A leaking faucet can not only act badly on your nerves - an uncontrolled flow of water can also seriously affect your wallet. A drop for a drop - and at the end of the month a considerable amount is collected. Replacing the gasket in the mixer can help fix the problem. To delay this should not be.
The current crane not only acts on nerves, but also devastates the purse.
The reason for the leak is most often hidden in the fact that a single, tiny detail is spoiled. It is a rubber gasket that is designed to create a tight sealing of the gap between the parts inside the mixer. Damage to the gasket can be for a variety of reasons: this is a mismatch in the size of the product, and not a very good quality material, and an incorrect installation position. Sometimes it also happens that a foreign body enters the gasket, for example, a grain of sand or a product of corrosion. The pressure turns out to be a point pressure. This deforms the gasket, violating its integrity. The replacement of the gasket can hardly be attributed to the category of difficult operations - this is even possible for non-professionals. But anyone who decides to act independently must first familiarize himself with certain principles, sequence of actions and recommendations from professionals in order to accurately represent how to replace the gasket in the mixer with their own hands.
The device of the crane.
Before you yourself replace the gasket in the tap, you need to prepare a little. Water must be cut off before starting repairs. Without this, you should not even get down to work, because the pressure will be too strong, and you can accidentally arrange a flood.
In advance, store all the necessary tools and buy a gasket. If its size is unknown to you, then in this case you should purchase a set of gaskets. Provide the plumbing protection against possible falls of tools: a swing wrench falling on the surface of a bath or a sink may cause cracks. To do this, and an ordinary piece of cardboard. Put it on the surface to be protected. Just in case, prepare a separate bucket of water, because sometimes the crane-buxa needs to be washed from the lime deposit, sand, traces of rust.
- Adjustable wrench;
- Flat screwdriver;
- curved screwdriver.
You will also need scissors and a thin knife.
Replacing the gasket
Process of replacement of a lining in the crane.
First you need to determine which version of the crane you have installed: it can be, for example, rotary with a metal or ceramic head or a single-lever with a replaceable cartridge. At rotary mixers the reason of leakage basically is just served the linings. Single-lever faucets most often leak out because the cartridge is broken or clogged. Here you can not do with a simple repair - the cartridge needs to be replaced or thoroughly cleaned.
If you have a rotary mixer, then, by some features, you can determine which part is damaged before starting work. When leaking directly from the tap, the cause of the defect is the valve. Such a malfunction is more common, but troubleshooting will not be difficult. Leakage from under the valve head means that the removal of the box is required. It will be necessary to change the gasket that is located between the valve body and the valve head.
Close the water supply completely. Drain the remaining liquid from the pipes - this will interfere with the work. To do this, substitute something for the mixer (basin or bucket) and open the tap at full capacity. When the water runs, the crane must be immediately closed. Cover the bottom of the tub or sink with a suitable material - this will protect the surface from the appearance of chips and cracks in the case of an unsuccessfully dropped tool, and small elements - from loss, otherwise they may fall into the sink.
Schematic representation of replacement gasket.
Some of the mixer designs are designed in such a way that the handle is simply put on the valve head. In other types of handles are attached to the screw, which is hidden by a decorative plug. It fits with a suitable tool, for example, a flat screwdriver, remove and unscrew the fixing screw. After that, the handle can be removed. This opens access to the crane head.
Remove the head with a wrench. When equipping the head with ceramic discs, consider them under bright light. Cracks or chips on the discs most often cause a not very good work of the crane. This means that the entire head must be replaced.
For metal heads, inspect the bottom rubber washer. If irregularities are found, ruffled edges or ruptures, water will inevitably leak from the tap. Replace the gasket on the product without defects. Sometimes the gasket is not severely damaged, and then it is quite enough just to turn it over. Also, some home masters prefer not to purchase gaskets in the store, but to cut them themselves out of sheet rubber, an old bicycle chamber, or even the boot of an old boot. To obtain the desired size, a spoiled gasket is applied to the material and a new product is made along its contour. You will need to make an allowance of 1 mm. The hole inside is slightly smaller, and the hem is cut at an angle of 45 ° at the bottom by a manicure scissors. So the gasket will be protected from vibration, which occurs when the crane is opened, which will significantly extend its service life.
To replace the O-ring on the head, it should be slightly picked up with a screwdriver or knife. Remove the ring, rinse the crane head well and put on a new part.
Assembling the mixer
Performing the operation to remove the gasket.
Collect the crane will have to be in the reverse order. Replace the head, tighten it with the adjustable wrench. Twisting should be done as tightly as possible, but without exerting excessive force. Then put on the handle and secure it to the screw. Put the cap.
Now, on the water supply pipe, turn the valve to the middle position, check that the mixer is not leaking. Check the regulation of the water pressure - it should be smooth. Then it is completely closed to check if there is leakage when closed.
To ensure that the gaskets are less worn out, some owners install coarse filters for their water supply.
They are able to prevent the entry into the mixer of tiny solid particles, for example, sand. This reduces the risk of cracks in the ceramic and the rupture of rubber. If possible, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the pipes and change them when worn to more modern ones.