In most cases, the bathroom is a small room. If you decide to repair the ceilings in the apartment, start with the bathroom. By leveling, painting or arranging a false ceiling in a small room with your own hands, you will gain experience and then be able to cope with the repair of large surfaces.
Scheme of installation of suspended ceiling from PVC panels.
2 ways to restore
The ceiling in the bathroom can be repaired in two ways.
- Plaster, zashpatlevat and paint over.
- To make a suspension structure.
The advantage of the first method is that after painting the height of the room does not change. The disadvantage of the procedure is its labor intensity. In addition, such a ceiling repair can not be called pure work. Arranging the suspended ceiling, you will achieve a better leveling, but the room will be lower by at least 5 cm. Consider both technologies for the restoration of the ceiling, and which way you will like, you can choose for yourself based on financial capabilities, needs and preferences.
Preparation of scaffolding
To repair the overlap, you need to install a platform from which (without going down and not moving it) you can get to any point of the ceiling. To make a reliable flooring, the plumbing equipment is best removed from the bath. The height of building scaffolds should be such that you effortlessly reach the ceiling, but do not rest against it with your head. The most unstable elements of flooring are areas near the ends of boards or slabs, under which there is often no support. The flooring must be securely fastened.
If you decide to paint the ceiling, prepare the following:
Scheme for painting the ceiling.
- putty knife;
- Master OK;
- antifungal impregnation;
- a deep penetration primer;
- Sandpaper or sanding machine with grinding nozzle;
- brush and roller;
- water-emulsion paint and containers for it.
Water-based paint is best suited for use in damp areas, as it can withstand moisture and temperature changes.
First, remove the old colorful coating from the ceiling. If the ceiling is painted with water-based paint, remove it simply - you need to moisten the surface with water and after a while remove the paint with a layer of putty with a spatula until the concrete. After that, all the peeling fragments of the plaster are removed. The surface is impregnated with an antifungal agent, and the cavities and cracks are sealed with a solution, after hardening, a primer is applied to the ceiling. If it dried, the ceiling is shpatlyuetsya, and then cleaned with abrasive material. After removing dust, the bathroom ceiling is painted in 2 layers. During filling and staining, the luminaire must be in the same place as it will be installed after repair.
It is more difficult for a water-based coating to prepare a surface that was previously painted with oil paint. It can penetrate deep into the ceiling, and it is uncomfortable to knock it off the ceiling. Remove all that exfoliates, degrease the ceiling and treat the painted surface with an abrasive. It will become more rough. After impregnating the hollows of the antifungal and fixing the mortar, apply a primer and zashpatlyuyte ceiling. After that, paint it in 2 layers.
If you are not sure that you can qualitatively level and paint over the ceiling, make it repair with plasterboard. To do this you will need:
Scheme of the first and second layers of the putty on the ceiling.
- UD- and CD-profiles (wooden bars in the bathroom should not be installed);
- self-tapping screws;
- perforator and screwdriver;
- grinder or scissors for metal;
- roulette and level;
- chalk and pencil;
- building knife.
First, repair the ceiling by covering cracks and potholes, soaking the surface with an antifungal compound and a moisture-resistant primer.
On the walls, use the level to apply a horizontal line. Cut the UD profiles according to the length of the walls. Make holes in the slats every 30 cm. Attach the profiles to the walls and mark them with markings. Drill holes in them and drive in the dowels. Secure the UD. In parallel, short walls every 40 cm insert into UD CD-profiles (in a small room you can do without hanging). Pull the UD and CD with the screws. Insert the wiring for the fixtures into the frame.
Cut the moisture-resistant GCR, cut out the holes for the lighting devices. Handle the back of the plasterboard with a moisture resistant primer and screw it to the frame every 15 cm. The gap between the walls and the GCR must be 0.5 cm. The seams between the sheets should be covered with a serpy coat, close the joints and the fixing holes with putty. Prime the ceiling and zashpatlyuyte again. After surface cleaning, apply a finishing coat. The crevices between the ceiling and the wall are covered with ceiling skirting boards.
The ceiling can be finished with plastic panels. In this case, the crate is perpendicular to them. Plates are attached to it with screws or staples. Another way involves gluing plastic to the ceiling itself.