The toilet is one of the most important elements of plumbing in any home. From its quality and functionality depends the comfort of all tenants of the apartment. Today it will be told how to choose a toilet so that it fully meets the needs of the person. Choosing this plumbing device is not so difficult, but you need to pay attention to a lot of nuances, so that the purchase was really fun.
To begin with, it is worth considering the types of toilet bowls that are presented in the modern market. All of them are constructively a waste tank and a bowl, in which all the most necessary fittings are located. There are several classifications of toilet bowls. By design, they are divided into those that have horizontal flushing and those that have vertical flushing.
The first constructive variant assumes that the outlet is located directly behind the reservoir, that is, the pipe goes horizontally, but can be located at a small angle. The connection to the drain pipe is carried out by means of a corrugated pipe.
The scheme of the device of a drain tank.
When a person decides for himself the question of which toilet to choose, then he must be guided by such a parameter as his working pressure. It should fully correspond to the pressure that is created in the system. Today, the market offers to buy toilet bowls with a pressure of 1 to 8 bar. By design, there are also toilet bowls with a shelf and without it. The first option is most widely distributed within our country. Such a toilet bowl protects the sanitary assembly from various kinds of splashes. At the same time, this construct carries negative aspects as well. First of all it concerns its pollution. To eliminate them it is necessary constantly during operation of sanitary technicians. This should not be forgotten, since it directly affects not only the beauty and aesthetics in the room, but also the health of all people who live in the house.
Those toilet bowls that have a vertical outlet, necessarily located at a certain angle to the floor. This helps to make a quick flush into the throat. This trough is not always located just behind, because sometimes its position can be in front, and in some cases even in the middle.
Types of drains
By types of drains, all modern toilets can be divided into three large groups:
- straight horizontal;
- oblique flow;
- vertical flow.
Scheme of a toilet bowl with dimensions.
It is worth mentioning a bit about each type in more detail. This aspect is very important when choosing. The type of drain directly depends on how the drain neck and the riser pipe are located. It is necessary to pay close attention to this criterion when choosing a particular toilet model. When it comes to the neck, located high above the floor, the preference should be given to the toilet bowls with a straight horizontal drain.
Иногда в современных домах можно встретить ситуации, когда горловина располагается ниже уровня пола. В подобной ситуации обязательно нужно приобретать унитаз, который имеет vertical flow. Надо знать и о том, каким образом в сантехническом узле организовано сливное отверстие. Если человек, не зная расположения этого конструктивного элемента, приобретает унитаз с вертикальным стоком, то наверняка ему придется дорабатывать стояк. В некоторых ситуациях может оказаться так, что монтаж будет невозможен. Так что обязательно нужно тщательно подходить к решению выбора конкретного расположения стока.
Another very important parameter, which must be paid attention when choosing a particular toilet model. Quality plums provide a comfortable life for all family members who will use the plumbing system. Modern toilet bowls are equipped with two main types of sinks, namely cascade and shower.
When it comes to the cascade version, it can be noted that in this case the flushing is carried out by a continuous flow.
The shower option assumes that the flow will be uniformly distributed throughout the perimeter of the bowl.
Each person in his life faced both, and with another option. However, there is one more variety that is not so widespread in our region. It is about the option of draining, when the bowl of the toilet is completely filled with water, and then the flushing is abruptly performed.
As for the solution of the problem of choice, everything depends on the personal preferences of the person who will operate the toilet. It is also worth noting that on average about 6 liters of water are wasted for one drain, but there are also economical options for sanitary equipment on the market. Here, water is wasted about 2 times less.
With regard to the design of the tank, then on it all the toilet bowls can be divided into the following large groups:
Kinds of toilet bowls by type of release.
Monoblock constructions mean the direct attachment of the tank to the toilet bowl. They are a single construction. Today, such specimens are very popular, especially when it comes to a small plumbing site in terms of dimensions.
Compact models are small in size. They imply the direct attachment of the toilet bowl to the barrel, but unlike the previous model, here the second structural element is located on a special substrate protruding relative to the bowl. It should be noted that it is these designs that are today considered to be the most popular among ordinary people. They have good working capacity, and spaces occupy at least.
