Wallpaper is one of the most popular decoration materials, used to finish the ceiling and walls of premises. The level of development of modern industry allows producing high-quality wallpaper products that have a long service life.
In view of the fact that the wallpaper quickly lose its attractive appearance, they often have to be repainted.
Sooner or later, wallpaper on walls or ceiling may be worn out, change color, become obsolete or simply get bored. To make repairs in the rooms with their own hands, you need to know how to take off the wall wallpaper. If the wallpaper is modern, then they can be removed better than the old ones. This is due to the fact that their structure is two-layer, which ensures delamination of the wallpaper. Therefore, you can shoot only the top layer of wallpaper, and use the bottom as a substrate.
To update the interior in an easy way means to remove the wallpaper and paste other ones instead. It does not require too much to make the room cozy. For this, you need certain knowledge and skills. Only with the complete removal of the old finishing material can you qualitatively paste new wallpaper.
Tools for removing old wallpaper.
The following recommendations will help correctly to remove the wallpaper, so it is necessary to prepare a number of tools and materials that will be needed during the removal process:
- A steel spatula.
- A tool for removing wallpapers.
- Roller with long pile.
- A metal scraper.
- Paint knife.
Washable wallpaper can be depending on the base layer of paper, vinyl and non-woven. Remove them should be, choosing the appropriate method, which will be convenient for the existing kind of old wallpaper, for example, washable.
Modern wallpaper can be easily separated from the wall, as the paper for pasting walls is glued to a thin layer. While they used to stick to a layer from a newspaper, the removal of such finishing materials was a complicated procedure.
Some modern types are so thin that they do not even need to be removed from the walls, if they are even, so new wallpaper can be glued directly to a layer of old thin wallpaper. You can remove wallpaper of a two-layer type by trowelling the edge of the strip with a spatula, then carefully remove it completely. This does not require pre-wetting the wallpaper, but this type of finishing material is not so common. From the walls, which are covered with plaster, the canvas is removed very carefully, because the material can move away from the walls. To restore it, you may need funds that will be used additionally.
The procedure for removing strips
The scheme of removal of wallpaper by their soaking.
Using a garden sprayer or a sponge to moisten the surface with a strip of wallpaper on it, you should wait a little less than half an hour. If the surface of the wall is not sufficiently moistened, then all procedures are repeated anew. Only after this, you should begin stripping the walls. If you wet the wall excessively, then drops of water will drain over it, so the canvas will dry, and humidification will not occur. The optimum option for wetting the strips is their gradual moistening with a periodic check of the process of leaving the paper from the surface of the walls. To accelerate the process of wetting, hot water is used.
When cleaning certain areas of the wall, the scraper is used. It is important not to damage the layer of plaster with the tool. To remove the stripes begin in those areas where the seams pass, paying special attention to places that are near the sockets and switches. Perform stripping only after turning off the power.
Planning the pasting of walls with the same kind of material, the surface is cleaned. If the house is old, then cleaning is carried out to the very layer of plaster, and if the house is new - to the surface of concrete or from the soil.
Washable wallpaper removal options.
If you leave old wallpaper on the walls, they will start to swell from excessive moisture and fall behind. To stick new canvases on such a wall does not follow, since the surface will have various defects. In general, the new surface will be compressed, the wallpaper will begin to twist and then lag behind the wall.
When all materials are removed, it is not necessary to produce a wet wall cleaning. If they were very difficult to remove, then for further processing use pumice, but you can use the emery stone. Otherwise, the walls will be covered with small particles, that is, the remains of an old wallpaper.
Remove old washable wallpaper can be according to general principles, and if the paper is sometimes glued in places, then these areas can be subjected to stripping.
To this end, a moistened piece of cotton cloth cover the necessary space and iron it with a hot iron. This option is very effective.
In order to remove washable wallpaper, small incisions must be made on them.
Under washable wallpaper means the presence of a suitable coating of moisture-resistant material. Before removing them, you must scratch them with a scraper or roller. Through them, water falls under the strips, which will make it easy to remove the canvases. If you try to remove washable wallpaper without water, then this will not give the desired result. Here you can not use a special composition for stripping.
The process of removing washable wallpaper is almost the same as removing conventional vinyl or non-woven fabrics. First of all, it is necessary to deal with the removal of the top washable layer, which is waterproof. It is best to begin the dismantling by tearing the wallpaper with a spatula from the bottom corner. It is not difficult to remove the top layer. If there are difficulties in removing washable cloths that are difficult to remove, then steam strippers are usually used. The steam sole is pressed tightly against each of the sections, which is problematic.
If the farm does not have a steam unit, then it is replaced with an iron with a steam function. In any case, you need to use a rag to conduct it on a hot iron. After that, the remaining wallpaper from the wall is removed with water and a hard brush. If you can not achieve the desired result when the wallpaper is soaked, that is, when glueing the wall with glue "Bustilat" or PVA, then in this case also take a piece of cloth, before wetting it in water. On the fabric hold a hot iron, and the wallpaper is scraped until they have cooled. If there are residues of glue that can not be removed in the usual way, it must be removed using an emery cloth. If there are irregularities on the wall, then they shpaklyuyut.
To avoid yellowness on the bands that have been recently glued, the existing acid-base balance on the wall is checked using litmus bills. If its color has changed, then the wall is treated with a soil that penetrates deeply, so that the new strips can not become covered with impurities and yellowness.
Washable wallpaper always have a two-layer structure. The first layer is the base, which can be glued to the wall. The base can be non-woven and paper. The necessary moisture resistance is ensured by the presence of a second layer, which can be polyvinyl chloride or vinyl, which provides the decor.
Thus, it is not necessary to remove the first layer, which is basic. Removes only the outer decorative moisture-proof layer. If the base is glued qualitatively, then it is left on the wall. For complete removal of paper vinyl washable wallpaper, first remove the outer layer, and then scrape off the soaked base with a metal spatula.