Questions with repairs are always trying to stretch for as long as possible. This may be due to many factors, for example, there is no time or money. But time comes, and for this process all the same are taken.
Ways of laying ceramic tiles.
The biggest impact on the interior is in the kitchen and in the bathroom. There are temperature differences, and high humidity, and mechanical impact. Most often, floor tiles suffer from this, it is necessary to replace it. How to lay the tile on the floor correctly?
The most elementary solution to this issue is to call in professionals. But the cost of facing materials is far from low, and this is not to mention how much the tiling services can cost. Therefore, to save money, you can work on your own. The main thing is to correctly observe the sequence of steps and the quality of the work performed on them.
For this stage it is necessary to prepare:
- a hammer;
- building level.
Stages of laying tiles on the floor.
First of all, the space is cleaned, that is, all plumbing is dismantled. Then, using a hammer and a chisel, remove the old tile. Since such a coating easily splits, at the time of breakage, sharp fragments are formed. To avoid injury, you need to think about your protection in the form of gloves on your hands and eye protection glasses. After the old coating is removed, the remains of the old glue are removed with the same chisel.
To keep the floor tiles firmly and not cracked when you first press it, the floor surface should be perfectly even.
First of all, it is necessary to pay attention to plaster and its quality. It happens that the sand-cement coating is swollen, and from the long service life it also crumbles. Then, before the calculation of space and material, clean the poor-quality plaster coating.
With the help of a building level, the surface is horizontally checked. Convexity and concavity can lead to the fact that the seams of the plates will look sloppy. In addition, there are large gaps between the floor and the walls. In case of such shortcomings, they can be removed with plaster.
In the presence of a concrete floor, you can use a special building mix or cement mortar with sand. The second option involves a process similar to that of conventional plastering.
The scheme for setting beacons for floor leveling.
But if you choose the construction mix, you need to know the technology of the work. Prepare such a solution does not work, because on each label the manufacturer prints the instruction for the correct batch. There, according to the standard, the thickness of the layer is also indicated, which can be placed in the bathroom on the floor, and how long it will take for it to dry. If the concrete surface has pores, cracks, joints and gaps, then you need to think about waterproofing. In order for the mixture and the base to bond well together, a primer is used, which is initially treated on the floor surface.
The next stage is drawing the level along the entire perimeter of the room. This can be done with the help of a water level building. Its design is a thin hose with graduated flasks attached to it. The principle of measurement is constructed on the basis of communicating vessels, that is, the flasks are filled with water and are exposed along the perimeter. To carry out qualitative measurements, it is better to perform them together with a partner, one of which will deal with the markings on the wall, and the second will be aligned to the markings of the bulb. Further the points are connected by a ruler into one continuous line.
The resulting horizontal lines serve as the basis for the installation of pendulum rails. After that, the surface is poured with the resulting solution.
Smooth the surface with a wide spatula.
If air bubbles start to form, they can be removed with a needle roller. The direction that must be observed when leveling the floor, from the far wall to the door.
Scheme of drawing the solution down into lighthouses.
But in old houses a tree was often laid on the floor. The complexity of this coating is that the wood does not have a rigid structure, which means it will be difficult to lay the tiles on the floor. If the floor tiles are put on old and rotten boards, then it quickly fissures.
Therefore, first of all it is necessary to take care of replacing old boards with new ones, the thickness of which should be at least 2.5 cm. We should not forget about protection against fungus, mold and decay. To do this, it is necessary to carry out an autopsy using special solutions. Again you need a layer of waterproofing under the tile on the floor in the bathroom.
The leveling of the wooden floors takes place with the same construction mix. But before pouring the surface, using a nail or pieces of brick at a distance of 5 mm attached to the building mesh. Only after this, it is covered from above with the selected mixture. The average drying time of such a floor is 28-30 days, then it will be possible to carry out further work.
Procurement of materials
Layout of tiling on the floor.
Floor tiles can be purchased in advance, but can be after the base is prepared. Of course, it is better to stick to the second option, since after the works the area in the bathroom can change. And it's good if it decreases.
To a bathroom has a decent appearance, it is best to buy a tile on the floor of the first grade. The second and third grades often have a marriage in the form of color differences and sizes. While laying tiles in the bathroom, it can turn out that it will crack or break, so you should always take it with a margin.
For registration it is important to purchase and curbs, skirting boards, patterned coverings, etc. When buying tiles in the bathroom you must immediately purchase and glue. It is better if it is a special dry mix that perfectly withstands temperature changes and increased humidity. It is recommended to pay attention to the instructions on the label concerning the permissible thickness of the plaster.
Laying out tiles
Before you spread the coating, you should prepare:
- glutinous solution;
- a drill with a nozzle-aureole;
- building level;
- rubber kiyanku for laying tiles in the bathroom;
- glass cutter;
- cement mortar.
First of all, the glue is prepared. Instructions for mixing components are usually found on the label. To make the adhesive mass homogeneous, use a drill with a mixer nozzle, although you can stir it with your hands. To make the work easy, the solution is added to the water portionwise.
Для того чтобы напольная плитка крепко держалась, ее оставляют на 12 часов в воде для раскрытия пор. Примерно за час до того, как ее начнут класть, она достается из воды. Для контроля ровности укладки плитки в ванной применяется building level.
The shrinkage of the tiles is corrected with a rubber mallet - tapping it on the surface. When surplus glue comes out at the seams, it should immediately be removed. If the whole element does not fit (near the wall or in the corner), then it must be cut to the desired size. On the reverse side, the required size is drawn, with the help of a glass cutter, the excess is removed.
To ensure that the floor tile is securely bonded to the floor, it needs an average of 3 days. After that, all joints are treated with cement mortar, it is necessary to control it immediately so that the surface does not get dirty.
In the end, you can cover the floor tiles with special means that will give it a shine and smoothness. But the cost of such coatings can be quite high.