When choosing a similar model, you must pay attention to the manufacturer. Finnish sanitary ware has long been valued in our country. As for the Chinese models, they should not be paid attention. Domestic manufacturers have recently begun to pay increased control measures to their products, so they can put an eye on them. A lot depends on the quality of the construction.
Stages of toilet installation.
There are many varieties of compact models. They can differ from each other by connecting to a sewage system, a water pipe and a drain. The water intake can be either side or bottom. The first option is considered the most simple in terms of connection and operation. The second type of connection is more attractive from the point of view of aesthetics. At the same time, the appearance of the bathroom remains beautiful enough. Nothing affects the look, since everything is under the toilet itself.
Connection of sewerage in such models can be horizontal, vertical and angular. The horizontal version is inherently considered to be universal, since it allows you to connect almost everywhere. Of course, the exception is those situations where any adapters are required. Vertical descent is only possible if the pipe comes from the floor. Implied in this situation is an exceptionally implicit installation. The angular version of the connection is the least common. It is usually carried out in those houses that were built long ago, that is, even in Soviet times.
Separate toilet bowls are also widely distributed. They imply a separate position of the bowl and the drain tank. For small plumbing units such a model is not suitable. A bright representative of this family is a toilet bowl, in which the cup is located in its standard place, and the tank is hung high on the wall. Today such models are scarce in the market. The advantage of such a construction is the fact that the tank creates a sufficiently powerful head in the bowl.
Method of attachment
Now it is worth turning to this topic. By the method of fastening all the toilet bowls can be divided into the following large groups:
Floor models are considered classic. They imply the direct attachment of the structure to the floor. The installation of the suspension means the use of the installation system, all external fittings are hiding in the wall, that is, it remains invisible to prying eyes. A lot of advantages of such designs make them leaders in the market of modern sanitary ware.
The most important advantage is that they do not spoil the aesthetic appearance of the sanitary assembly and save space to a considerable extent. Such models look as respectable as possible, since only the buttons remain outside, thanks to which the drain can be carried out. Often the installation is followed by subsequent finishing. Therefore, it is necessary to provide for the purchase of decorative panels in advance.
Material for manufacturing
Schematic diagram of a device without a float tank.
When choosing a specific model for your house, you must pay attention to the material from which the toilet is made. The most inexpensive are models that are made of earthenware. The best option is the use of ceramic porcelain. These models are in high demand today. Models made of stainless steel or marble are rare on the market, so they should not be taken seriously.
Due to the fact that faience models are inexpensive, they are now most popular. However, it should be noted that, in terms of practicality and durability, they are sharply inferior to porcelain models. It is worth thinking about this before going to the store. The principal feature of porcelain models is the porosity of their structure. The service life of the porcelain toilet bowl is 50 years, while in faience, it is limited to 30 years. However, of course, everything depends on the taste of a person and his financial capabilities. Today you can find very good faience models, which are covered with a special protective film. It protects the surface from various kinds of mechanical influences and greatly simplifies the process of cleaning plumbing.
Before buying a specific option, you must necessarily consider it for the presence of various kinds of defects. This is important, since any toilet is a very fragile thing. It may have hidden defects that appeared during transportation. Such plumbing will not last long, and headache with it can not be avoided.
Location and Forms
By its location, all the toilet bowls can be divided into standard and angular. Here everything is quite simple. The first option is to be installed directly along the wall, and the second one - in the corner. Sometimes the layout of the premises does not allow using any of the options. In such a situation, it will be necessary to envisage the transfer of various communications. This is not always convenient, so before buying it is necessary to think about what location in this plumbing site will be most convenient and relevant.
As for the form, all modern models can be divided into rectangular, oval and round. The choice of a specific option here depends, to a large extent, on the location in which it will be located, and on personal preferences.
As is clear, there are many classifications of similar sanitary devices. Each of them has a right to exist. When choosing it is necessary to focus not only on aesthetics, but also on the practicality of a particular model. This directly affects the duration of the device. First of all, of course, in many respects it is worth giving preference only to those models that like it. This is the only way to achieve comfort during operation.
In the rest everything depends on the technical characteristics and financial capabilities of a person. Only weighed all the pros and cons, you can safely go to the store.