For a long period, linoleum acted as the most common floor covering. Today, coating options have become more diverse. To replace the mentioned material, PVC tiles came, which has all the advantages inherent in linoleum. Among other things, PVC tile is convenient for transportation, it is easier to lay, and it allows designers to implement new designs.
The structure of PVC-tiles.
The PVC-based tile has several layers, the upper one of which is based on transparent synthetics, which gives the material strength and resistance to abrasion. The middle layer is colored polyvinyl chloride, due to which the material acquires color and pattern, and the lower layer - fiberglass or similar material, which acts as a base, providing a strong grip. This material is not afraid of water and does not change the linear dimensions under its influence. This indicates the ability to produce PVC tiles in the bathroom or kitchen space. If one or more tiles are damaged under any circumstances, there will be no need to change the entire coating. It is necessary to replace the element that has become unusable.
Tiles in the process of laying can be combined in color, which will allow you to get different versions of drawings. The material is economical and will cost less than traditional tiles, parquet or laminate. PVC coating allows you to obtain a floor with noise insulation characteristics.
Layout layout of the room for laying PVC-tiles.
To tile the tile is extremely easy, for this you need to use a wallpaper knife. In order to provide easier cutting of tiles, it must be heated with a hair dryer beforehand.
The installation of PVC tiles should be done with a perfectly flat surface, otherwise it will not be possible to achieve unnoticeable seams, which requires an ideal coating based on PVC. If this condition is not met, water may leak under the tile base. This will cause the material to become unstuck, which will lead to mold. Despite the advantages of the described coating, it can lose its original color in a short time. Installation of PVC tiles is not recommended in the space of children's rooms and bedrooms, because the material is not unnatural.
Rarely the surface of the floor is characterized by an ideal evenness. This is what PVC-based tiles require, so if even the floor is concrete, then a new screed needs to be poured onto its surface. If you want to work with a floor, the base of which is covered with any kind of substrate, for example, polyethylene or a stopper, then you need to get rid of them, and then perform alignment work.
Laying of the finish coat can be carried out on concrete, whose permissible moisture content is 2.5% or less. When measuring this index, it is customary to use a hygrometer. Once the concrete has reached the desired level of humidity, its surface must be treated with a primer, which must also dry. If the surface of the floor has a finish coating in the form of ceramic tiles, then it should be poured with a small layer of self-leveling composition.
Lay the tile can and on the surface of the concrete floor, but it is preferable to lay plywood, which will allow you to get the floor, which will become more insulated.
Laying of the coating will be done with a lower consumption of glue if the plywood is covered with a primer.
Scheme of direct laying of compacted PVC tiles.
If you decide to prefer the option of laying PVC coating on the surface of the underfloor heating system, you need to make sure that the heating elements are recessed into the concrete. After the tile is laid on the base of the warm floor, the latter can not be put into operation for another month. But you need to disconnect the system one day before the start of the paving. Subsequently, the temperature of heating the warm floor should not be increased by more than 28 ° C.
The laying process should be carried out after the purchase of the material, the calculation of which must be carried out as follows. To begin with, it is necessary to determine the area of the floor to be covered, and afterwards - the area of one tile. The first value should be divided into the second, and to the obtained figure add 15%, which are necessary for trimming and possible marriage when stacking.
Laying of the cover can be made after its acclimatization, for this, the tile must be brought into the room a day before the start of the work. The temperature in the room should not fall below 15 ° C, but it should not exceed 20 ° C. The tile should be laid on a previously dust-free substrate, which can be achieved with a vacuum cleaner. After that, you can mark out the floor, for which you have to put a point in the center of each side. A marking cord will connect the opposite points to each other and repel the line on the floor. This procedure will help mark the center of the floor. If the laying is done diagonally, then such a marking must be made between opposite angles diagonally. There are other options for laying, including straight, but in order to take it as a basis, you need to be sure that the walls are perfectly even.
Tools for laying PVC-tiles.
Some materials and tools are to be prepared for the work:
- rubber roller;
- notched trowel;
- PVC tiles;
- a wallpaper knife;
- marking cord.
Installation of tiles
Laying of the PVC-based coating should be done using high-quality PVA glue, however, the composition, created for PVC tiles, is the most suitable option. You can buy a tile, which has a lower self-adhesive layer, then the purchase of glue can be avoided.
The tiles must be stacked, starting from the marked center line. Before gluing the tile, the material should be laid out on the floor surface to understand which elements require trimming.
Cutting should be made from the front side of the product. In order to cut the tile along the curve of the line, it is necessary to prepare a template made on a thick cardboard, which will allow the tile to be cut evenly.
Varieties of PVC-tiles.
In order for the dry tile to be laid after it has been properly assembled permanently, the elements can be numbered using a marker. To put marks it is necessary from the back of a surface of a product. There is a tile, the producers of which depict on the reverse side of the arrows. They must indicate one direction when laying. Laying of PVC coating is carried out after application of adhesive composition to the surface of the product and floor by means of a notched trowel, the teeth of which are 3-4 mm. Cover the floor with glue at a time should not more than 2 rows of products. Once the tile has been applied to the floor surface, it should be pressed with your hands, keeping in this position for 5-7 seconds.
After every 3 m² of laid tiles, the surface must be treated with a rubber roller, which will allow you to get rid of the excess air that has accumulated under the coating and guarantees the quality of the tiles.
From the fixation of the elements near the wall should be discarded on the first day of the installation of the coating, you can postpone this procedure even for two days. This is due to the fact that the tiles laid in the center may be slightly displaced during the drying of the glue.
After 2 days you can install all pieces of furniture on the floor, ennobled with tiles. Further care for the coating can be done by wet cleaning with soft means. In order to exclude the deformation of the tiles, it is recommended to put felt pads on the legs of furniture.
Laying of tiles made of PVC material is made using the same technology used for laying tiles, however, it is much easier and faster to produce such works, and it is less likely to get a marriage due to inaccurate cutting. The main thing is not to hurry, then all the installation work will be done correctly, and the coating will serve for a very long time.