In our time, the question remains as to what is better to trim the ceiling. Especially this applies to rooms with a high degree of humidity. And the first place here is the installation of plastic panels on the ceiling. Experts argue that this method is the best option for finishing the surface in the bathroom and in the kitchen, and even in cottages, where in the cold season, the preservation of heat is not guaranteed.
Installation of PVC panels on the ceiling.
The choice of PVC panels in the finish of the ceiling is explained by many advantages of the material. This is the resistance to moisture, and ease of installation and maintenance, and low risk of deformation in the future. But the determining factor is the relatively low price. After all, the low cost of good material makes it necessary to stop on it your choice.
Selection of tools and materials
More and more people recently prefer this way to trim the ceiling. And despite the claims of ordinary people that this process will be difficult to give, experts know: the installation of plastic panels on the ceiling with their own hands is within the power of even an inexperienced person. But this is possible provided that the order of work is complied with and the required tool is available. So, you need to purchase in advance:
The scheme of installation of PVC panels on the ceiling.
- profiles for fixing panels, here you will definitely need the basic metal slats, the profile-baguette for secure fastening against the wall, metal corners;
- Plastic panels, as a rule, they are available in different widths;
- plastic dowels;
- a furniture stapler and staples to it;
- a set of screws;
- building level;
- roulette and a simple pencil;
- a hammer;
- cement mortar;
- scissors for metal.
Before you go to the main process, you need to calculate the number of panels for the ceiling. The most reliable method is to divide the area of the ceiling into the area of one panel and add about 15-20% to the obtained value. Based on the received figure, it will be easy to understand how many profiles are required for ideal mounting. Usually it is even written on packages to the plastic panels themselves.
Types of PVC profiles and cornices.
So, when everything is ready, you can safely get down to work. First, you must properly prepare the surface. First, the hammer is taped all the places on the ceiling where there is plaster or putty. If somewhere the material is weak, you need to dismantle it. This is easily done with a conventional spatula.
And still need to remove all the curvatures between the ceiling and the wall, if any. They will interfere with the installation of metal profiles. For maximum reliability of fastening, it is necessary that all angles are ideally 90 degrees. And if you so want to have rounded seats, they can be equipped already on the finished ceiling of the panels.
When the dismantling is completed, proceed to the embedding of the formed recesses and existing cracks. Here you can use both a solution and putty, depending on how deep a defect. After solidifying the solution, cover the ceiling with a primer, and then apply a thin layer of putty over the entire area.
Frame attachment method
Layout and installation of the frame
Now you can proceed to the fastening of profiles using the wireframe method. So, first you need to make the correct markup. Here you will need a water level, a tape measure and a simple pencil. First determine the location of fastening the slats on the wall. Using the water level, mark on the wall the line of the location of the lateral guide. First determine for yourself, what part of the useful area of the wall you can give under the panels. Much here will depend on the thickness of the panels and the frame. The minimum height is 2.5 cm.
Now mark out all the corners, and also determine the center of the ceiling. It is convenient to do this by combining diagonals. From this center it is possible to retreat equal distances, on which metal strips will subsequently be fastened parallel to each other. Remember that the distance between these slats should not exceed 60 cm. The ideal variant is 45-50 cm. The smaller this figure, the more reliable will be the frame and, accordingly, the plastic panels on it.
Tools for installing plastic panels on the ceiling.
Pay special attention to places on the ceiling, where there are pipes or other engineering structures. For them it will be necessary to build special boxes. It should be marked out for them in such a way that in the communication boxes should be free, so that the profile is not installed back-to-back.
When the markup is completed, you can proceed with the installation itself. First you need to install a framework, and then you already have to mount the panels on it. Start the work by installing the panels on the ceiling. First, the main, parallel to each other, are mounted along the whole length of the ceiling. They are screwed to the ceiling with a screwdriver. The distance between the screws is about 10-20 cm.
After that, you need to fix all the corners and wall bars to the ceiling in the same way. The last parts are attached parts of the frame on the walls. Note that during installation, it may happen that the individual bar is too short. In this case, it will be necessary to lengthen it with the help of special lengthening profiles, which are sold separately in building stores.
During the installation of the metal frame, it is always necessary to make control measurements with a level. After all, in the case of inconsistencies, distortions can arise, which then will be difficult to correct. It is most convenient to use the water level, as it is as accurate as possible.
When the frame is completely ready, check again the reliability of its fastening. It is important that the slats do not move when they are mechanically applied to them. Now you can safely proceed to fasten the plastic panels with a wireframe method.
So, in the beginning on each panel it is advisable to make notes in those places where the screws for fastening will be located. The optimal distance between them should be about 20-30 cm. When all is noted, proceed to mount the material on the frame.
Scheme of a metal frame for ceiling lining with lining.
Begin work from the edge of the wall. Here, you will not be hindered by an assistant who will support the panel from the opposite end while you fix the beginning of the panel. When you will assemble adjacent bars, try to squeeze each other as much as possible. Ideally, the panels should have longitudinal grooves along the edges, into which the nearby slats will fit without difficulty.
When you finally attach the penultimate panel, you need to measure the distance between it and the wall. It may happen that this distance is less than the width of the plastic bar. Then it should be carefully trimmed. But do not overdo it so as not to cut off excess.
So, after installing the last panel you will only need to install a ceiling skirting board. It can be either plastic or made of foam or a material that is similar to it. If it is plastic, then it is attached to the screws. Polyfoam is just stuck.
If for some reason you do not want or can not fasten the plastic panels in such a skeleton way, you can solve the problem differently. Here the frameless method will come to the rescue. It is perfect for temporary rooms or small rooms, in which the ceilings and walls are perfectly level, and the room is very low in humidity and at a constant optimum temperature.
The installation of plastic panels without a frame method is based on the use of special glue or liquid nails.
Installation of PVC panels on a wooden ceiling.
He means in the future not to use the ceiling for heavy chandeliers, since there may be flaking or warping of plastic. For work you will need liquid nails (can be replaced with adhesive mastic), double-sided spatula, construction knife and level.
The panels are fastened quite simply. You should only apply the adhesive at first with the smooth side of the spatula, and then with the ribbed part remove the excess. After that, you need to press the panel well to the ceiling. This must be done quickly, so that the glue does not dry out. It is convenient to work together, so that the second person presses the panel from the other side.
So gradually, you should fix all the panels on the ceiling. Particular attention should be paid to the bars near the wall and corners. They need to be pressed a little longer than the other parts. In the last turn the ceiling skirting is fixed.
During installation, it is important to keep the room at a minimum humidity and a temperature of about 25 ° C. It is also not advisable to open windows and doors during operation, as accessing a large amount of fresh air can trigger a temperature drop, and with it, the peeling off of plastic panels. In a day after installation it will be possible to open the windows already.
So, the basic ways of installing plastic panels on the ceiling and their basic rules and subtleties are considered. Of course, it's best to give your preference to the wireframe method, which is considered the most reliable. But in the case of the right approach, both methods can give a good result.