The installation of tiles is traditionally considered a complex work, which only professionals can do. Meanwhile, if you follow all the recommendations and do the packing neatly, tile in the bath with your own hands is mounted quite easily. Anyone can do this kind of work. This helps to save a lot of money, because the work of masters is not cheap. And the bathroom will look great. You can buy additional accessories for saved money.
Ways of laying tiles.
The walls, on which the tiles will be laid with their own hands, should be properly prepared. The preparation consists of the following work:
- removal of old decorative materials from the walls;
- plastering and leveling;
In order to prepare the walls and put tiles, the following materials and tools will be needed:
- waterproofing material;
- building mix for plaster;
- adhesive composition for tile installation;
- trowel, spatulas (simple, comb, rubber), grater, level;
- a Bulgarian or a tile cutter;
- plastic crosses;
- grout for seams.
Layout of tiling on the wall.
Old finishing material must be cleaned. This can lead to the fact that the waterproofing and puttying starts to peel off. It is recommended to tear off the old finish to a brick or concrete and plaster the wall. Plastering can be done with a ready-mixed mortar, which is very quickly prepared to the desired consistency. Apply the mixture to the wall with a construction trowel or spatula, and smooth it with a grater.
After the surface is plastered and leveled, it should be allowed to dry well. You can use a heat gun to make the plaster dry faster.
Now you can proceed to waterproofing. Doing this is strongly recommended, since the bathroom is always air humidity, which over time adversely affects the walls. Waterproofing on the floor will help to avoid a quarrel with neighbors if you accidentally spill water or an accident occurs. A waterproofing ceiling will not allow water to penetrate to you and ruin the repair, if the accident happens on the floor above.
In order to isolate the walls from moisture, different materials are used. The most simple and budgetary option - waterproofing bitumen mastic and roofing material. Strips of ruberoid are pasted on the mastic from the ceiling to the bathroom floor. It is necessary to paste them so that the edges of the tape go at least 25 cm to the ceiling and to the floor. The ruberoid is overlapped, and the joints are processed by the flame of the blowtorch.
In addition to roofing felt, there are other insulation materials in rolls. They are better, because they contain fiberglass or polyester. Instead of bitumen mastic, a glutinous mixture is prepared, prepared from components that do not have an unpleasant odor.
In addition to waterproofing in rolls, there are also various mastics that are applied to the walls. They are applied with a comb spatula and are leveled with a float. Particular attention in waterproofing should be given to the joints of walls, floor and ceiling. At this point it is recommended to stick a special tape.
Waterproofing also needs to be allowed to dry, and then plaster the surfaces again. We must try to make the wall become as flat as possible, since it depends on how beautifully the tiles will be laid with their own hands. You need to use a level. After drying the plaster, the wall should be primed. The primer will fill all the pores and microcracks, so the glue will stick to the wall more firmly and the tiles with their own hands will fit more qualitatively.
Making a choice in favor of tiling, you should take care to buy a quality tile.
Tools for laying tiles.
Cheap material very often has a spread in the sizes and shades of color, which makes installation difficult. The tile needs to be bought in quantities slightly larger than required. Laying tiles, you need to be prepared for the fact that it can crack.
Tiles with their own hands are always placed from the far corner of the room, gradually moving to the door. If it is necessary to cut the tile, the cut-off tile should be located in inconspicuous places, for example, near the doorway.
It is necessary to use the building level and stretched thread in order to make the rows even. Particular attention should be given to the first, lower row.
The glue is applied to the tile with a spatula, it is pressed against the wall and held for a while. Next, glue the next tile and so on until the row is completely laid out. Between the tiles you need to insert plastic crosses so that the seams are even.
Over the first row the next row is mounted. You need to remember to pull the thread and check the laying level. After the entire wall is laid, you should let the glue dry, and then remove the crosses and wipe the seams with special putty using a rubber spatula.
When installing the tile on the floor over the waterproofing, a self-leveling mixture is poured, and after its drying, the tile is mounted. It should be specially designed for laying the floor, because the usual slab is slippery, it is not recommended to put it.
As you can see from the description, facing the bathroom with your own hands is not particularly difficult. We only need to closely monitor the level and use only high-quality building materials.