The final stage of repair work on laying ceramic tiles in the bathroom is grouting joints. Everyone knows what a finished tile looks like. But not many have mastered the process of its laying. Mount it on the prepared surface with a special glue, with distances between tiles of 2-3 mm - this is the seams that need to be zadekorirovat.
Grouting is best done with a rubber spatula, because Iron can damage the tile.
At present, the tiles are laid on various surfaces, beginning from the floor and ending with the ceiling. Most often, the tiles are laid on the floor and walls. If before the halo of the habitation of ceramic products was exclusively in the bathroom, now there are many design solutions for any room in the apartment. About the pool and not worth talking about. Due to the wide application of ceramic plates in the building market, a lot of grout appeared. How to choose a grout for tiles in the bathroom?
Types of grouts
In shops on the shelves in the building department, you can see three main types:
- on cement basis;
- on the basis of epoxy resins;
- in the form of a sealant.
Advantages and disadvantages
Table of characteristics of the trowelling mixture.
The most popular are grouts on a cement basis. They consist of a mixture of portland cement with the addition of special substances (for example, hardener or latex). This is done to improve the properties of the trowelling mixture. Filled in a sealed container in the form of a dry mixture.
The merits include such indicators as:
- low cost;
- relative simplicity of application;
- filling of wide intertributed spaces;
- minimum costs when replacing the trowel.
Among the shortcomings, we note:
- If the tile or tile is prone to scratching, then the application of this grout is not possible;
- low resistance to moisture and detergents;
- poorly preserves color;
- After a certain time, replace or renew the grout.
This mixture has been widely used. It can be used in an apartment or a private house. Good for grouting tiles in the bathroom because of good penetration into the seams of the tile.
Epoxy mixtures consist of several components. Basically it is epoxy resin, coloring additives and hardener. They are sold as a set of components, which in the process of preparation are mixed in a certain proportion.
Advantages of this type:
- wide choice of colors;
- resistance to chemical and mechanical stress;
- there are transparent epoxy grouts (for transparent mosaics);
- high penetration into narrow seams (starting from half a millimeter).
A good kind of mixture, but you can not do without minuses:
- high price;
- difficulty of application.
Scheme of grouting joints.
This grout joint has a high chemical resistance. This species was formerly used only in industry. After the release of two-component epoxy grout, it was increasingly used to repair apartments, grouting tiles in the bathroom.
Silicone mixtures are used for difficult and problematic places. Most often these are joints of the tile and sanitary installations in the bathroom. Less commonly used in places where elevated thermal displacements, for example, in Turkish baths (hamam). Are sold in the form of a tube in volume of 200 or 300 ml.
Among the advantages are:
- high elasticity;
- antifungal additives;
- resistant to ultraviolet radiation.
- high price;
- relative complexity of application;
- a special tool is required.
Очень важно тщательно подойти к выбору цвета. От него будет зависеть окончательный вид облицовочной поверхности. Правильно подобранный цвет и оттенок затирки способен подчеркнуть и облагородить кафельную кладку. Color selection зависит не только от вашего вкуса, но и от дополнительных факторов (например, цвета помещения или сантехнического оборудования).
If the mixture is chosen in a lighter shade, then the light tile on the general background will merge, and if the reverse variant is a darker tint with respect to the tile, the effect will be opposite, each tile will be highlighted.
Colors of the trowelling compounds.
The situation is more complicated with a photographic plate or a mosaic tile. In this case, you need to select the basic colors that match the tone to the panel, and select the optimal color gamut by trial and error. In addition, it should be remembered that when dried, the solution may slightly change the tone. For the rest of the cases, you can use the classic solution - the darkest color of the tiles in the bathroom is determined and the grout color is chosen for the lighter tone. But in any case not one tone with him or even darker.
In any case, consult the seller as a consultant. There are many details when choosing a color, as in the bathroom with high humidity, the color of some solutions may change.
How is grouting done? Consider the steps of applying grout on a cement base.
Start the process of trowelling can not be earlier than a day after the completion of the installation of tiles.
Before applying the mixture, preparatory work is required - the joints are carefully cleaned from the remnants of tile adhesive and dust.
Materials and tools:
- capacity for powder dilution (mixture preparation);
- the groin itself;
- rubber spatula;
Carefully study the instructions for preparing the mixture on the package. After this, in accordance with the instructions dilute the mixture, observing the proportions of water and mixture. Make a short pause, so that the solution has acquired the necessary properties, and all its components are activated.
Then mix thoroughly. Now proceed to the direct application of the solution in the seam. The process itself requires a little skill, but at the same time you should not rush and thickly cover the seams.
Applying a small amount to the rubber spatula and making reciprocating movements, the mixture is pressed into the seams. After application, it takes about an hour to partially solidify the mixture.
Next, rinse the remainder of the solution near the seams of the tile with a wet sponge. It is important to do this in a circular motion, in no case do not rub. If flushing or holes are found during flushing, fill them with a solution of the newly prepared grout with a rubber spatula.
The next day, remove the stains and the remaining stains with a dry cloth. This concludes the work. And now you can admire the beautiful view of the tiles in the bathroom and the neat seams.