Finishing the bathroom with your own hands, of course, will cost much less than if you use the services of professionals. However, in this case, the process of selecting materials and the subsequent work with them must be taken with all seriousness. After all, it is important not only how qualitatively the repair itself will be made, but also how correctly the finishing will be chosen. Finishing the bathroom, which has small dimensions, should not be done with a large tile. Use for the floor in this case is recommended ceramics with dimensions within 30x30 cm, this will be quite enough. However, if you want to use a large tile, you should combine it with one that has less impressive dimensions. Laying the floor with tiles, it is preferable to choose warmer tones.
The bathroom is usually decorated with ceramics, as ceramics are resistant to heat and moisture.
Finishing the floor
Before you start laying the floor with tiles, it must be leveled.
To carry out the work, you need to prepare some tools and materials:
Tools for bathroom tiling with ceramic tiles.
- a sponge;
- a primer;
In order to understand what products will need to be cut, it is necessary to lay them on the floor until the moment of laying on the glue. Next, you can prepare a solution, which must be applied to a small area, so that it does not have time to dry up before fixing the products on it. Laying should be done by constantly monitoring the position with the help of a level.
Once all the whole products can be laid on the bathroom floor, you can start fixing the cropped ones.
The application of glue should be done with a spatula, the size of the teeth will depend on the size of the tile - the more the products are, the larger the teeth should be.
If the tile is laid on the surface of warm floors, it is necessary to use reinforced solutions. The prepared solution should be prepared as soon as possible, but not at the expense of the quality of the work. That is why it is necessary to do a very limited amount of the mixture, the leveling of the tiles should be carried out with a rubber mallet. It is not recommended to lay products on the mixture, which has already grasped a bit, as this will not allow to get the proper adhesion of the product to the base.
Laying patterns for tiles
When laying the floor with tiles, it becomes necessary to cut the material, use a tile cutter. Before this, the product needs to be marked, installed on the surface and pressed to the ruler. Cutting must be conducted in the direction away from yourself. After that, you need to press the lever, which will break the product.
Tiles can be stacked in various ways, for example, butt-end, this implies tight fitting products to each other. When laying loose, the tiles move along the seam in each row.
After the bathroom has been repaired by the hands in the field of the floor, it is possible to use the surface after 24 hours, but the absolute durability is reached after 72 hours. The solidification of the adhesive will be uniform if the floor is not subjected to premature loads in its different parts.
Wallpaper for the bathroom should be selected moisture resistant.
The walls of the bathroom can be enriched with ceramic tiles, plastic panels or wallpaper. The latter option is able to become a real decoration of the room, but it is used quite rarely. However, the process of repair using wallpaper will be less time consuming, will entail less impressive costs, as in the case of another finish, and can assume, if necessary, easy dismantling of the coating.
The technology of gluing wallpaper in the bathroom space is almost the same as that used when working with this coating in other rooms. However, there are some rules that must be fulfilled, and the first is to choose the right glue. As a rule, the universal composition is recommended not to be used. This is due to the fact that it will not be able to fight the spread of fungus and mold, so it is necessary to select a special mixture that has antifungal additives.
The surface of the walls must be pre-treated with a special primer. It can be, for example, a concentrate of the brand Ceresit CT99, after which the walls should be left to dry completely. The finishing of the bathroom in the wall area with the help of waterproof wallpaper should be accompanied by special treatment of the joints, which will eventually peel off even with such a coating, if the seams are not treated with water-resistant glue, an alternative is to use a seaming unit. This will give a unique decorative effect.
Painting the ceiling
Tools for painting walls and ceiling in the bathroom.
The ceilings of the bathroom can be painted, this will be the most budgetary option for repair, in addition, if the work is carried out in a small room, in the end, the ceiling height will not be reduced. You can choose water-emulsion compounds for this purpose, which have very low cost. However, it will not be possible to wash it during operation, as it will simply be washed. Optimal solution will be water-dispersion paint, which is acrylic, silicone and silicate. The first variety will allow to obtain an excellent surface, and in the process of application it will be possible to get rid of small cracks. Silicone paint will also show itself well after drying, protecting the ceiling from mechanical damage. If the base is fairly flat, you can apply environmentally friendly silicate paint, it is characterized by the characteristics of adhesion and moisture resistance.
The ceiling of the bathroom before applying the paint should be leveled with putty, applying and leveling with a spatula. Further it is necessary to put priming composition, it will allow to ensure good adhesion of the material to the surface. It is preferable to produce the paint by roller. However, this tool will not be able to reach hard-to-reach places, with which the brush will cope. Before applying the leveling layer, it is recommended to clean the base of old coatings. From whitewashing can be disposed of mechanically, before dousing the base with water. After the ceiling has been dried, it can be put on the putty, leaving it until the time of complete drying. Further it is necessary to make processing by an emery paper, until it will not be possible to achieve smoothness of a surface. Then you can start applying the primer, if there is a need to equip the 2 layers, then before applying the second one, you should wait until the first one dries completely.
The ceiling in the bathroom is painted in two layers, they are applied perpendicular to each other.
In some cases, when the whitewash has a good condition, it is permissible to apply the paint directly to it. However, for this, a special penetrating primer designed for chalk-based work should be used. Finishing of the bathroom in the ceiling area should begin with the coloring of the corners, you need to move along the perimeter of the ceiling. Brush should be dipped in the composition of up to half a pile, then from excess paint is to get rid of. After the work on the coloring of the corners is completed, you can proceed to the main surface area using a roller. Working part of it must be dipped in a tray filled with paint, then it has to be rolled several times in a grid, this will ensure a uniform distribution of the paint on the pile.
In order to avoid the formation of streaks on the ceiling, the composition should be evenly distributed by the tool, from time to time inspecting the surface to be painted from different angles. The ceiling must be painted with separate stripes, each of which must be found on the previous one with a slight overlap with a width of about 5 cm. The applied paint should dry out evenly, for this it is recommended to exclude possible drafts in the room. Avoid the formation of strips and divorces will allow deposition in 2 layers, between which must pass the period necessary for complete drying. In this case, the layers should be directed with respect to each other at an angle of 90 °.
Decor in different styles
After the repair is completed, you can move on to decorating the bathroom, this will emphasize the design, executed in a certain style. For example, for a classic bathroom, you can prefer accessories made in bronze and gold shades, whereas for the style of hi-tech elements with a steel coating are suitable. The decoration of a country-style room should involve the presence of curtains and wicker furniture, as well as everything that can be seen in a rural country house. In this case, the bathroom perfectly fits the decor in the form of vases with flowers in dried form. On the floor you can lay straw trails or mats made of cloth by weaving. In this style, you can not be afraid to overload the room with accessories, on the contrary, there must be a lot. If there is no window in the room, then on the wall you can perform its imitation, adding curtains with ruffles and airy lace.
But the bathroom in the Japanese style should be made with special care, here it is necessary to limit the most necessary accessories.