Installing a sink is a fairly simple process, which nevertheless requires certain skills in this area. As practice shows, most people live in old houses, where apartments have a fairly small area. In this regard, there is a problem of lack of space, especially in the bathrooms. This factor encourages the owners to set as few elements in the room as possible and to think about how they are best placed.
The scheme of connection of a sink and a bath to pipelines of hot and cold water and the water drain.
That's why experts advise to install in such houses the so-called hanging shells. Installing a sink of such a plan will not only save space, but will also get a really useful element. After all, in some cases, the installation of the sink does not carry any useful additions, in particular, to the general interior of the room. The same option, if you attach a special cabinet to it, will be an excellent element for any room intended for water procedures.
When installing a shell, the first thing you need to decide on is the type of construction that you will have to mount.
Such elements are divided according to the type of material from which they are installed:
- elements with the use of ceramics;
- sinks from glass;
- devices made of stone;
- sinks made of metal.
Some types of shells are determined by fixing the suspended structures:
Schematic drawing of the shell.
- Standard fastening to the wall.
- Special fastening using special devices - brackets.
- Shells that come complete with a so-called pedestal.
As a rule, installation of a sink with suspended structures is carried out with the help of special elements, such as dowels and screws. However, the installation of a granite or stone shell in this way is by no means impossible, since these elements are rather heavy structures and the above-mentioned elements simply can not stand them. In such cases, when installing the sink, the second method is used, that is, special brackets are obtained that can withstand even greater loads and, as a consequence, make the sink support the most powerful and stable. Installation can also be carried out when the cabinet is equipped with a cabinet. This kind of installation is the best, since it allows you to combine at once two extremely useful elements. As practice shows, most people choose exactly such elements for mounting a shell, as they can store many necessary things that previously occupied precious space.
Preparing for installation
It is necessary to carefully prepare for the installation of the element, because this will determine the convenience of all further work. The installation of sinks involves performing a large number of different manipulations that can not be done without prior preparation. Before proceeding with the installation of the washbasin, it must be purchased first.
Washbasin installation scheme near the bathroom.
Before buying a sink, you need to make measurements of free space and calculate the dimensions of the structure to achieve the optimum result. For proper installation, first of all measure the dimensions of the bathroom, and determine the optimal position of the element based on the location of all other devices in the room.
Mount the sink to the wall only if the latter is made of a sufficiently strong and stable material. In particular, the walls of plasterboard do not fit, as the sink can easily fall.
If all water distribution in the form of water supply and sewerage in the dwelling is available, it must be borne in mind that all these communications have both input and output. The total height of the installation should be such that it suits the growth of all tenants, otherwise it will be inconvenient to use the device. There is an established average height that is suitable in all cases. It is 85 cm.
Mounting on holders
This is the first and most common option, which is suitable for almost everyone due to its simplicity. That's why this option is used by the majority.
In order to perform the installation in this way, you need to acquire the following elements:
- with a drill;
- adjustable wrench;
- a tape made of Teflon;
- special tools for measuring.
A diagram is an example of the dimensions of a shell on a pedestal.
Once it is clear where to install the sink, you can proceed with a process such as markup. For this it is required to draw a line horizontally in the place where the surface of the shell will come into contact with the wall. When implementing this activity, you must acquire a level in advance so that all elements are located exactly.
The back of the device has special holes for fastening, which are also used to mark the surface. For this purpose, it is necessary to lean the element against the wall and carefully place the pencil in place with the pencil. Then you need to take a drill and carefully drill the holes in which the dowels will be inserted. In construction, a trick is used to prevent the drill from sliding over the tile: it is necessary to glue the wall with a sticky mounting tape.
After that it is necessary to screw the so-called hairpins, paying special attention to the depth of their placement. That part of the device that protrudes should be slightly longer than the width of the shell itself, by 1.5 cm. This will help fix the products using the fixing nuts after carrying out the basic work.
Mounting the mixer
It is best to install the mixer before the installation of the shell has been started, otherwise it will be much more difficult and inconvenient to mount this element later.
Scheme of fixing the mixer to the wall.
For this purpose, the device is placed with wiring of great flexibility and special pins for fastening the element. All the necessary hoses that supply water are inserted into special holes.
Before installing the mixer, you should put a special gasket on it, which will help to avoid undesirable water leakage.
The underside of the element must acquire a gasket, as well as a special washer. After that, each of the hoses is screwed with a special nut.
During this process, you should periodically check that the nozzle of the mixer is positioned correctly.
After this, it will be possible to twist the valves located in the corners, but first you need to apply a special sealant to the thread itself, and wrap it with a tape of Teflon or hemp.
Installation and connection
The back wall of the sink must first be lubricated with a special putty, designed to seal the product. After this, you need to install the device so that it is located above the fasteners. They put on liners, which must compact the elements, and later carefully tighten the nuts, previously put on these liners.
Gates located in the corners, must acquire the ends of flexible hoses, which will subsequently swirl. The nut must also be with a rubber seal.
Then you need to screw in the siphon. To the canalization it joins with the help of a treba or hose. Do not lose sight of the gaskets, which during this process can dry out or even become worthless.
Next, you should test the entire system. If the connected pipes flow, they must be disassembled and thoroughly dried, and before re-installing the cuff, lubricate it with a sealant.