For many years ceramic tiles are the most popular material for the bathroom. It is the tiled system that has the greatest advantages over facing from other materials.
The tile in the bathroom is laid on the walls and on the floor.
Preparation of premises
Laying tiles on the walls of the room is somewhat different from how to lay a tile around the tub, but the beginning is one - measuring the surface and calculating the required number of all materials. If you intend to put products of the same color and without decorative elements, you need to calculate the necessary amount of material in square meters based on the total area of the future cladding. You need to buy about 5-7% more than the estimated amount (marriage and combat). Decorative elements are considered pieces, and borders - running meters.
Technical characteristics of bathroom tiles.
You need to buy after determining the required amount of material and used decorative and finishing elements. Including several tiles with a pattern or tiles in a different shade, you can create an original and expressive pattern on the walls of the bathroom.
Today, the market of finishing materials offers an extensive range of ceramic tiles. For the bathroom, the most suitable is the tile. Choosing better products of famous brands, tk. savings can turn into very quickly additional costs for repairs.
For a floor in a bathroom it is necessary to choose the highest class of durability - the fifth, for walls quite will approach 1-2 class. According to the degree of moisture absorption - choose the highest resistance to moisture. For the floor is better to buy items with a relief pattern, because on a smooth surface there is a danger of slipping.
Stacking on walls
Before laying the tile around the tub, it is necessary to prepare the room and all the surfaces for laying. Bath, if it is not planned to be changed, should be covered with polyethylene film, and wrap all pipes, tubes and taps with thick paper or cardboard. Clear the walls of the old tile, plaster and paint. Laying tiles is easier and more reliable on concrete walls.
For a more reliable adhesion of the adhesive composition to the wall surface, it must be thoroughly primed. Use a special primer for rooms with high humidity.
Adhesive composition is sold in the building materials store. It is necessary to prepare it, strictly adhering to the enclosed instruction. However, experienced tilers recommend glue "Ceresite 17" mixed with cement in a proportion of 3: 1. Such a composition is proposed as the optimal one. clean "Ceresite 17" is too rigidly attached and the tile can break. It is important to stir the adhesive to the consistency of thick sour cream. For mixing it is necessary to use a drill with a special nozzle.
The scheme of laying tiles on the walls of the bathroom.
Before you start laying the tiles around the bathroom, you need to map out the level lines, i.e. Horizontal lines that run through the walls of the room. This line is conducted using any level, not by eye.
Begin to lay the tile from the bottom. First it is necessary to lay out one row of tiles without glue, so that you do not have to cut off the edges in the docking areas. And if you want to cut off part of the tile at the docking site, it is better to make a cut at the beginning of the row, so that it falls on the doorway. Thus, the tiles will be saved, and the finish will look more attractive. Now you can put the tile on the glue. Applying adhesive mass is more convenient on the wall (not on the tile).
It is more rational to do laying on small plots, about 4-6 tiles in height. In order for the tile to lie smoothly, it is necessary to mark the lines of chalking with a chalk, beforehand, using a plumb line, designate a vertical row. On how accurately the first row will be laid out, the accuracy of laying all subsequent rows depends.
The glue on the wall is applied with a notched plastic spatula and is well leveled so that air bubbles do not appear in the mass. The tile is applied and pressed by the hand with a slight movement back and forth. The adhesive should be removed immediately with a wooden stick or a plastic spatula. So fit the entire first row, now you need to let it dry (about a day). And only after that you can finish the stowage.
To maintain the gap between the tiles use special plastic crosses.
The clearance between the tiles should be 3-4 mm.
It should be noted that the gap is not only a decorative load, but also a temperature seam. Adjust the gap size with special plastic cross pieces. They are sold complete with tiles or separately in the building store.
If the walls have protruding pipes, switches, sockets or other complex places, then the tile must be cut to size before laying. Cut the tile across the entire width can be tile cutter or Bulgarian, the profiled holes need to be reamed. It is better if the hole is located on the joint of two tiles - such holes can be made with simple pliers, biting off small pieces.
Scheme of grouting joints with a rubber spatula.
Grouting can be started only after the glue has completely dried. For joints use a grout without sand, but it is recommended to add latex or undiluted latex milk. To prepare grout it is necessary in quantity necessary for development at once, it is impossible to store the prepared mass.
Apply the grout to the rubber trowel on the surface of the tile. In this case, the trowel needs to be held at an angle and move diagonally, so that the grout more fully fills the gap between the tiles. Then the surface must be cleaned with warm water using a sponge. The sponge should be well pressed and wipe the surface at an angle to the seams, along the seams can not be rubbed - a part of the grout may be washed off.
Not earlier than 3 weeks, the joints should be treated with sealant. Prior to this, it is necessary to exclude the ingress of water onto the lined surface.
If you plan to close the bath with a screen from the tile, you must first determine how to lay the tile. One option is from a moisture-resistant material (foam, foam concrete or aerated concrete elements) to make a base and then glue the products onto it. The second option - to buy a ready screen, instead of the existing panel to insert the OSB and already on it to stack. The third option is to choose the panel of the screen in one color and style with the bathroom finish and then finish it.
The process of laying the tiles around the bath on the floor also begins with the preparation of the surface. But the requirements for training are much higher. On the surface of the floor there should be no unevenness, the whole area must be clean and even. Any, even a small stone or a piece of frozen concrete can lead to a breakdown of products.
Next you need to choose a material - tile, ceramic tile or granite. Measure the floor area and calculate the required amount of material. To lay the tile is best suited moisture-proof glue mixture. The amount of tile adhesive should be purchased at a rate of 5-6 kg per 1 m². For joint grouting, it is best to purchase a flexible silicone grout.
Layout of tiling on the floor.
You will need:
- Spatula toothed with a tooth height of up to 10 mm.
- Mixer for mixing the glue mixture. You can use a drill with a special nozzle.
- Electric tile cutting machine, but it is possible and manual.
- The hydraulic level is not less than 1 m in length.
A single color tile under different viewing angles has a different shade, so it must first be laid out on the dry floor to plan the future drawing. In addition, you should distribute the tiles on the floor so that the trimmed elements are facing the wall, where they become almost invisible.
The glue on the floor is applied with a trowel and leveled with a notched trowel, the tiles are laid on the adhesive layer and gently pricked with a rubber or wooden kijan with a rubber nozzle. Clearances between tiles are regulated by leveling crosses, which remain until the glue dries. Next comes the grouting process. Grout joints are carried out in the same way as on walls.
The installation of ceramic granite tiles around the bath is performed in the same way as ceramic and tile, but since ceramic granite practically does not absorb moisture, it does not have pores that water could get into, it does not absorb glue.
This means that simple tile glue is not suitable for laying ceramic granite tiles. Securely hold the tile can only special glue - "Glue for ceramic granite."
Considering that the granite itself is an elite material, the floor of it will be much more expensive than the one tiled with tiles or ceramics.
But, considering all the advantages of ceramic granite, it is worth paying attention to it:
- Withstands significant loads.
- Resistant to aggressive chemicals.
- Easily tolerates temperature changes.
- Large selection of colors and sizes.
- Durable and durable material.
Thus, laying tiles in the bathroom is not difficult and quite possible for the master who owns simple tools. Especially since the work of tiler masters is not cheap.