In living quarters of an apartment or a house it is not customary to decorate walls with plastic panels. Usually they are installed in offices, utility rooms and sanitary facilities.
Scheme of mounting plastic panels on the walls.
The bathroom is a necessary part of every modern apartment. Becoming a habitual everyday belonging to everyday life, this room is often not in the best shape. When using synthetic detergents, tenants, constant humidity and elevated temperature create a rather aggressive environment, which contributes to the destruction of the walls of plastic from the bathroom.
Therefore, higher requirements are imposed on the materials for finishing:
- moisture resistance;
- ecological compatibility;
- resistance to the effects of SMS during sanitary treatment of the premises;
Mounting the frame
Tools for mounting plastic panels.
- electric jigsaw;
For proper installation of plastic panels with your own hands, you need to prepare the base - the walls of the bathroom.
If they are erected from a bar, they must be treated with an antiseptic. If the walls are made of bricks, concrete products, they can be plastered with the addition of a small amount of copper sulfate.
Carry out accurate wall measurements: length, width and height.
It is necessary to determine the location of the panels on the wall: vertical or horizontal. This depends on the correct installation of the crate. If vertical laying is assumed, then the carcass beams are fixed to the wall horizontally, and vice versa. Cut out the jigsaws of the plastic panels according to the measurements of the bathroom. Prepare bars of 30 * 50 mm. The material should be cut, sanded and cut to size. It is necessary to treat the frame parts with an antiseptic. To the walls of the beam the frame is best mounted on self-tapping screws, and to the walls of brick and reinforced concrete - on the dowel-nails. Fasteners must be galvanized. Then you need to fix on the wall heat insulator glue "liquid nails".
Methods of fastening plastic panels.
When they are installed vertically, the bottom bar is fixed at a distance of no more than 5 cm from the floor, and the upper one - receding 3 cm from the ceiling. The distance between the bars is not more than 50 cm. At the door, install vertical bars. Check the verticality of the installed frame level. If there is a gap between the wall surface and the block, a piece of plywood must be placed. The installation of the panels starts from the corner.
At the end of the installation of PVC panels, the corners are closed by corners, while hiding the attachment points. You can also use "liquid nails" to fix the corner.
For the fabrication of a frame when decorating walls in the bathroom, a metal or plastic profile can be used.
Fastening of panels
The most optimal option for fixing are kleymers, staples of a construction stapler or self-tapping screws.
The initial stage of installation is the installation of external and internal corners from MDF, corners and ceiling skirting.
The first (starting) panel is fixed with screws to the bar with a comb outwards and along the entire length. Check the verticality of the plumb line. If it is installed correctly, the work can be continued. The connection of the following panels is carried out according to the principle of "spike-groove" with fastening them to the frame by staples.
If the last panel on the wall can not be installed full-size, it is cut to size and, inserting into the groove of the previous one, is fastened to the frame. Cut the panels better on the front side.
If the walls are perfectly even, then the fastening is possible on the glue "liquid nails". To do this, make a grid of glue on the wall, along the width of the material and lay it. Then, the skirting board is installed, fixing it to the bottom bar with screws.
Mounting on the ceiling
At the initial stage of the installation of plastic panels on the ceiling, you need to measure the height of the corners of the room, determine the location of the fixtures and make electrical wiring to them, which must necessarily be insulated. Prepare the material for the manufacture of a ceiling frame for the installation of panels. This can be a metal profile.
In terms of level, draw a horizontal line on the walls. It can be repulsed with a colored cord, which is fixed on the marks made on the level.
The perforator drills holes along the entire length of the line marked on the wall, and a ceiling UD profile is attached to the dowel. It is better to fasten it immediately along the perimeter of the room. Mark the ceiling with parallel lines marked at a distance of 60 cm from each other. Along the lines, drill holes for attaching hangers. The suspension will be attached to the SD profile on the ceiling, and here without an assistant, which will guide the profile, you can not do without.
Fasten the first (starting) panel to the profile with screws. The other side of it is secured with kleimers - a special fastener, which allows you to hide the attachment points under the panel itself. It is inserted into the groove and fastened to the frame with small nails or self-tapping screws. Then the next panel is inserted into the groove. and, fixing it, continue the styling. The last panel is brought under the plinth. It can not be fastened, as it will be supported by fastening the plinth, which is installed on the glue "liquid nails". If necessary, the last panel can be cut to the width.