Choosing the material for finishing the bathroom, you can not lose sight of the fact that these rooms are characterized by high humidity. Therefore, it is preferable to use moisture-resistant materials, such as plastic panels or ceramic tiles, to finish it.
The wooden finish of the walls of the bathroom must be treated with water-repellent impregnations.
Even more recently (15-20 years ago) it was believed that the finish of the bathroom with a tree can be made either by very rich or very brave people. After all, it is well known that under the influence of moisture most types of wood are rotting and deforming, becoming unfit for further use.
The principle of leveling the wooden floor with plywood by adjustable lags.
Wood has long been used to build Russian baths and Finnish saunas. But the fact is that the tree in these buildings is exposed not to water, but to its vapors, moreover, for the most part dry, which do not have a noticeably negative effect on the structure of the wood.
Today the situation is not so simple. Treatment with modern chemical protection means can significantly improve the resistance of wood to moisture, allowing the use of wooden decoration materials, for example, wooden lining, for finishing the interiors of bathrooms.
Recently, there has been even a fashionable tendency to arrange a bathroom sink from wood. Probably, not the least role here are statements that the tree is a living, warm and environmentally friendly material. How much wood impregnated with chemical compounds, which is also a significant part of the time under the direct influence of water, remains environmentally friendly, it makes no sense to say.
When deciding what kind of wood is needed to finish the bathroom, several important criteria of the material must be taken into account in order to minimize the use of chemical agents to protect it from moisture (it will definitely not do without them in this case). Particular attention should be paid to the following characteristics when selecting:
Stages of fastening of lining.
- low coefficient of deformation;
- maximum resistance to moisture;
- maximum resistance to rot;
- maximum resistance to fungi mold.
The coefficient of deformation reflects the resistance of the tree to swelling from the absorbed moisture. What it has near the tree, the greater the internal resistance of wood to absorbing moisture, respectively, such a tree is less deformed. In teak, this coefficient is 9.5%, in oak and pine - 12.5%, in beech - 18%.
Resistant to mold and rot has most exotic species of wood - Iroko, jatoba, dussia, merbau. Of the growing in our land are not inferior to them oak, hornbeam, elm and the core of larch.
Floor in the bathroom
For the device of a floor in a bathroom wooden parquet or boards usually get. One of the best options for a device of this kind is to purchase a three-layer parquet board for it. This solution has many advantages:
Types of linings.
- such board passes water and bacterioobrabotku in industrial conditions, and the parquet and the usual board will have to be handled additionally;
- installation of the floor from such a board is as simple as installing the floor of the laminate, which makes it possible to perform it yourself even for beginners in this matter.
A significant disadvantage of this material is its high price. However, if you calculate the cost of self-impregnation of other wood materials, the time and costs of installing the flooring, as well as painting it with water-repellent paint or varnish, the overall difference in price will not turn out to be that great.
Especially considering the fact that pine or fir boards are not suitable for a bathroom, more expensive oak or larch is needed.
To the earlier applied for the finishing of the walls with a wooden board and lining in the last years moisture-resistant fiberboard and veneered sheets of moisture-resistant plywood were added. When decorating walls with a wooden board or lining, these materials can not be mounted close to the wall - it is necessary to leave at least an air gap of 2-3 mm, so that the air passing through it helps to dry both walls and panels.
Scheme of fastening of lining on a glider.
To arrange such a gap, first a metal or wooden crate is attached to the wall. For the installation of the battens and fastening boards or lining, use a whole set of fasteners - from nails and staples to laths for the profile and skirting.
If such a gap is not made, then in half a year the tree will be damaged by rot, despite all the measures of protection. And to protect these materials you need to seriously - before installation, impregnate wood with special compounds, and after installation it is necessary to cover the surface with stain or protective varnish.
Veneered sheets of moisture-proof plywood or moisture-resistant board are easy to mount. If the walls of the bathroom are made of moisture-resistant plasterboard, they are screwed with screws, and simply glued to the plastered wall. Convenience of this method is that the finish can be made with slabs of different sizes or combined with other finishing materials, thus diversifying the interior.
Protection against moisture
Stages of plywood laying on the floor in the bathroom.
Covering the tree with a special water-repellent varnish is the most common way today not only to protect the tree from moisture, but also to preserve its appearance.
The water-repellent film formed during processing is firmly held on the surface of the tree, thus prolonging the life of the tree.
The varnishing of the tree is repeated after 5-7 years, which makes this method of protection so popular.
Treating the surface of a tree with oil is the most effective way to protect it from moisture, as the oil fills even microscopic pores in the wood, leaving no room for water. But this method is rarely used, since this treatment must be repeated every month, otherwise the treated surface will quickly fade.
Nuances of decoration
Tree, используемое для отделки ванной комнаты, должно быть обязательно сухим. Каким бы устойчивым к влаге ни было, плохо просушенное, оно неизбежно будет рассыхаться и деформируется. Выполненная из такого дерева отделка ванной комнаты уже через несколько месяцев испортится.
Since different places in the bathroom are exposed to moisture with varying intensity, it is desirable to use different types of wood for finishing.
In areas with the most intense impact of water (space and walls directly around the bathroom, washbasin and shower), it is better to trim more expensive, but also more resistant to water - teak, cedar, bamboo, ebony or cork tree. From local breeds in these areas you can use beech or oak.
To trim the bathroom in less problematic places, you can use elm, ash, larch, aspen, and from exotic - Iroko, merabu, dussia. It is not recommended to use the wood of pears, cherries, pine, spruce, badi, wenge, kempas, guatam in the finishing of bathrooms.
Often a tree in the bathroom is used in combination with other finishing materials. In this case, the wooden elements should be tried to be placed as far as possible from the problem zones in terms of humidity. If this condition is not possible, for example, when the floors in the bathroom are wooden, and the walls are finished with tiles, then you need to take the most resistant and high-quality material for the floor, not saving on the price.
Finishing a bathroom with a tree is stylish, nice and cozy. But this decoration requires considerable resources, forces and time to maintain the appearance of the wooden elements of the bathroom in the proper form. Therefore, before you finally begin to finish the bathroom with a tree, you need to think carefully and weigh it. And only in the event that you are firmly sure of your rightness, act. Good luck!