaced with plastic products. An excellent solution will be and vagonka.
Preparation for repair
Tile in the bathroom can be hit with a hammer or a bump.
Quality repairs will come when the surface of the room with their own hands will be prepared. If after removal of old coatings there are poorly fixed areas of plaster, they should be discarded by the method of beating. With an even and strong plastered surface, it can be left untouched. From whitewash it is necessary to get rid by means of water, and at a thick layer it is necessary to use a spatula. The wall should be wetted, and then remove the whitewash layer mechanically. Surfaces that have a coating in the form of oil paints should be cleaned more thoroughly.
The process of repair of the bathroom involves carrying out waterproofing works. The most common are pasting and coating materials. The latter have the appearance of a mastic and are applied by means of a brush or roller, and the pasting is produced as a self-adhesive film. The use of films requires the thorough preparation of surfaces. Before the start of the gluing work, the swings should not exceed 2 mm or more. A coating material can be used on unprepared walls. As a basic condition is their purity. If there is a toilet in the bathroom space, the insulation should be exposed not only to the walls, but also to the floor.
In some cases, in order to save money, only areas around the bath, washbasin and shower are subjected to protection.
Regardless of what type of waterproofing is used, the application should be made on the floor and on the lower wall area (about 20 cm).
Smooth surfaces of the bathroom will allow you to easily implement high-quality finishing. You should start from the walls. The level will allow you to check how uneven the walls are. In case of slight unevenness of the walls on which the tile is to be laid, it is permissible to level them with a tile adhesive. And in the case of curved walls they will have to be finished with plaster.
Tools for decoration and painting walls in the bathroom.
At the next stage of repairing the bathroom, you can proceed to the arrangement of the concrete screed, which lies over the layer of waterproofing. It is recommended to add polypropylene fiber to the solution. This will eliminate the process of shrinkage, as the effects of which are cracks. It is preferable to make the filling in accordance with the prearranged beacons. If the bathroom has a small area, it is enough to install 2 guide rails, placing them along the walls. The step between the beacons should be limited to 1-1.3 m. Plaster beacons can be used in their quality, however, it will be possible to save money by applying scraps of a wooden beam or a steel profile for gypsum board.
Guides in the space of the bathroom with their own hands should be set on the level and fixed to the slides of the solution. A long level will allow to analyze the location of the lighthouses in relation to each other. Once the solution has dried, you can begin the priming process. Start should be from the far corner of the room, moving towards the door. The floor of the bathroom with your own hands can be leveled by pouring a few buckets of the mixture.
Then the solution should be "stretched", using the rule for this. The screed will dry for a few days. It is not recommended to try to speed up the process by increasing the temperature regime. This will cause a decrease in the performance of concrete. It can be covered with polyethylene, moistening the surface of the screed once a day. The screed will reach full readiness for further work in a month.
Carrying out the cladding
Layout of the floor in the bathroom tiles.
At the next stage of the bathroom repair, you can start working with the finishing materials. Most often these rooms are tiled with their own hands. Initially, you need to lay the material on the walls. The bathroom will look more aesthetic if the cropped row is located closer to the floor. This will make it less visible. Start should be with stacking the first row, this indicates the need to determine the level at which it will be located. To do this, you need to measure the height of the wall, and then divide it into the height of one product. So you can determine the number of whole rows. Then you need to calculate the height of the trimmed product.
When repairing the bathroom with your own hands, if tile is chosen as the finishing coat, it should be noted that seams must be arranged between the products. This is important when performing calculations. As a rule, the gap is equal to the limit of 2-3 mm.
From the floor it is necessary to postpone the distance, which is equivalent to the height of the cropped row. Then, by level, you need to install a wooden bar or steel profile. At the corners, using a plumb line, you need to fix the vertical bars, which will serve as a vertical level. Now you can start preparing a solution or glue, one of which is supposed to lay the tile in the bathroom space with your own hands.
Before starting work, you will need to prepare the following materials for repair:
The bathroom can have a plasterboard, plastic or stretch ceiling. The first option is the least preferred, but if this material is your priority, then it is recommended to use a moisture resistant material.
When repairing the room with your own hands, it is important to consider that the materials used should be characterized by an increased level of wear resistance.