If you decide to decorate the floor in the bathroom with a tile, then you should use the technology that is used when carrying out similar work in the premises of other purposes. And in view of the fact that the building, most likely, has a very limited space, the work will be possible in a much shorter time.
Layout of the layers when installing the tiled floor in the bathroom.
In the bathroom, laying the tiles on the floor can be done with some interruption, which is true for the case if the repair is carried out throughout the room, including in the wall area, as well as the ceiling. As a rule, the bath is installed until the beginning of work with the walls, its installation is made on a tiled surface. Here, the masters often face a question, which is the probability of spoiling a new tile covering by accidentally falling from the hands of heavy objects used in the repair.
Technology of laying tiles on the floor.
In this case, it becomes necessary to lay the tiles on a new one. Specialists advise first to carry out the work on laying the material in the area where the bath is supposed to be installed, then you can begin to finish the walls with the finishing materials of the walls, with the exception of the bottom row, and only after it is permissible to continue working on the remaining floor and lower part of the walls.
If the bathroom has only a shower, then the floor should be laid in the last turn, however, until the bottom wall series with the cut elements is mounted.
Before you put the tile on the floor, the surface should be prepared, these jobs assume alignment.
If the base has insignificant irregularities, then they can be leveled with the help of an adhesive layer, however, in case of large depressions and bumps, neglecting the leveling step will lead to over-consumption of the glue.
Scheme of pie floor for tiles.
In addition, a home master who does not have special skills in conducting such a process will not be able to lay the material on a massive layer of glue, as the products will float.
The bathroom before the alignment process must be cleaned of the old rough coat, which involves the dismantling of the screed. At the next stage the waterproofing layer is laid, and then - a new coating is poured, after the screed gets strength, you can proceed to laying the tile.
If the floor surface is flat, strong and not in need of leveling, then before laying the tile on the floor, it is necessary to clean the base of dust and dirt using a broom or a vacuum cleaner. Then the base can be primed with the use of the Ceresit CT17 composition. The mixture does not need to be prepared in advance, as it is ready for use. The composition must be applied to the surface with the aid of a mackerel. The mixture should be well wiped in the floor, and not simply applied.
This is necessary until a white foam forms on the surface, this will indicate that the screed no longer absorbs the primer.
Technical characteristics of tiles.
Then the floor is left until the complete drying of the primer, which will take about an hour.
This operation is recommended at the end of the day, preparing the surface for further work. In the morning the procedure should be repeated, while drying of the second layer can not wait.
Some masters neglect this stage, going straight to the process of laying the tiles in the bathroom on the floor. However, this procedure is necessary to increase the bonding area, the composition thus penetrates into all pores of the roughing surface, thereby increasing the adhesion characteristics of the materials.
For the same reason, it is necessary to cover a small layer of adhesive and the tile itself.
Principles of application
Before laying the tile, it is necessary to put the composition on the floor. To do this, you need a spatula with denticles, which has a second name - comb. The set spatula, which has a flat working surface, will allow to type the adhesive composition and lay it on the floor, on the surface the mixture should be distributed evenly where the comb should be used. It is necessary to do this by moving the tool in one direction.
Ways of laying ceramic tiles on the floor.
Before you put the tile, it also needs to be treated with glue from the back side. The material of most manufacturers has stamping in the form of an arrow, which is the direction of laying. If you work with a small area of the room, then this nuance will not be so noticeable.
Whereas if the tile is laid on a large territory, the area of which exceeds 20 m2, then a violation of this recommendation will cause expansion or narrowing of the intertitic suture. That's why it is recommended to lay products, turning the arrow in one direction, which can be any as desired by the master.
The directions of the glue strips on the tile and on the floor surface should be facing each other at an angle of 90 °. This will get a better grip.
When carrying out laying work, it is necessary to use the construction level quite actively, only this will allow to obtain an even surface of the cladding. Initially, it is necessary to mount one tile, after - the second, leveling them horizontally, already after producing the laying of the remaining products with a reference point for the first.
Before laying the tile, you should determine the width of the seam. It is important to assess your abilities as a master. In view of the fact that the crosses have a conical shape, this allows you to vary the width of the seam within 1 mm, but such manipulations are only possible by a professional master. That's why it is recommended for a person who does not have experience to expose the cross to full depth, as an alternative solution it is possible to apply the control of the limiter in the same limits, only in this way it will be possible to provide a uniform seam between the products.
Each stacked element should be slightly pushed into the corner, which was formed by the previous products. With a small area, such measures will be invisible, whereas in large areas they will prove to be irreplaceable.
Grout joints are made after the composition for piling is completely dry, which will happen in 2-3 days. Before the beginning of the process, the dry composition for grouting should be diluted with water until the sour cream consistency can be obtained. Fill the joints with a rubber spatula. After the trowelling has dried a little, the seams need to be corrected with a sponge, getting rid of the excess mixture from the surface of the tile by means of a dry rag.
To carry out the work it is necessary to prepare:
- conventional and notched trowels;
- glutinous composition;
- a primer;
Throughout the operation, it is necessary to constantly use the level and the rule that will ensure an even coating. After each element is laid, the edges need to be rid of excess amount of adhesive. It is preferable to lay out the laying works at a time, which is especially true for experienced masters, because after fixing the glue composition, fixing the position of incorrectly laid tiles without damaging the material will be very problematic. If, however, for some reason, it is necessary to interrupt the start of laying, the started row should be completed to the end, after having got rid of the tile adhesive that emerged from under the layer of tiling, it is necessary to clean up not only the surface of the finish, but also the base of the floor before drying.