In order to get a perfect floor covering, it is not necessary to turn to professionals for help, this also applies to tiling. The main thing in this business is to observe the technology and properly prepare the surface from which it is necessary to work. Laying the tile will be a success, if you choose the right material before the process. It is necessary to consider the purpose for which the premises will be used. This is important, because if you choose a tile with increased shockproof characteristics and put it in the bathroom space that a small family will use, then the owners will overpay for performance characteristics that will not be in demand. That is why during the purchase process, attention should be paid to the marking, which is presented by the manufacturer on the package.
The rules for laying tiles on the floor in the bathroom.
The laying technology provides for a preliminary check of the base for strength and reliability. The floor must have an ideal geometry and have a flat surface. Its material should be distinguished by high adhesion properties with the adhesive mixture. Mounting can be tiled on the floor, which is based on any material, whether it is a self-leveling mixture, concrete, wood or a floor heating system.
The process of laying tiles on a wooden floor can be started only if its quality is unmistakable: the linens must be strong, do not show signs of decay, their body should not be damaged by insects and biological organisms. If some floorboards are a bit dry, then they just need to give the fortress by driving the screws, while the floor should be supplemented with as many ventilation openings as possible.
Before laying the tile, it is necessary to lay a layer of polyethylene film on the floor surface, the cloth of which must be mounted with the formation of an overlap.
Layout of floor tiles.
Replace the named material can be foamed polyurethane, which will provide waterproofing. Next, lay the gypsum fiber sheets, do this so that each sheet of the next row is offset from the previous one by ½. This indicates that it is necessary to start the flooring of the first row by applying a whole sheet, and in the next row, one that is cut in half should be applied.
The resulting joints must be treated with waterproofing mastic or PVA, and a primer should be applied to the surface, which will improve the adhesion quality. Before laying the tile on a wooden floor, it can be leveled with plywood canvases.
If the base is in good condition, it is permissible to limit yourself to cosmetic alignment, which involves laying a steel mesh over the waterproofing, which will ensure a strong adhesion to the tile.
If in a room a concrete floor with an old linoleum or paint, from the coatings to be disposed of, then the level will help to determine whether the evenness of the substrate is normal.
Floor Screed Scheme.
If the differences are too great, it is necessary to level them with a layer of screed, the solution for which should be prepared from sand and cement. At low levels of the drop, the concrete surface should be covered with a steel mesh, but this must be done after the base has been cleaned of dust and treated with a primer with the qualities of deep penetration. The process of laying the tiles after the arrangement of the screed can be started after a month. Readiness can be checked by making deep scratches at different points of the surface. With strong edges, concrete can be used for work. If the room is supposed to install a warm floor, then you should know about the specifics of its preparation. Lay the tile on the floor, if it is equipped with a heating system, you can start after turning off the heating. Tiles can be mounted on the surface of thermal mats, but for this you need to buy the appropriate tile composition.
Tiles can be laid on the floor, creating multicolored panels or monochrome surfaces. In any case, the installation is performed according to one of the existing schemes. When using one-color products, you can work on one of the options below. The basic seam technology in the seam involves laying the material in each successive row in the same sequence as in the previous one. This method will save you money.
The scheme of the device of a floor with a tile covering.
The technology may involve stitching the seam along the diagonal. At the same time laying tiles involves the formation of rows at an angle of 45 °. This method, on the contrary, assumes a large consumption of tiles. If you intend to create an interior in the style of any of the epochs, it is recommended to use the method of ransacking, in which the seams of the next row should shift relative to the previous one. If you start laying from the most visible angle, you need to use a basic circuit that allows you to use the largest number of entire products in visible areas. Tiles, which will have to be cut, it is permissible to mount where furniture or other components of the interior will be installed. To put a tile on this technology follows, paying special attention to the installation of the first three products, which must be carefully aligned, since it is from them that the quality of the laying will depend.
You can start laying the tile from the middle of the wall. This method is suitable when applying the technique of laying unrestricted. Before starting the work, it is necessary to mark the middle of the wall from which the installation will be carried out. The zero point will be taken as a basis, and the next rows need to be mounted on the right and left in relation to the center line of the starting product. The process should be accompanied by a horizontal analysis: the edges of the two mating products must be on the same level. If the tile is to be installed in a room that has a complex geometry, the work can begin from the central part of the room. Before starting work on the floor, two lines should be drawn at a right angle, the point of their intersection will become the place where the starting product should be located. The following tiles must be mounted, directing them to the walls. Tiles will be located near stationary sanitary devices. In these places fragments of cut tiles should be mounted symmetrically.
Options for laying tiles.
Tile is usually used in tandem with a cement-sand mixture, which is necessary to shut, taking into account the proportion for cement and sand, equal to 1: 3. The tile is mounted on a pre-arranged layer of the mixture, the thickness of which is equal to the limit of 5 to 20 mm, which will depend on the differences in the base. Lay tiles on the floor can be using modern polymer-cement compositions that are characterized by high adhesion and are able to guarantee strength, while it is permissible to lay a layer 3-8 mm thick.
The tile can also be mounted on cementless adhesive compositions that are intended for special cases, such as the presence of an unremovable paint layer. If the tile is to be laid in the space of an unheated room, you should purchase frost-resistant glue for it. Put tiles on the floor, the basis of which is wood, follows with the use of a special composition, for its preparation it is necessary to mix the cement-sand mixture with PVA.
Before laying the tile on the floor, the composition must be applied to the product and on the base, so that the lines from the spatula are located at different angles, this will guarantee the quality of the adhesion of the materials. Instructions for the preparation of cement-sand mixture indicates the need to use the mortar during half an hour, so at a time you need to prepare a small portion.
Tools for laying tiles.
Before starting work, it is necessary to soak the tiles for 30 minutes, immersing it in warm water. After the tile is laid on the floor, it should be slightly pressed and taped with a rubber mallet. If there are tile beacons available, they should be aligned with the product, whereas each subsequent tile should be aligned with the previous one.
The tile must be laid with restrictive crosses, which will allow obtaining the same width of the seam. As soon as it is possible to mount the tile on the floor in the amount of several tiles, it is necessary to get rid of excess amount of the solution, using thus a wet rag.
If we lay the tile using a polymer-cement composition, the rag must be wetted in a solvent. If the product fails to be laid correctly, it must be removed from the adhesive layer, the new layer is laid and leveled, and then the tile is mounted again.
In the process of laying the tile before installing each new product, it is necessary to spread the layer of the mixture over the area exceeding the perimeter of one product. It is inadmissible to put the mortar on the corners of the tile if there are voids in it - this will reduce the strength of the floor during operation.
When laying ceramic tiles, after tapping the product, tap it with a hammer-mallet until a deaf sound is heard.
To carry out the laying process, it is necessary to prepare:
- putty knife;
- rubber hammer;
During the laying of tiles you can not do without adjusting the products to the size, while using a portable tile cutter, it is able to guarantee the accuracy of compliance with a size of up to 1 mm. After the masonry is finished, you can proceed to grouting the seams.