Currently, many owners in the repair of apartments prefer to do everything themselves. After all, sometimes the cost of labor exceeds all conceivable and unthinkable prices, and the quality of work leaves much to be desired. Consider how to make the tiling in the bathroom with your own hands.
Due to wear resistance and moisture resistance, the tile is used for bathroom design.
Before you start laying the tile in the bathroom, you should distribute your strength. As soon as you want to start work, you need to design a bathroom. If the design will use curbs, the calculation of tiles will be slightly different if only a single-colored tile for the bathroom was used. You can do design and repair yourself or contact a professional designer. In any case, whatever option you choose, be aware that the installed items themselves will be much better.
To begin with, it is necessary to draw up a plan of action, through which all subsequent stages of work will be carried out quickly, efficiently and at the right time. After the plan is drawn up, the work will seem like a real work of art. Thanks to the made plan to make a bathroom unique it will not be difficult, and the worker will receive real pleasure from the process of work. Here is a list of works that must be done when laying the tile:
Layout of tiling on the wall.
- determine the quantity of materials and quality;
- preparation of walls;
- laying tiles on the walls;
- grouting of seams;
- floor preparation;
- laying tiles on the floor;
- final work.
In addition to the necessary sequence of work, you need to have patience and the right tool. So, you need the following materials and tools to work:
- Toothed spatula (application of adhesive);
- building level (rake for leveling the level in both vertical and horizontal versions);
- tile cutters (for high-quality cutting);
- rubber spatula (for grouting);
- Crosses and wedges (for leveling tiles and joints between them);
- plastic bucket for solution;
- a bucket of plastic (or a basin with a sponge) for finishing work and erasing surplus grout;
Then you need to go to the job of laying the tile with your own hands. First you need to calculate the exact number of tiles you need to work. For this it is required to measure all the walls of the bathroom. Multiplying the height of the wall by its width, we get the surface area.
Tools for tiling.
After all calculations of the area they must be folded and get the total number of square meters of the bathroom. To the received value it is necessary to add about 5% (for chips, marriage and other expenses). Once the calculations are completed, you can go to the store, where the seller will consult on all issues, check the accuracy of calculations and pick the most profitable and beautiful option.
Since the bathroom is an object of high humidity, it is necessary to approach the quality of the tiles very carefully. The same tile is not suitable for laying on the floor and walls. That is why there are a lot of them not only in design and size, but also in the quality of the material itself. For the floor in the bathroom should be suitable that brand, which has the best characteristics, such as roughness in texture, strength, moisture resistance and exposure to mechanical stress.
Smoother tiles are suitable for walls, but do not forget about quality. All this will tell the seller-consultant.
In order to further keep the tile long and well, you need to completely free the walls from the old paint, plaster and other finishes. When these works are finished, you need to prepare the walls for the main process - stowage. First you need to create a linking framework. It is for this purpose that a wire mesh is installed on special dowels. In order to keep it well, we need to mesh it well, in addition to the mesh, then apply a cement mix of "Ceresite" type.
An interesting solution is the combination of both the tile itself and its layout.
As soon as all this dries, you can use an ordinary metal profile for convenience. It must be installed on the wall so that during the laying of the tiles it does not slip, creating unevenness. When the preparatory work is completed, you should start kneading the glue. Dry mixture is covered in water, and not vice versa.
Stacking кафельной плитки требует много времени, сил и терпения. Как только все готово, приступаем к работе. Первый ряд должен быть выставлен по уровню. Надо хорошо постараться, чтобы этого добиться. Для выставления ряда понадобится реечный длинный уровень. Установив первую плитку, выставляйте по уровню все остальные. Измерения необходимо проводить не только по вертикальной плоскости, но и по горизонтальной. Для этого следует приложить уровень и смотреть на зазор. Если он есть, то плитку надо поправить.
Options for laying tiles.
If there is no gap, then the row is set as desired. To control its work (and the quality of the subsequent seam) it is necessary to use cross-wedges. Pushing them into the corners of the tiles and between them, you align all your rows. Remember that in one day you should not stack more than 3 rows. The tile may glare. It is necessary to cut the elements correctly and competently, because at times of junctions and crossings there is sometimes not enough room for the whole tile. To cut off the required amount, you need to use a tile cutter. It's very easy to use.
To begin with, you need to mark out the necessary distance, which will be cut off. For this purpose a simple pencil is suitable. Once the tile is ready, insert it into the tile cutter and press the handle. It will cut off exactly where necessary. And if the bathroom has pipes that need to be bypassed, use special tongs for tile.
Stacking кафельной плитки своими руками - очень трудоемкое занятие, в работе не следует торопиться. Чтобы укладка кафеля в ванной своими руками прошла успешно, нужно создать необходимые условия для работы, приобрести все материалы и инструменты (можно взять последние напрокат в магазине) и настроиться только на качественную работу.
The scheme of grouting sutures between tiles.
After the tile is laid, it is necessary to wipe all the seams. Grout must be selected competently. It should perfectly match the color and be in sufficient quantity. Do grout with a special rubber spatula. Grout is applied in the slots in such a quantity that the seam is filled. Make sure that all voids are filled. As soon as the grout dries, the excess should be removed with a finger moistened with water or a damp sponge. Do this at an angle of 45 °, otherwise the work will be spoiled.
Works with tiles in the bathroom can be started both from the walls and from the floor. Each employee chooses the order and order of work independently. But most often choose a sequence such that first make the walls, and then the floor.
Stacking на пол
For laying the tile on the floor, it is necessary that all work on leveling and waterproofing be carried out. After that, you need to find the beginning line. To do this, it is necessary to lay out a row from the opposite door of the wall and to the threshold without the use of glue. This will help to avoid scraps on the doorstep. Once the line has been found, you need to start laying the tile on the floor. The process is similar to the process of laying on walls. Apply a small amount of adhesive to the floor with a notched trowel on the floor under 1-2 tiles, lay and align using pegs, pegs, level and other tools and materials.
The advantage of working with tiles on the floor is that you can do it in one day, without waiting for shrinkage of the adhesive.
Remember the filling filling quality of the seams. Thanks to competent seams, there is no need to correct the washed seams annually, spending money, strength and time on them.