During the renovation of the bathroom, tiles are most often used for finishing. This is a very reliable material that will last you many years. The variety of tiles in color and pattern makes it possible to make the repair unrepeatable. Tile can be coated not only with walls, but also with a bath, which will help to hide all communications and improve its appearance. How to tile the bath with your own hands? Experts easily cope with such repairs, but, knowing some subtleties and having construction skills, you can deal with it yourself.
When facing the bathroom, tiles are usually used, as it is resistant to moisture, easy to install, not fastidious in care.
To ensure the quality of the bathroom lining, it is necessary to prepare the surface on which the tiles will be fastened. First of all, the bathtub itself is installed on the floor. It must be done with the help of a building level. Any design of the bath has already been made so that it tilts toward the drain, so the bath itself should not be tilted. Then connect it to the sewer. The base under the tile can be made of brick or aerated concrete, and also from gypsum board.
The lining of a bath with a brick will cost less, besides it is more reliable. The entire length of the bath is covered with a brick, and if the dimensions of the room permit, then on the sides. It should be ensured that the side of the bath protrudes above the masonry by at least 2 cm. It is important to make sure that the wall is exactly vertical with a plumb bob. To perform the upper rows of brickwork, bricks are cut by width using a grinder with diamond discs. They are glued with a tile adhesive directly on the outer wall of the bath.
The lining of the bath with a brick is cheaper, besides, it is very reliable.
It is important not to forget that you must always leave a siphon under the bathroom so that you can clean it or replace it with further use. To do this, at the bottom of the brickwork are left on each side square windows with side dimensions of at least 15 cm. On the siphon side, then a hatch is installed for the revision of the sanitary ware, and on the other - a grille for ventilation. Apply a layer of plaster to the surface. And when the solution dries well, treat the surface with a fungicidal solution and a primer. Only after this, you can start tiling the bath with a tile.
The second way to prepare a bath under the tiles is to install a screen under the gypsum board. To begin with on the floor and under the side of the bath set guides metal zinc-plated profile. To the floor they can be fastened with dowels.
If the bath is cast-iron or metal, the profile to it is fixed by means of a stiffener, which is wedged between the floor and the bathroom. On the acrylic bath there are wooden cubes, to which a profile is attached using self-tapping screws.
After fixing the plasterboard to the lathing, it is necessary to make the outer lining.
The side guide profiles are attached directly to the wall. Before the work, all measurements of the future screen are carried out to determine the number of racks.
All parts of the profile are joined by metal corners. For such a screen, moisture resistant plasterboard is used, which will withstand the weight of the tile and will behave nicely when used in a room with high humidity.
Plasterboard разрезают на части необходимого размера и с помощью шурупов крепят к металлическому каркасу. Обязательно надо следить, чтобы экран не выступал за бортик после того, как его облицуют. Для смотрового люка под ванной можно сделать дверцу, монтировав ее на навесные петельки. Это позволит проводить ревизию оборудования.
The assembly scheme of the panel is screen-made of plasterboard under the bathroom.
It is very important to install the drywall sheets before they are protected from moisture. As a rule, the edges of the material are the most exposed to moisture.
Therefore, they should be covered with a waterproofing membrane or smeared with a moisture resistant filler, then covered with a primer.
Bear in mind that you can use other materials instead of drywall sheets. For example, dense plywood.
Strengthen it in the same way, only to make sure that the plywood does not bend and was as flat as possible over its entire area. And still: whatever material you choose, be sure to seal the joints before the work with the tile.
Facing with tiles
But how to tile the bath with a tile? When the surface is prepared, you should determine the layout of the masonry. It is best to mark everything in advance so that you can not trim the tiles in prominent places. To do this, start marking from the middle, so that at the edges, if necessary, trim the tiles to glue the same pieces. As for the bottom, note how much you need to trim off the tiles, which will be placed horizontally. It is best to place a series of trimmed tiles on top (if there are skirts in the bathroom that will hide it).
When you decide on the scheme, immediately number the tiles and places on the panel to fix them. Do not immediately trim, because during the laying on the adhesive there will be a slight displacement of distances. For greater accuracy, pruning is performed immediately before laying on the screen of non-integral tiles.
The tiles are laid on special glue.
Now you can safely be taken for laying tiles on the screen under the bathroom. So, first prepare the glue. Usually the mixture for such work is sold in the store in the form of a powder, which must be diluted with a certain amount of water. And that the glue has turned out an ideal consistency, for mixing it is necessary to use a drill with a special small nozzle.
Apply the glue to the screen gradually, beginning with the first numbered square under the tile. Do not apply a lot of glue at once, since it has the property of rapidly solidifying. It is most convenient to apply it under 4 tiles, after which immediately try to paste them quickly. The mixture is applied to the surface first with a smooth side of the spatula, and then aligned with the tooth to remove the excess. The glue itself is not applied to the tiles.
Then simply apply the tiles to the surface, lightly pressing them against the edges and in the middle to achieve an even coating. Cut pieces are pasted last.
When the glue grasps, grout the joints and lubricate them with a silicone sealant so that moisture does not penetrate the material over time.
So you can impose a bath. Tiles can be placed on different surfaces. Which one to choose the basis, depends only on your abilities and preferences. The very same work with the tile remains standard.