Arrangement of the bathroom should begin with the selection of sanitary ware. This applies not only to the bathroom, the sink, but to the toilet itself. To him you need to make certain demands. It should be convenient, easy to use for the whole family, it is convenient to connect to the sewerage system, to economically consume water.
Kinds of toilet bowls.
Choice of toilet bowl
In order to choose a toilet, one should know its technological varieties and features. But there are also common points that must necessarily be taken into account:
- The system of connection between plumbing and sewerage should not cause any difficulties.
- Ease of operation. Here, the shape of the seat and the flushing process are implied. In this case, all the wishes of the household should be taken into account.
- In the case of buying a kit (toilet bowl + tank), its design should be reliable, and if necessary - easily be repairable.
- Design solution. Such plumbing should not stand out from the interior of the bathroom. In addition, today you can easily pick the right color for such a product.
- Hygiene. Depending on the shape of the bowl, there may be some unpleasant moments in operation. For example, excessive spraying of water that falls on the body.
All these points are desirable to take into account, before choosing a toilet, since this depends on the ease of operation and human health.
The main varieties
Scheme тарельчатой чаши.
First of all, choose a convenient toilet. When choosing a particular model, you should discard all the constraints and sit down on your favorite plumbing. It is very important to pay attention to the height and width of the seat, since this will determine the convenience of operation. In many ways comfort is determined by the width of the rim. In addition, when choosing a particular model, one should remember about the residents of the house, especially if the family has small children.
From the point of view of hygiene, an important point is the choice of the bowl of the toilet bowl. Spraying of water and hygienic procedures directly depend on it.
There are three types of bowls:
The first type has long been considered obsolete, it came from the USSR. The design of this form has a horizontal "shelf". When washing, there are no splashes. But such a plus is covered by two big minuses. Firstly, the smell, and secondly, after each use, such a toilet requires cleaning. Because of this design, water constantly accumulates in the bowl, which leads to the formation of rusty divorces.
The second option is the optimal design. In it, spraying water is minimal, the smell is almost non-existent, besides, there is no need for constant cleaning.
Scheme visor toilet with oblique discharge.
The third type of toilet bowl is one of the most "clean" forms in operation. This model has an economical water flow. But here immediately it is worth noting that such a design during flushing creates a strong splashing, which leads to the ingress of liquid onto the body. Of course, there are more modified models of such a bowl, in which there is a minimum of water in the water seal, but this does not help much. Such a toilet is installed more in public places than in houses.
No less important are other parameters, for example, drainage mechanisms and a tank. They are the main components of such plumbing. The latter can be fastened high or low, depending on the layout of the room. The draining can be done with a knob or buttons. By the way, about the latest version. Thanks to the buttons there is the possibility of adjusting the flow rate of water, since there are two of them: one gives a larger volume, the other gives a smaller volume.
The most popular are ceramic products. But if you can afford, then you can choose a toilet from faience or porcelain. Such materials are considered the most wear-resistant, however, their cost is high.
Choose the right toilet and allow a close inspection of the lid fasteners to the bowl.
It is best if they are metal fasteners, as they provide a durable, unstable connection.
Types of fasteners
The toilet can be attached in two ways:
- of sex;
- on the wall.
The scheme of installation of a toilet bowl on a floor.
The first type has the most popular positions, since in most houses the output system is designed for floor toilet. Fixation of this device goes to the floor with a concrete mix or special screws. True, such a toilet bowl does not need to be put back to the wall, pipes of sewerage and water can be brought to any point of the bathroom.
As for the suspension models, they are still considered exotic. This design is convenient in that the floor remains free, and this, in turn, visually increases the restroom. But then immediately it is worth paying attention to the fact that to mount such a model requires a capital wall or a metal frame. This requires the supply of sewage from the side of the wall. Therefore, for small-sized bathrooms hanging toilet bowls are not the best option.
I would also like to note that, with the suspension model, the distance between the device and the wall will be at least 20 cm, which should be enough for the corrugations for draining drains, the frame of the power frame and the decorative false panel. Usually small bathrooms have a niche under the riser, where you can put all the communication.
But in general, the floor toilet in the installation is much easier than the pendant counterparts.
Form of issue
How to choose the right toilet to protect yourself from reworking the sewer? To do this, pay attention to the form of release:
Scheme of installation of a suspended toilet bowl.
In the first case, the sewage is discharged into the sewage system for the outlet, which has an inclination angle of 45 °. Such models are quite popular, so the developers of houses make the sewage system, focusing on the oblique release. To determine whether this form is needed, you should pay attention to the following points:
- If the initial bell, installed in the room, has a certain slope with respect to the horizontal surface.
- If, installing the toilet, it is impossible to move it further 15-20 cm from the wall.
- If there is no desire or opportunity to deal with the overhaul of the sewer pipe.
All these points clearly indicate that you should buy a toilet with an oblique release.
As for the direct model, it can be found in most cases on imported products. In this case, the drain pipe connects to the wall straight horizontally. Such a construction can be connected by means of a corrugation of a suitable diameter to a standard bell. If necessary, a corrugated pipe with a rubber seal is used to unfold the product. But in this case, you should be prepared that when you connect this model to the oblique release, the toilet will be pushed forward (about 150 mm). In addition, direct release has a rather specific location of the socket of the sewage system.
Vertical type can often be found in houses 30-50-ies. Because there the sewer pipe perpendicularly leaves into the floor.
Separate attention deserves the selection of plumbing in a private house. It is best in this case to choose the last option, because thanks to this design it is possible to save a useful area, and the pipes - to hide in the floor.
Before you choose a toilet in the toilet, you should know its size. Therefore, when going to the sanitary ware shop, it's better to take roulette with you. It is necessary to know the distance from the rear wall to the entrance door. Best of all, if from the device to the wall or door there will be not less than 600 mm. You should also consider how close the wall or door to the person will be located.
Another point, which many simply do not think about, is the location of the water mirror. It is best if there is a steep slope on the back of the toilet. Thus, the water level will be closer to the front, which will ensure a minimum amount of splashing during flushing.
Of course, in general, you need to choose a toilet, based on personal preferences. Knowing these or other features of certain designs, it will be possible to avoid all sorts of inconveniences during the operation of such a device.