Bathroom differs from others by high humidity. It affects almost everything. The main indicator of the action of high humidity is the appearance of a gap between the bathroom and the wall. It occurs for a variety of reasons, but more often because of walls that gradually swelled and became uneven. For this reason, the water begins to fall on the floor. The result of the destructive work of water is the appearance of rust, fungus and mold. Sometimes start to appear lice. It is very difficult to dry such a floor. If puddles constantly appear under the bath, then you need to take urgent measures. How to repair the distance between the bathroom and the wall to get rid of this problem forever?
The gaps between the wall and the bathroom are fraught with the appearance of a fungus at best, and at the worst - a flood.
The bath is installed in several ways:
- "In the niche";
- one-sided adjacency;
Causes of appearance
The reason for the appearance of gaps between the bathroom and the wall can become an uneven floor.
When the technological process of correctly laying the tiles is not observed, a gap appears between the bathroom and the wall. In some cases, the appearance of free space is associated with the initial unevenness of the walls.
To fix the situation, the walls must be leveled and cover all the cracks. When the space is minimal, to close it, you can not even engage in leveling the walls.
Another reason for the gap between the bathroom and the wall is an uneven floor. Perhaps, the legs were adjusted incorrectly. Additional adjustment of supports will help to solve such a problem. After installing the legs, it will be possible to fill the gap with modern materials.
The appearance of free space between the bathroom and the wall can be associated with the rearrangement of the bath, the walls of which were decorated with ceramic tiles. In this regard, in order to avoid a gap, it is necessary first of all to install a bath and only then lay the tile.
Of course, there are so many ways that free space is closed. But with such work it is important to know the material of the bath. Acrylic bath can be an example. The gap between the bathroom and the wall with ordinary silicone is almost impossible to close. This material bends when it is pressed by a large mass, as a result, the silicone sealant will be broken.
Ways to seal the gap between the bathroom and the wall.
To cope with the gap arising between the bathroom and the wall, you need to have:
- various sealants;
- spreading mixtures;
- overhead angles;
- sub-angle corners;
- ceramic plinth;
- sealing tape;
- ceramic tiles;
- cement mortar.
To close a small gap, the following materials are needed:
The scheme of installation of an external corner between a bathroom and a wall.
- outer corner;
Measure the length of the bath, the end of the corner is cut, maintaining an angle of 45 °. The gap between the bathroom and the wall is closed with a silicone sealant. Then the top is covered with a plastic corner. Silicone must be pumped very much. When the corner is pressed into it, it must come out. All excess silicone should be removed with damp cloth.
Sealing the acrylic bath is only done when the bath is completely filled with water. The bath can not be emptied until a complete cooling of the silicone occurs. This will take more than 12 hours. Therefore, the distance between the bathroom and the wall is better to eliminate in the evening, so you can leave a bath with water until the morning.
Restoration more than 10 mm
The largest size of the corner, designed for tiles, does not exceed 12 mm. To make the gap between the bathroom and the wall invisible more than 10 mm, the use of such a corner is useless.
Such gaps are fixed:
- self-adhesive curbs;
- plastic skirting boards.
A scheme for closing a gap between a bathroom and a wall with a self-adhesive border.
The installation of a plastic skirting board is identical to the installation of a corner. The only difference is that it is impossible to completely pump the silicone into the gap, if its size exceeds 1 cm. In general, it will be enough just to glue the plinth, close the gap between the bathroom and the wall. For this, the wall and the bath are pre-dried, and then degreased.
The same technology applies to operations with a self-adhesive border. It can be purchased in a roll form. However, the process of the label has its own tricks. First, one side is glued, any surface, for example, the plane of the bath, is selected. Only then it can be glued to the wall. The protective film is not removed immediately. Only after the end of the operation it can be deleted.
The methods described above are not suitable for embedding free space when the size exceeds 30 mm. In this case, a completely different technology is used. First of all, it concerns concrete works. Under the bath is a special formwork, with the calculation of protecting the bath from getting a solution. The resulting cavity is completely filled with a solution. Then, when the solution finally clamps, it is covered with ceramic tiles. Its color is usually chosen in accordance with the tint of tile on the walls.
When solving the problem of sealing the gap between the bathroom and the wall, it is possible to use any suitable materials. There are a lot of ways of fixing, each bathroom owner solves this problem purely individually. You just need to put your imagination and have the right tool at hand. You will definitely get an original and unusual design. The only and main condition of such work is complete tightness and beautiful appearance.
Schematic diagram of the sub-angle bracket.
At work it is possible to use several kinds of corners. They are:
An overlaid corner, which has a decorative coating, can be called an excellent solution to the problem. He perfectly hides the gap formed between the bathroom and the wall. Most often it is made of materials that have a PVC core. The corner is fixed with sanitary silicone, but traces of the sealant are not observed anywhere.
The main and labor-consuming problem when installing the corner are shaped parts. They need to be adjusted to align the corner joints, to create a "plug" ends.
The subflate corner is distinguished by its perforated shelf.
It is used in the case when it is necessary to fix the corner under the tile, during installation. This corner is distinguished by its original appearance, but the design has some difficulties with installation.
When the corner is mounted, the bath should be leveled. While finishing, the bath is removed, and then returned to the place after completion of work. This is quite a laborious and difficult work. To facilitate the work, you need to install the bathtub thoroughly, until the tiling is completely laid.
During this work, you can damage the bath. Therefore, during cladding, special protective caps are used. The material of such a cloak should be a dense and durable fabric. The usual film is not good here. Tiles, when falling, can be damaged or cracked. This method can be used only when the distance between the wall and the bathroom is very large.
Sealing of junctions between the bathroom and the tile.
Each corner described above can eliminate a gap of no more than 30 mm.
Tapes sealing. This is one of the most versatile seals that are used to eliminate the gap between the bathroom and the wall. The tape can be used for tiles. In this case, it is fixed in the same way as the subfloor corner. The tape often acts as an excellent sealant for any coating that is available in the bathroom.
Manufacturers produce self-adhesive tapes. In stores you can find such tapes without sticky coating. They are fixed with a sealant or special tile adhesive. With the help of tape, you can cope with a space of 100 mm.
In some cases, the bathtub is installed at a sufficiently large distance from the walls. However, the installation of waterproofing requires somehow to close the formed space. To the aid comes a shelf, which is mounted between the bathroom and the wall.
On the one hand it is attached to the profile frame of the wall, and the other side rests on the side of the bath.
When installing the shelf, you must follow certain rules:
- Shelf should be mounted on a very strong and solid material. For example, drywall.
- The material used must have increased water resistance.
- To obtain excellent waterproofing, the shelf should be decorated with ceramic tiles.
- It is necessary to make a waterproofing of the edges of the base, on which the shelf will be fastened.
Basically, the closure of the slots and gaps in each bathroom is done individually. It is required to match the interior, do not damage the waterproofing. Modern materials make it possible to solve this problem quickly and efficiently.