If you tile the walls with ceramic tiles, you can forget about the frayed walls that are constantly in need of repair. They spoil the interior. Ceramics do not cause big financial expenses. Thanks to it, the walls and floors or their areas become more aesthetic.
Good looks tile, imitating natural materials. For example, wood.
The newest types of ceramic tiles imitate:
- the old;
- expensive wood;
With success replace numerous finishing materials. In return, they put tiles, which are available at a price to each person. In order to save more, you can lay the tiles yourself. Of course, you can invite and professional masters, but it is better to understand the question: how to lay a tile?
Calculation of tile
It is with planning and accurate calculation that all work begins. First, the whole area is measured. It happens that the received data do not coincide with the drawing of the BTI. Ordinary roulette measures all the necessary dimensions, with the help of a triangle, the values of the angles of the contacting surfaces are determined. Thus, a future work plan is drawn up.
Before laying the tile, it is necessary to conduct a close examination of the walls of the building. The level is determined by the slope and wrong angles.
The smoothness of the walls is determined with the help of a building level.
When all dimensions are obtained, the existing geometry of the walls will be clearly visible. It prompts, it is necessary to do leveling of walls completely or only certain places.
When an angle is found at the wall that is directed inward, some difficulties may arise when laying the tiles. Possible the formation of unequal gaps, the installation of a shower cabin becomes more complicated, it becomes difficult to install a corner sink.
Methods of laying
First of all, you need to know some of the characteristic errors that are made with the first experience of laying tiles. The walls are not leveled, and the laying of the tile is done directly at an angle, using a notched trowel. As a result, tile is obtained with a wedge discrepancy. In some places, tile protrusions are visible. It is located on the wall under different angles.
Another mistake is the attempt to put ceramic tiles on uneven walls with the help of a glue layer, which is what causes this alignment.
If the surface is too uneven, putty put on the layer of plaster.
I must say that this method leads to a decrease in the strength of the adhesive layer. There is only one advantage of this method. Time is saved: do not plaster the walls and wait until they dry. However, a significant disadvantage of this approach is the huge consumption of glue.
Professional masters apply this method of laying only when in some places of the wall there are small irregularities.
The correct laying technology will be preliminary leveling of the walls and level checking.
For work, a plaster solution is used.
If you carry out all the necessary technological operations, then laying the tile will be very easy. The thickness of the adhesive will always be the same. The consumption of glue will be minimized. This is how the real masters put the tiles.
Peculiarities of laying on the floor
Ceramics is divided into several classes, depending on its impact resistance. The most "weak", it is referred to the first group, in most cases used for the bathroom. A powerful impact-resistant tile of the fourth group is usually laid before the entrance to the building.
The flooring is similar to that of the walls. First, there is a reference point that coincides with the vertical. After drying, joint sealing can be performed:
- cement mortar.
For work use a rubber spatula. To seal seams (more than 4 mm in size), the cement slurry is mixed with sand.
Then, a ruler is pressed against the wall, to which a corner is applied. A roulette is stretched along it until a perpendicular line is directed to the opposite wall.
Then cut small pieces of tile to put them in the available corners. Sliced pieces are glued, maintaining the symmetry of the rows of wall and floor tiles.
All works originate from the doors of the room and the furthest corner. Sliced tiles are desirable to install along the walls.
Layout of tiling on the floor.
Each row of tiles must be stacked at the same level. To tie the tile, you can use a hammer. Small strokes can get an absolutely even number. After laying the tile on the floor, you do not need to walk on it immediately. In extreme cases, you can put a massive wide board for walking.
Sometimes the lower part of the door jamb interferes with the smooth laying of the tile. In this case, you can do two things. You can simply cut off the interfering bottom of the door jamb or make the jamb form from the tile. All the required dimensions are applied to the prepared tile. For accurate and accurate cutting, it is better to use a tile cutter.
The notched piece is broken off by pliers, edges are processed by an emery block, it is possible to use also a skin.
Before gluing the tile, it is advisable to first try on the cut piece. The sealant is placed in the furthest corner with respect to the door. A lot of sealant is not necessary to apply. Until a complete drying takes place, walking on the ceramic floor is not advisable.
On the inner side of the ceramic tile is applied a binder solution with a thickness of 5 mm. For the solution to be well distributed on the surface, it is leveled with a notched trowel. As a result, the adhesive composition will not have empty spaces and omissions.
The tile is fixed in the corner of the wall. To increase adhesion, it is tightly pressed against the wall and taped with a rubber mallet. After pressing from under the tile will start to act superfluous glue. It must be completely removed immediately.
Layout of tiling on the wall.
Then the second row is stacked, and so on, until it reaches the opposite corner. Laying rows of tiles should start only from the bottom and move up. Wizards recommend that after laying three rows, wait a little until the adhesive composition seizes. Then the work can be continued.
To the butt seams were laid absolutely evenly, the neighboring tiles are separated by plastic crossings.
The vertical is checked by a plumb line, the horizontal by a building level. The end of the work is the spreading of the seams formed by the sealant and the grout, which makes the appearance of the finish more beautiful.
To perform the work, you must prepare the following tools in advance:
- plastic frogs;
- trimes (for forming corners);
- self-tapping screws.
Tools for laying tiles
You can not do without the following tools:
- tile cutting machine;
- spatula spatula;
- a spatula for rubber;
Of course, laying ceramic tiles is not very simple. This is a painstaking work that requires the master to be careful, diligent and attentive. However, self-styling makes it possible to save money, and also get great pleasure from work. In compliance with all the recommendations that have been described above, almost every person can properly tile the tile. It does not matter if he has experience of such work.