Installing a bath on bricks, stands - this is a fairly simple process. It is quite another matter when, for whatever reason, the stand under the required bathtub can not be installed or is not available. When working in small-sized or difficult-to-plan rooms, the bath with its own hands made of bricks will allow using the useful area to the maximum and realize original design solutions.
With the help of brick supports you can understand the bathroom at any necessary height.
Tools and materials
Works carried out in the bathroom can be divided into waterproofing and masonry. Accordingly, the list of required materials will include:
Scheme of installation of acrylic bath.
- rolled waterproofing materials (ruberoid, dense polyethylene film, membranes);
- omazochnaya waterproofing (bitumen, waterproofing mastics, liquid glass);
- masonry material (red brick, moisture-resistant building blocks);
- reinforcing mesh;
- plastering and masonry mixtures.
Installation of a bath on bricks requires a minimum set of necessary tools:
- mixer (instead of a specialized tool you can use an electric drill or perforator with nozzles);
- solution capacity;
- tools for making masonry (trowel, spatula);
- a building level and a square to check the rectangularity of the corners.
Installing the bathtub
The installation in the bathroom installation on the bricks instead of the fasteners-supports justifies itself in non-standard situations. For example, if it is not possible, for some reason, to purchase stands. This type of installation is justified in the case of erecting a dull, non-removable screen covering the space below the bathroom.
Serious preparatory work is not required in this case. Typically, the installation of the bath on the bricks is carried out after the implementation of waterproofing the floor and its joints with the walls.
The scheme of installation of a bathroom on a brick basis.
It is best to use red burned brick for work. It is most resistant to moisture and has sufficient mechanical strength.
Immediately before work, the bricks should be soaked in a bucket of water for 10-15 minutes. If this is not done and use a dry material, the moisture will be absorbed directly from the solution, which will result in weakening the masonry.
In general, silicate bricks can be used to install supports. But it is worthwhile to understand that in case of leaks on the supports, water will directly act. Such material will start to collapse quickly enough, and then all efforts for installation will be useless.
To ensure that the installation of the bath on the bricks is reliable, the erect supports must have a concave shape that repeats the shape of the bath. Stands are laid out half a brick thick. Depending on the required height, two rows (or more) are built. Then, half the bricks are placed on the edges of the mortar. Adding a masonry solution forms a smooth concave line of the seat.
After the final hardening of the masonry (after 1-2 days), the bath is installed on ordinary bricks. To prevent damage to the casing or slip, use protective gaskets made of dense rubber.
The scheme of installation of a bathroom on a brick basis with installation of the screen and hermetic sealing of joints.
Before starting to work, it is necessary to install the drain into the sewage system and additional fasteners, which ensure the full fixation of the bath body. As fasteners, additional supports can be used to support and fix the perimeter of the bath.
The space under the bathroom can be covered with an additional decorative screen, which, if made of brick, can play the role of additional support. The material and principles of production are the same as for the manufacture of supports. It is permissible when using the screen to use building blocks of foam concrete of small size.
In the case of constructing a decorative barrier, the bath is actually installed on the retaining wall. Outside, the entire structure looks like a monolith. In fact, the structure will consist of walls, a base of bricks and a liner resting on them (the body of the bath).
Manufacture of a structure
There is an option for making a bath with your own hands made of bricks. This is quite a serious construction, and its construction must be weighed.
The scheme of connection of a sink and a bath to pipelines of hot and cold water and the water drain.
The most important point is the evaluation of the load-bearing capacity of the slabs. In comparison with the installation of a bath for bricks, the amount of brickwork here will be much larger, especially if large, non-standard dimensions are envisaged. The weight of such a design can reach up to 2 tons.
Important is the thoroughest waterproofing of the floor and walls, along the perimeter of which construction is planned. Basically, a homemade bath of brick is a micro-pool in the apartment.
Before starting the construction of the bath, it is necessary to conduct preliminary waterproofing works.
Places of joints of walls to the planned mark of bath height and joints of walls with a floor along its perimeter are smeared with liquid waterproofing materials. You can use liquid glass or bitumen, but it is best to use specialized mastics.
The surface of the floor and walls along the perimeter of the future structure is covered in 2-3 layers with roll-up waterproofing materials. In stores, the choice of such materials is extremely wide, and anyone can be selected that satisfies both the characteristics and the cost.
The waterproofing is adhered by the mastic to the surface of both the wall and the previous layer.
The joints of individual sheets should overlap each other by 10-15 cm and should be smeared with an additional layer of mastic.
The construction of the bath begins with the installation of a sewage drain. For its additional fixation, it can rely on small supports from the bricks placed under it. A more reliable way of supporting the drain can be realized using sanitary tubing clamps. This clamp has in its composition a powerful screw, which is screwed into the pre-installed dowel at the required depth.
The base of the bath can be made entirely of bricks or in order to save and facilitate the weight of the structure part of the volume filled with compacted expanded clay.
Then the walls are made of bricks. Distinctive is the erection of the walls along the perimeter. External masonry is done in half a brick or brick. Masonry adjacent to existing walls can be carried out in half a brick or even a quarter.
To strengthen strength in the masonry mortar, it is possible to add liquid glass and additionally use reinforcement.
On the inside, another, additional layer of waterproofing is arranged. Over it, reinforcing mesh is installed, plastering of the inner surface is carried out.
It is desirable to round the inner corners with a solution. To use such a bath will be more pleasant. Rounded corners are more convenient to clean.
After the final drying and hardening of all layers, you can proceed to the decorative finish. There is open space for imagination. and everyone is free to choose the color and design to their liking.
The bath with its own hands will allow rational and more efficient use of available space, avoid unreasonably high financial costs for the purchase of non-standard equipment.