Shower cabins both in an ordinary apartment and in a country house are stylish and presentable. The modern market offers shower designs of a various complete set and a price range, therefore each buyer can pick up completely suiting its variant.
Before installing the shower tray, it is necessary to finish all finishing work: the platform under the pallet should be flat and ideally horizontal.
The main advantages of shower cabins include:
- Compactness of products, which is a significant plus for Russian small bathrooms.
- Significant savings in water, ranging from 300 to 500% compared to taking a bath.
- Shower procedures take less time.
- The use of running water increases the hygiene of the bath process, since the dirt instantly goes into the washout.
- Installation of the shower design in-house is available even for non-professionals.
But buying a quality shower enclosure is only half the battle. The key point is the assembly and connection. And the most difficult and time-consuming process can be called installation and installation of a pallet. Modern technologies allow to simplify installation works. Such a design, as a shower box, is an already assembled cabin, which only needs to be connected to the water main, the electrical network and the sewage lines. But this option, due to the design features of the room is not always beneficial, acceptable and optimal. Therefore, the issue of installing a shower tray alone or with the involvement of specialists is still relevant.
Features of choice
Drawing of the shower tray.
The pallet is one of the most important elements of the design. It depends on it depends on the shape and size of the shower, and the material of the pallet significantly affects the comfort and convenience of hygiene procedures. Dimensions of standard shower trays are varied and range from 70x70 to 130x130 cm.
In depth, all pallets can be divided into:
- deep (from 100 cm);
- average (from 50 to 100 cm);
- small (up to 50 cm).
It should be noted that a siphon is installed under the shower tray, which increases the total height of the shower enclosure by 10-20 cm. If you have not yet determined the depth of the pan, you should pay attention to the following nuances. Cabins with a deep pallet outwardly resemble a bath and allow you to enjoy water procedures in comfortable conditions. There are also such drawbacks: when leaving the box, you should raise your legs high, so they are not suitable for people of advanced age or with diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Although this defect can be eliminated by equipping additional stages.
The shapes of pallets are very diverse:
Before buying a shower tray, you should determine the location of its future location. To install a shower in the center of the room, there is a possibility of supplying all necessary communications. In the reverse situation, you should stop at the installation of a pallet in the corner of the room or mount the product in a niche. For miniature bathrooms, it makes sense to choose angular variants, which often have a semi-circular or pentagonal shape.
Installation of a ladder for the shower tray.
Materials for pallets are not very diverse. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. As a rule, constructions are made of:
- cast iron;
- artificial or natural marble.
Cast-iron pallets with enameled coatings are widely used due to their relatively low cost, high durability and good durability. In addition, they are absolutely not subject to deformation. The cheapest are the designs of enamelled steel. But their essential disadvantages are slow heating, high noise, unstable coating.
In addition, steel pallets are the most slippery. More expensive models of steel shower trays are devoid of these drawbacks, since they have a reinforced coating and are equipped with rubber gaskets absorbing noise. Ceramic pallets also deserve their popularity. They are attractive and hygienic, but require very careful handling because of the risk of chipping, as they are afraid of even weak blows.
Acrylic is one of the most practical materials for the production of pallets. Such pallets are beautiful, durable, pleasant to the touch. Minor damage can be easily eliminated by yourself using a special formulation that is applied to the damaged area and then subjected to grinding.
Pallet mounting scheme.
The acrylic pallets are able to bend under the weight, so they are equipped with special frame mounting brackets and adjustable legs, which ensure the correct installation of the structure. The great variety of shapes, sizes and colors of acrylic will allow you to choose the perfect pallet for any interior. Recently, excellent pallets of quark have appeared - acrylic and quartz compounds, which have high strength and wear resistance.
Marble shower trays have a perfectly smooth surface. They have a beautiful and presentable appearance, are not afraid of cleaning products and temperature changes, scratches. Marble pallets are made of natural or artificial material. Artificial marble is characterized by better performance properties and relatively affordable cost, its surface is more resistant to any dirt and much easier to care for. In addition, along with acrylic products, molded marble variants are the quietest and safest in terms of slipping.
Marble pallets are quite heavy and can crack even at the stage of measurements. They are not recommended to install without having certain skills. Due to the fragility of the material, the same advice applies to ceramic pallets. Therefore, an independent installation, as a rule, involves the installation of an acrylic or cast iron device. A detailed algorithm for the necessary actions will be considered below.
Stages of pallet installation.
So, you will definitely need:
- crosshead screwdriver;
- adhesive sealant;
Also, you should know that the repair of the room must be completed before the installation of the shower cabin. This rule extends not only to cosmetic work, but also to the final installation of the sewerage system, electrical wiring and pipes supplying water. Electric networks should be resistant to moisture and have the least number of "twists", plumbing pipes should also choose only good quality.
Installation of the pallet
The installation of these shower trays is quite simple. Basically, acrylic pallets are already sold in assembled form.
The only thing that needs to be done is to fasten the legs to the structure.
Long hairpins, supplied in the kit, must be screwed into the seats until they stop completely. On the studs, it is necessary to tighten the nuts and put on the washers, only then put on the metal supports of the base. The shower tray must be mounted on a flat, clean surface.
Further on the shortest support you need to find a special welded nut. The central leg is attached. Next, you need to put the legs under the level and secure them securely, and insert a special fastener for the screen.
After performing these works, the pallet should be checked for leaks. It is necessary to close the drain hole and pour water into the pan. If there are no leaks, you can proceed to the next stage.
The scheme of installation of the plastic pallet.
Before installing the pallet in the selected place, the drain hose should be connected to the sewage and attached to it a siphon, which serves as a protection against sewage odors. Further joints are compulsorily treated with silicone sealant. A seal is installed in the drain pan. The final step is the fixing of the drain assembly onto the screws.
For greater stability, the shower tray can be "strengthened" by means of a mounting foam or concrete. A good fortress and protection against subsidence will give and profiles for gypsum board.
After installing the legs, you must catch zero in all planes and attach the pallet to the wall. Next, a line is drawn and the width is measured. From the line you have to go down to the width of the edge and draw a second line, on which you need to drill the profiles. They will not give a design to prosity. Use only the self-tapping screws in the kit, they are designed along the length and will drill the drip through and through.
You can apply a thick layer of silicone on the inner surface of the rails, this will contribute to strengthening the structure.
Installation from ceramics
The scheme of the shower ladder.
The installation of ceramic pallets is hampered by the inability to access the drain pipe. To solve problems, you must act in the following way:
- The installation site must be chosen so that the drain of the pallet is as close as possible to the drain pipe.
- A groove is cut near the intended location of the siphon in the floor using a jig saw. Next to the first cut, you need to make an additional one, which will serve as a niche for laying the drain pipe.
- To place the installation of the pallet, it is necessary to apply PVA glue, then mount the siphon to drain and install the pan on the previously prepared solution.
- After the PVA has dried completely through the holes in the floor, it is necessary to connect the siphon to the pipe.
- The joints and joints should be treated with silicone sealant.
When carrying out work, it should not be forgotten that the level of the pan should be higher than the level of the sewage system. This is necessary in order for the water to drain and not stagnate in the shower.