The flooring of tile can be carried out according to any chosen schemes. One of the most popular is laying diagonally. It is ideal for small rooms, as it allows you to visually increase the area. Diagonal smooths down the shortcomings of the layout of the room. How to lay a tile diagonally? Is it possible to handle this work independently?
There are three types of laying tiles: diagonally, "seam in the seam", at-sight.
The tile requires a perfectly flat base, otherwise the tile can quickly crack. Before you begin the finishing work, you need to prepare the surface. First, the substrate must be cleaned of the traces of the old coating, after which it should be carefully examined.
Beacons for leveling the floor before laying the tiles.
If the base of the floor or wall is flat and does not require any work, then you can start priming and gluing the tile. If there are potholes and other defects, then preparatory leveling works should be carried out. Plastering is carried out, markings are made on the walls. Then follows the priming and leveling of the floor surface.
To lay the tile qualitatively, a cement screed is used to level the base. Here, you also need to first perform the markup by defining the lowest and highest points. After this, the solution is mixed in the tank, the work is done on pouring the base. The mixture is leveled by the rule, doing the job best from the far corner. You can walk on the surface only in special studded shoes. Dry the floor will be about 4 weeks, after that you can begin work on laying the tile.
How to put the tile diagonally correctly? The process is a little more complicated than traditional styling. It is best to have at least a minimal work experience. It is important to immediately execute the markup, so that later there are no distortions. When it is planned to finish the surface of the walls, it is required to make special supports for ceramic tiles. With a diagonal flooring scheme, accuracy is important, the angle of the rows should be clear, the diagonal should not deviate. It is necessary to strengthen one nail at the end points of the piling, between them - pull the nylon thread. The line will show the height of the tile, so it is most convenient to determine the position of the surface of the future floor. Similar work is done for walls. You can use the building level to maintain the verticality of the installation.
For laying tiles diagonally, laser marking can be used, which accurately marks the angle of 45 °
It is necessary to determine in which direction the tile will go, and to perform the angulation. Attention should be paid to the layout features. For example, in a room with regular shapes, the angle will be 45 °. It is necessary to draw a marking cord from the starting point, in the future orientate to its position, so that the rows are even, do not get lost.
Before laying the tile, the surface of the substrate should be primed. This is an obligatory condition, otherwise all the work will have to start again, the tile will quickly become unstuck. For work, a deep penetration primer is used: it provides the necessary adhesion of the adhesive and the substrate. You can apply it with a wide brush, starting from the far corner. Dry the composition will be approximately 1 hour, you can leave for a longer time, depending on the recommendations of the manufacturer of the mixture. If the tile has a significant weight, and the work is carried out on the walls, a second primer layer should be used. To do this, the tile adhesive is diluted to a liquid consistency. Then, with the help of the resulting solution, a second primer is applied. The layer must be thin. It completely fills all cracks, cavities, which could still remain on the surface.
To lay a tile, it is necessary to prepare:
- adhesive for tiles;
- a container for mixing the solution;
- electric drill with a nozzle for a construction mixer;
- a metal notched trowel;
- rubber spatula;
- Plastic cross-dividers;
- tile cutting machine.
Diagram of laying tiles on a diagonal.
The tile is laid from the far corner, at first only whole tiles are used. The first plate is placed strictly along the marking line in the corner. The adhesive is applied to the base and to the back surface with a spatula. The glue layer should not be too thick or thin, it is necessary to follow the manufacturer's recommendations. After that, the plate densely presses against the surface for a few seconds. The next series will be laid out depending on which circuit is selected. The central plate of the second row is glued strictly underneath the first, on the sides there will be pieces that are cut off by marking. If diagonal packing is used in unison, then the second row will hold 2 plates, the seam between them should fall to the center of the first tile. Tile is not recommended to cut beforehand, it is best to first lay whole plates, and after a few rows cut the pieces. This will save material, make work more convenient and quick.
To make the joints even, you should use plastic crosses with the chosen thickness. For floor covering, the thickness of the joints can be greater, and for the walls - less. There is a variant with a seamless coating, then experts do not advise applying it for bathrooms, as it will not have the necessary strength.
On each side of the plate is placed on two crosses, it is desirable to place them near the corners.
During laying, you should constantly check that there is no void left under the material. Rubber hammer is recommended to gently tap on the coating. If there are surpluses of the mixture on the sides, then there are no voids. To properly lay the tile, every few rows should be checked by the building level for their horizontal or vertical.
Grout выполняется, примерно, через сутки после укладки плитки, когда высохнет плиточный клей.
The laid tiles should remain unloaded during the day. Only the next day you can begin work on the grouting of seams. For this purpose, a special trowelling mass of the selected color is used.
The works are carried out in this way:
- It's better to start from the far corner. For work it is necessary to prepare not only a grout, but also a rubber spatula, a clean rag for removing excess mass.
- Plastic crosses are removed from a small area, after which the mass must be gently rubbed into the joints between the tiles.
- All surpluses are carefully cleaned with a clean piece of rags, since after drying it will be difficult.
- When all the tiles have been processed, it is necessary to wipe the floor with a damp, clean cloth, and do not get frightened that the grout may change color slightly. After drying, it will become exactly as planned.
The first load on the tile floor can be done only after 2 days, although the strength of the glue will accumulate in a few weeks. Joints between the walls and the floor can be decorated with a special plastic skirting board, although this method is rarely used for bathrooms. All this imposes certain requirements on the accuracy of the edges.
The tile laid diagonally is very attractive, but when doing this work, it is recommended that you carefully approach the layout. This work requires the presence of at least a minimum of experience in construction.