Rack-mounted suspended ceiling is a good finishing construction material not only for offices. For quite some time already it began to be installed in apartment houses and apartments. He is particularly popular in rooms with high humidity. Reechny ceiling is easy to do with their own hands, which significantly saves the family budget.
Rack ceiling in the room is popular due to the ease of self-installation.
Selecting the ceiling
Before buying a lath ceiling, you need to determine its types of assembly system:
Elements of the design of the rack ceiling.
- Open system. During installation, the slots between the slats are closed with special inserts.
- Closed system. Reiki are mounted with each other. On the surface of the ceiling there are small blind gaps.
- The gapless system. This kind of mounting system allows you to create a flat surface of the ceiling, on which you can not see the docking points of the rails.
Manufacturers of slatted ceilings offer a wide range of goods. The consumer is given a large palette of both classical colors and modern, bright colors. The ceiling in the bathroom or another room can really be made unusual if you pick up slats of contrasting colors or make mirror inserts. In addition, the panels come in a variety of lengths, widths, and also with perforations.
Tools and materials
To independently make a rack suspended ceiling, you will need a standard type of tools. Namely:
To install the rack ceiling you will need: a hammer, a knife, a tape measure and a pencil, a screwdriver and screws, a level and a drill.
- drill or screwdriver;
- scissors for metal;
- building level;
- self-tapping screws;
- comb (stringers);
- guide profile;
- hangers (mini-pendants).
There is no point in buying expensive tools if they are not at home. In this case, the sense of saving from repair by yourself is lost. A drill or a puncher (which is most often not enough) can be rented or borrowed.
Calculation of materials
When installing, use the level.
It is worth noting that the rack suspended ceilings for the bathroom or any other room start to install only after all other repairs are done. The ceiling is the final chord.
Before buying panels and other materials, it is necessary to calculate them so they do not have to be bought or discarded.
The main surface of the ceiling, which will be composed of panels, is equal to its area. That is, multiply the width of the room by its length and get the required number of panels (in square centimeters). The profile is purchased according to the calculation of the perimeter of the room.
To find out the required length of the stringer, it is necessary to make the ceiling marking perpendicular to the planned direction of the rails, while drawing parallel lines at a distance of 1 m. The necessary length of the stringer will be equal to the sum of the lengths of parallel lines.
The ceiling height level is chosen according to the room features and personal preferences.
Installation begins with a marking of places of fastening of a false ceiling. If the ceiling is level, without slopes, then at the necessary height on all walls a horizontal line is drawn, which will serve as a guide for fixing the U-shaped profile. One of the advantages of the rack ceiling is that under it you can hide passing communication systems or other irregularities. If there is nothing on the ceiling of the bathroom that should be hidden from the eyes, then the suspended ceiling is lowered only by 50 mm. It will be necessary to make more indent from the main ceiling in the event that the lighting of the room is made by built-in lights.
Scheme of installation of the rack ceiling.
From the corners of the wall on both sides, lay 5 cm and with a drill make holes for the fasteners for the profile. Other holes for the fasteners are drilled in 50 cm steps. Using a self-tapping screw or dowel, a U-shaped profile is attached. After the entire profile has been completely fixed, proceed to the fastening of the suspensions. Suspensions may be different, but for convenience it is better to use adjustable ones. This function will easily adjust (level) the surface of the ceiling. Suspensions are fixed with a step of 1 m relative to each other, and the distance from the wall to the extreme hangers is 40 cm.
After fixing all the suspensions begin to install stringers. Between the stringer and the wall there should be a gap of up to 1 cm. The gap will ensure that the stretch ceiling is not deformed due to the temperature difference in the room.
Mounting and installation
The standard length of the rail is 3 or 4 m. The fastening process starts with cutting the panels to the size of the room. With the slats remove the protective film and insert between the teeth of the stringer. A click is used to confirm that the rack is fixed. Thus, the entire ceiling is "recruited". The installation is completed most often by the fact that the last rail needs to be made already. For this, having retreated the required distance, an incision is made along the length of the clerical knife. On the part to be cut, perpendicular incisions are made and the obtained pieces are broken off (by flexion-extensor movements). After getting rid of the excess reiki, its cut edge is inserted into the wall profile.
For ease of installation, it is recommended that you first put the last, and then the penultimate, rail.
If an open suspended ceiling system was chosen, the slots between the racks are closed with inserts.
If the area of the room is large, then for an accurate docking of the laths it is necessary to additionally purchase intermediate inserts.
Between the main and suspended ceiling, it is necessary to lay an electrical cable for the fixtures and determine their location. In the place where the lamp will be installed, make a mark and outline the diameter of the required circle of the hole under the lamp. A clerical knife from the center of the diameter of the marked circle makes a cut to its edge. The obtained sectors are not broken off, but are bent inside.
When installing a false ceiling, the slats should be correctly positioned. Preferably, they are located along the direction of the incident light from the window. But if the room is corridor-type, then it is better to mount the stripes of racks across, which will allow to visually expand the room. A square room can be painted unusually, if the panels are arranged diagonally.
Very beautiful, but difficult for a man who independently performs the installation of a false ceiling for the first time, is a design in which the strips are "recruited" in various directions.