If you judge objectively, then the most complex and scrupulous work can be called those that are associated with the corners. And this applies equally to the ceiling, and to the walls with the floor. Therefore, before laying the tiles in the corners, it is necessary to disassemble a few points related to this process.
The choice of the method of laying the tiles in the corners depends on the master's experience, the presence of the tool and the condition of the working surface.
Angle of 90 ° - guarantee that the surface will have smooth joints. First of all, it is necessary to take care of the layout of the cladding, but at this stage all features and conditions of the working surfaces must be taken into account.
In apartments, tiles are laid in kitchens, bathrooms or hallways. The tile is also applicable for balconies or loggias. They can spread not only walls, but also floors. In this case, special attention is required by internal and external corners, niches under the windows in which the batteries are located.
While engaging in facing works, special attention is paid to the layout. But the layout and layout are two different concepts. In the second case, the work is done with a tile, which is sorted by size and color, then laid out on the floor, so that you can correctly choose a pattern or ornament.
But the layout requires making measurements of the working space, assessing the suitability of the coating, the degree of processing. Also, the method of laying tiles is selected. It should be borne in mind that if the corners are hidden, for example, furniture, then the method can be chosen and simpler.
On how to lay the tile, in many respects will depend on the layout of the entire working area and how much work material will be needed, including mixtures for laying, processing and grouting.
For a qualitative transition from one plane to another, use a trim for the inner corner.
Each case requires an individual approach. Therefore it is necessary to know about all possible options:
- Using trims when laying corners.
- Using a special angle, which is set to the outer corner.
- Laying of the tile occurs at the joint at an angle of 45 °, orientated to the front.
- The usual laying joint in the joint.
- Stacking with a cut of the end part.
Each method has its own nuances in the work, which should be familiar with. After all, even professionals do not always cope with corners.
Trimas are decorative details, which decorate the interior or exterior corners of the room. For their manufacture use aluminum, plastic or metal, thus there are absolutely no restrictions in color scale that essentially facilitates a task in selection of facing. During the selection it is necessary to take into account the load that will be accounted for by these elements. Using trims, you can not only lay out the corners, but also "hide" level transitions or seams of facing tiles. Also, these elements help insure those points where there is the greatest pressure, which leads to deformation.
To protect end plates from chips and hide irregularities, use a trim for the outer corner.
But the laying of such an element of decor is already done on the laid tiles. For these purposes, silicone adhesive is used. Working with the inner corners, the trim with its triangular shape makes it possible to make a smooth transition between working planes. The concave front part is designed for floor and wall decoration into one whole, besides the trim aligns the verticality of the inner corner. In this case, the trimming serves as a plinth. But its external application due to the convex part helps to protect the tiles from damage.
With this method of laying, there is no need to trim the tiles. This work is minimized. But here the main thing is to correctly choose the size of the grooves and the width of the working tile, as it could easily take its place.
To work with this element, you will need the following tools:
- silicone sealant;
- Nail file, if the trim is metal or aluminum, and for the plastic elements you can use a knife.
Corners are the same trims, only with a simpler design.
These elements are used for external corners of the aisles, window or door openings, and for their fastening a glue mixture is used. With this work, the landmark is one of the perpendicular rows, close to the outer corner, while the next line tile is laid out the joint in the joint.
For a more aesthetic appearance of the corners, it is best to abandon the tile cut and use it in one piece. Although in some cases this recommendation is not followed.
Has swept an external part in 45 °
This method is the most difficult for decorating corners. Therefore, only professionals can correct it with quality. They apply it when there is a strong deviation with respect to the 90 ° angle mark.
All works on laying the tiles on the floor always start from the center of the room. You need to move in the direction of the corners. For this process, you will need a glass cutter and the tile itself.
For cutting angle of end tiles, a high precision tool is required.
The work is done in the following order:
- First of all, it is necessary to determine the center of the room, from which the layout begins. In this case, use whole tiles. In this case, along the walls there must remain a certain distance, which will be laid by scraps. In order to create the necessary form of tile, use a glass cutter. It can be replaced with a tool such as a manual tile cutter.
- After the main floor area has been laid, there should be places in the inner corners. For this work it is necessary to prepare two cuttings with a certain cutting angle. If the angle is exactly 90 °, the tile is cut at an angle of 45 °, and from both sides in contact. As for the straightness of the angle, then you can apply the wall alignment by means of plasterboard.
It should be noted right away that during construction very rarely the indicator is kept at 90 °, therefore it is better to measure each corner separately and start from these indicators.
It should also be remembered that during laying, the longitudinal, transverse and angular seams should remain the same width. Otherwise, the work will look messy.
Has swept up an end part
Working with the front of the tile is considered the most difficult, requiring certain skills. When laying the inner corners, the angle of the saw should be inclined towards the end. And if the work is done with external corners, then towards the rear part.
The corners should be 2 mm thicker than the tiles.
For this work, you need to have more professional equipment - electric tile cutting machine with a diamond-coated disc and a hard surface that is well fixed. If the angle is skewed, then the tile can be started on the trimming, otherwise it will not be useful. Incorrect angle leads to the fact that the tile is not put in its place, so there is an unnecessary expense of working material, which in the future can lead to financial costs.
It is very important to take care of the seams, that is, a day after laying, they must be wiped. Only in this case the floor will have an aesthetic appearance.
Before starting work it is very important to consider what kind of tiles to work with, as this will depend on the selection of the adhesive mixture. Usually manufacturers specify in the instructions the requirements. In the opposite case, if tiles and glue are not comparable, such a floor will not last long: either the tiles will crack, or simply fall off. The bare working surface itself must be properly prepared.
Each way is designed for a certain level of skill and experience, not to mention the availability of professional equipment at hand.