Among the many building materials designed to create coziness and comfort in the house, tile is not the last place. It is usually used for rooms with high humidity. A wide variety of colors and shapes of tiles allows you to decorate the surface of walls and floor, making them more attractive elements of the interior. How to lay out the tile in the bathroom? Everyone asked this question, having learned the price of these works on the market. The laying of tiles is of no particular complexity.
Tile is a reliable, durable and tested finishing material for the walls and floor of the bathroom.
Types of tiles
The main ingredient of the tile is clay. To it add various substances, dyes, and in the end it is fired. From the material that is used for making tiles, the variety of its species depends. Pressed or ceramic granite is used for the floor in the bathroom, kitchen, hall. Very often a warm floor is installed under it.
Ways of laying tiles.
Clinker tiles are made by extruding a mixture of clay, used for the facing surface of facades, pools, walls and floors. It is very pliable to use, so the most difficult places in the bathroom or kitchen can fill them.
Glazed tile on its surface has a layer of glass with ornament. Does not absorb water, but a professional must work with it.
Unglazed tile has a uniform thickness, coloring pigment, but there is no decorative design.
Facing works in the bathroom or kitchen directly depend on a competent choice of tiles.
Laying on the floor
If you have decided to independently carry out construction work, first of all acquire the necessary tools. They include:
- the spirit level (level);
- building cord;
- marker, marker;
- slats (50x25 mm);
- Toothed, rubber spatula;
- Master OK;
- mounting crosses for tiles;
- glass cutter;
- saw for cutting tiles;
- a hammer;
The scheme of facing the floor with tiles.
Now you need to decide on the type of masonry. It can be parallel (the most common), "on the fly" and diagonally.
Stages of laying tiles in the bathroom with their own hands begin with measurements of length, width, height of the room and the work of the necessary calculations. The number of tiles and glue mass will depend on them.
Before you put ceramic tiles in the bathroom with your own hands, you need to carefully prepare the surface. Any roughness and roughness will prevent smooth laying.
Therefore, before starting work, all the holes on the walls or floor must be plastered. Then, using a trowel brush, align these surfaces and remove the remnants of the putty.
According to the masters, it is very convenient to start laying from the floor.
Horizontal reference lines will help to properly start the facing of the walls. Work is carried out from the far corner of the room from the entrance door. To make accurate measurements, attach a ruler to the wall, attach a corner to it and extend the lines to the opposite side with a tape measure. This line should be perpendicular to the wall. It is a guide for one side of each tile. Between the tiles need to put mounting crosses for the same thickness of the seams. Remove them only after the adhesive has completely dried.
The glue is applied with a special notched trowel to make the application surface more uniform. If we put the tiles in the bathroom with our own hands, we pre-moisten it in water. Due to this, the tile is easy to align.
Cladding the floor in the bathroom, you need to try to bypass the water faucets, the outlets of plumbing pipes, built-in cabinets, mounting boxes. Drill a small hole with a diamond drill, and if they are non-standard, then use a jigsaw with a tungsten filing.
Layout of tiling on the wall.
Usually, when moving to walls, they push off from the place where the mirror will be. To do this, mark on the wall its contours and add to them 2-3 mm. Try to have to the right and left of the mirror an equal number of whole tiles. Some masters use the tape measure to mark the lines where the tile will be located, so as not to make a mistake and not move away from the level.
Before you put the tiles in the bathroom, walls should preferably be primed with a special solution that is available in any construction shop. After drying, you can proceed directly to the masonry itself. Start a new row with whole tiles. If the walls in the bathroom are vertical, they do not have bends, then when laying with displacement, the part of the tile left from the previous row will coincide with the next one.
Pass the places where there are sockets, switches, places for fixing shelves, lamps. To drill it, you can not drill a hole. Therefore, it is better to hide them using a glue mixture or powder for grouting.
The way to put the tile, you already know. Now proceed to the processing of seams.
A few days after the masonry, you can start grouting the joints. To do this, first remove the mounting crosses from all surfaces. Then, under the color of your tile, pick up the powder for grouting. In the proper proportions dilute it with water. Use a rubber spatula to fill the seams between the tiles. Its flexible surface allows the mixture to penetrate deep into the thickness of the seams and fill them completely. After drying, remove any remaining powder with a trowel brush.
Inexperienced masters very carefully and with caution spread the tile. But in modern conditions, having a rich information space, you can get the necessary recommendations on how to lay a tile, and start working safely. Over time, there will be confidence, experience will come, skills and skill will increase several times. Do not be afraid, try your strength. What can be better and more pleasant?