The bathroom has always been considered a place where moisture is collected. Therefore, people try to choose such coatings during the repair to prevent the appearance of fungus and mold on the walls and ceilings of this room.
Mold on the ceiling in the bathroom is formed due to hot water vapor.
As a rule, mold is one of the most dangerous factors that provoke all sorts of diseases. But it is very difficult to fight the fungus, if you do not know the basic measures to eliminate it. Therefore, it is advisable to consider how not to give the fungus to appear in the bathroom and how to destroy the already existing mold.
The most vulnerable place for mold is the ceiling. It is there that steams hot water. Condensation on the surface, moisture can stay there for a long time. And this contributes to the reproduction of fungal spores, which can be entered into the apartment even when the premises are ventilated. In a humid environment, some molds can successfully reproduce. For this reason, attention should be paid to the ceilings in the bathroom during the repair. Particular attention should be paid to the possible fungus on the ceiling, if the roof is flowing.
Scheme of growth of mold fungi.
So, first you need to dismantle the old coating: paint, wallpaper or ceiling tiles. Even if you did not notice the fungus before, its spores can successfully live in the thickness of the old coating, and then, after repair, with the same success multiply and spoil the already new repair.
After dismantling, you should tap completely the ceiling, fixing for yourself those places where, when tapping, a sonorous sound is heard. This is already the reason to remove the layer of plaster or putty. Otherwise, it will soon fall off by itself.
Next, you need to brush the ceiling with a metal brush and cover with a special primer that contains a strong antiseptic against mold. This is perfect not only to prevent the appearance of fungus on the ceiling in the bathroom, but also to destroy the already existing tiny pores. Experts at the same time advise priming the ceiling several times, without regretting the means.
Then restore the normal smooth covering of the ceiling in an ordinary way (with the help of mortar and putty). When all this grasps, again cover the surface with an antiseptic primer. And only after its full absorption can be safely taken for the basic decorative finish of the ceiling.
Methods of struggle
Table of means for combating the fungus.
Very often there are cases when the repair is already done, and after a while a fungus appeared on the ceiling. What to do in this case? We must act as quickly as possible. So you will be able to maintain the old decorative cover as much as possible during the fight against mold.
Today, you can use many different means to combat mold (both folk and modern). Therefore, it is necessary to consider the most effective of them, the result of which has already been tested by several generations of people.
So, first you need to protect yourself from mold. To do this, use a respiratory mask and good rubber gloves. Wear unnecessary clothes, which then do not mind throwing or washing in a disinfectant solution.
Before using the product, you must carefully prepare the surface of the ceiling.
The preparation process itself will depend entirely on the decorative coating on it and how much it is already affected by visible mold.
So, if the ceiling wallpaper or an oilcloth, then in the affected area and in a radius of about 10-20 cm around it should be torn off the wallpaper. Do not feel sorry for them, because you can put a new piece of cloth in this place. Rip off gently so that invisible spores do not scatter around the room and do not hit the walls.
After this place, where there was a piece of wallpaper, it is necessary to clean well with a brush for metal. Previously, the brush is wetted with an antiseptic agent so that the spores do not scatter to the sides. After the brush has dried, it will be possible to start the fungus removal process.
In the case of a painted ceiling, everything is a bit simpler. If the surface is not slightly affected, then it makes no sense to rip off all the paint. You can wipe a place with a damp, hard sponge, affected with a fungus, then brush it with an additional brush and allow to dry.
Means from mold: soda, vinegar, sodium solution, citric acid.
If it is a ceiling tile, then it is important not to miss the moment when the mold is just beginning to develop. Otherwise, you will have to completely remove all the tiles and check their reverse side for lesions. In any case, you will have to remove several tiles.
The places where they were are brushed. The same tiles that are affected by the fungus can also be cleaned, neutralized with the main method and then glued again if they are expensive and throw them away pityingly. Only carefully clean the side seams before processing, since it is in them that most of the mold accumulates.
Quite simply, everything with a ceiling that is covered with decorative plaster. If it is normal, you do not need to rip off anything. It is enough to make a similar brushing, drying, then you can safely remove the fungus on the ceiling using the basic methods.
Only then, at the end of the process, you may need to restore the hue, if there was colored plaster.
Compositions for destruction
And now it's time to move on to the main tools that are used to fight mold on the ceiling and walls in the bathroom. It is necessary to dwell on those methods that are considered the most sparing, inexpensive and universal for all types of fungus:
Mold spreading scheme.
- Use of modern antifungal serums and primers. As a rule, when combating an existing fungus, not ordinary primers are used, but special ones. On the label must be indicated that this fluid not only prevents mold, but also effectively kills the already existing fungus. It is necessary to comply with the rules for applying and maintaining the funds indicated on the package.
- A solution of chlorine water. To do this, take and dilute in water concentrate or chlorine powder. The proportion is about 50:50. The solution is applied to the surface for 10-15 minutes, then carefully washed with water and dried with an open window.
- A solution of copper sulfate is considered to be very effective in combating the fungus. It is necessary to observe the proportion (approximately 100 grams of vitriol per 10 liters of water). It is desirable to warm the water so that it is warm. After completely dissolving the vitreous powder in water, apply the resulting liquid to the affected area for approximately 25 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
- If the mold hit the surface slightly, you can use boiling water. But work with it should be carefully, if the surface of the ceiling is highly susceptible to deformation. With boiling water, the surface must be treated several times to destroy the maximum amount of spores of the fungus.
It is important to know also some measures that contribute to the prevention of mold formation. They should be tried to observe even when you completely killed the fungus in the room. Such measures include frequent airing and ventilation of the bathroom. To do this, it is best to install special moisture absorbers and good venting points.
So, the main effective methods to combat mold on the ceiling are considered.
If you correctly observe all preventive measures and destroy the formed fungus in a bathroom on the ceiling in time, you will not have health problems, and new repairs will always please you.