Each house sometimes requires renovation, and most of it passes without much difficulty, whereas repairing a bathroom in a Khrushchevka with their own hands is a long and complex process that is characterized by increased painstakingness. And just how easy is the dismantling of sanitary ware and tiles, so it is difficult then to mount everything in its place.
When repairing the bathroom in the first queue you need to do the plumbing.
Tools and materials:
- spatula metal;
- aluminum profile;
- dowels with shurupam;
- penetrating waterproofing.
Tools for bathroom repair.
Before you start the workflow, you need to prepare all the tools and materials, tk. work should be completed as quickly as possible. The dismantling itself is quite simple, because almost everywhere a threaded connection is used, and old finishing materials, so as not to waste a lot of time, can be removed with a puncher at an angle of 45 °. Similarly, walls and floors are cleaned of all kinds of surplus to get to the bottom.
After the puncher has removed all the large surpluses, you need to remove the smaller scraps with a metal spatula, so that the walls and floors are perfectly clean. Immediately need to take out all the construction debris, so that you do not waste any extra time. Then you need to wash all the walls and floors to collect the last surplus. Drying usually takes from 20 minutes to 2 hours depending on the season and ventilation.
Now you need to prepare the surface for the main job, for which the entire area is applied primer. Sometimes it turns out that 1 layer is completely absorbed into the surface, so you need to apply another 1. The primer serves for final dedusting, and then for a better coupling between the base and the covering materials.
Layout of the floor in the bathroom.
Next, it will be necessary to mount an armored wall to the walls, onto which fixing of the plaster will be made, and the floor at that time is covered with polyethylene film. For this, for each 1 m², 5 holes are made (4 in the corners and 1 in the center), after which the dowels are driven into them and the screws with the mesh under the hood are screwed. The depth of the fixation of the dowels depends on the base roll of the walls, so as a result a smooth surface is obtained, and the minimum distance between the wall and the grid must be kept at 5 mm. For this reason, it is advisable to use long dowel versions of 8 cm, which will eliminate any flaws.
The plaster is applied with firm, but smooth movements, to force it through the mesh to the surface of the wall. Do not rush, because This step is decisive in the durability and strength of the future design. All work goes from floor to floor, but the floor itself is still in untouched condition.
On the floor throughout the area waterproofing is applied on a water basis (no rolls, because in 5 years they will lose their quality indicators). Usually only the corners are smeared, but the bathroom should be repaired with a much higher degree of protection, because in the room is stable high humidity, as well as a high risk of flooding.
Warm floors are used extremely rarely, because a small room warms up quickly enough. Taking into account the warm floors, the steam room will turn out at all, that's why they are poured already now. Usually a thicker version is used, so you can perfectly level the surface, but in new buildings or houses not older than 15 years you can use thin self-leveling analogs.
Tools and materials:
- aluminum profile;
- гипсовая plaster;
- leveling solution;
The work progress is as follows:
Layout of the tile in the bathroom.
- Spread across the room guide aluminum profiles in steps of 1-1.2 m.
- Using gypsum plasters, the profiles are raised in such a way as to be in a strictly horizontal position. All measurements are carried out by the usual building level.
- The thickest solution is poured into the farthest section from the entrance, then carefully leveled with a metal or wooden rod (rule), and the surplus is transferred to the next one.
- Similarly, all the further work is done, after which the floors are left until full hardening (2-3 days).
Now you can again make all the plumbing and fix it in its place. It is desirable to use shoes on a soft wide sole, which will not leave a mark on the newly flooded floor. Now it is optimal to do the replacement of the pipeline, because then, for this, it is very likely that you will have to break the tile and start repairing the bathroom again.
Tools and materials:
- a ribbed spatula;
- rubber spatula;
- crosses plastic.
At this stage, the repair of the bathroom in Khrushchev is not the most difficult, but the thinnest, because will have to carefully select the tile. The bigger it is, the easier it will be, but the result will not be so interesting.
Options for laying tiles.
At the very beginning, you need to measure the tiles (+3 mm) and the height of the room, after which you calculate how many tiles will fit. The required quantity is measured from above, and at the height obtained, an aluminum profile is fixed, which will delimit the working surface. At the same stage, the plaster is covered with a primer.
Only now you can start to extract all the tiles from the packages, wipe it with a dry sponge from dust, apply glue to the walls, and then fix it. If the dust is not swept away, this will worsen the fixation and reduce the service life.
The glue is kneaded in small portions so that you can spend all of it in 30-40 minutes. Otherwise, it begins to grasp even in the tank, and this is fraught with the loss of quality indicators. It is applied to the walls with a ribbed trowel over an area 1.5 times higher than the required parameters, and after fixing, the excess is removed and dumped into a common container. After the work with 1 tile is completed, it is necessary to proceed to the next one, and the installation is carried out immediately to the location of the dislocation, so as not to "crawl" once again. Between the two segments, plastic crosses are placed, delineating the distance.
After the entire working surface of all the walls of the bathroom has been covered with tiles, you can remove the guide profiles and continue working. For cutting tiles, a special tile cutting tool or a grinder with diamond discs for glass is used.
Only at this stage you can start working with the floor. On the floor, everything goes in a similar way, only the profile is no longer needed, but each laid-down segment is measured by a level so that the prominent corners are not left inadvertently. It is also very important to finish the work in front of the entrance doors. otherwise, without marriage will not do.
At the very end, the crosses are removed, and then the grout is prepared in a small container. It is applied with a rubberized spatula on all joints, so that there is not a single unclosed place left. Surplus is removed with a damp sponge.
Repair of the bathroom with their own hands is carried out in a rather short time, because the room is operated constantly.
But do not hurry with any actions. For drilling tiles, you can use only special drills on the glass, t. any others can crack. Wiring is laid between tiles and plaster, so that if necessary, it can be easily reached.
In order to organize a qualitative renovation of the bathroom, only one person will be required, but all steps must be taken in stages. Such activities take up to 1 week, but you can usually start using the premises in 3-4 days. Although after laying the tile on the floor you will have to take a break in 2 days to completely dry the glue and grout.