The bathroom differs from other rooms with a rather high level of humidity. That's why the choice of materials must be taken very seriously. They should not only be presentable, but also withstand all the loads that will affect the room. The ideal option for a bathroom is tile. In addition, it is worth noting that the laying of tiles on the walls in the bathroom can be carried out independently. To do this, you need to read the main recommendations and prepare the necessary inventory.
Ceramic tiles are an integral design of the bathroom, creating its interior.
To lay the tiles on the walls, you need to have a minimal set of tools that will be used to cut (if necessary) and fasten the elements to the surface:
Variants of the location of ceramic tiles in the bathroom.
- spatula with toothed edge;
- two levels: medium and small;
- a rubber hammer;
- a container for preparation of a glutinous solution;
- tile cutting machine;
- emery paper;
Laying the tiles is conventionally divided into several stages, the performance of which should be as high as possible, since this can affect the durability and appearance.
Calculation of quantity
Stages of laying tiles on the wall.
In order to buy the necessary amount of material, it is worth the calculations. First you need to calculate the area of the walls. Also, when calculating, it is very important to take into account the fact that the tile can be cut. Therefore, it is worth taking a tile with a small margin (suddenly something will break during cutting).
With regard to the calculation of the adhesive solution, its required quantity can be found by reading the recommendations on the packaging. With proper preparation and use of the adhesive composition, a small amount of material will leave.
Laying tiles in the bathroom should be carried out on a flat, machined surface. If the walls have irregularities, they need to be eliminated. For this, the surface can be lined with plaster mortar or plasterboard sheets. When leveling with plaster mortar on the surface should be installed beacons.
If a GCR is used, it is very important that it is moisture resistant. After the walls are aligned, they must be covered with antiseptic solutions that prevent the formation of fungus and mold. Only a flat surface will ensure high-quality laying of tiles.
There are a lot of options for tile.
Layout and installation
When the base has completely dried up after the preparatory work, it is possible to start marking. Laying tiles in the bathroom is done from the bottom. To ensure that the horizontal is strictly maintained and the tile does not float downwards, it is necessary to install a special support.
Layout scheme for laying tiles.
To calculate the height at which it should be installed, it is necessary to measure the height of the wall from the ceiling to the floor. Based on this size, you can calculate how many solid tiles (taking into account the seams) fit on the wall. Carry out such calculations is very carefully, so that in the end under the ceiling was a solid tile. This arrangement makes it possible to get a good appearance. In turn, the incised tiles will be located above the floor, where it will be virtually invisible.
As a support, a wooden strip and a special metal corner can be used. This auxiliary element is mounted on the wall to the concrete base, the fastening should be done using dowels. If the walls were previously leveled with plasterboard and metal frame, then the support should be fixed in the profiles. In order to establish such a support accurately along the horizontal line, it is worthwhile to use the hydro level. An additional element in the markup process will be a vertical line, which is indicated with a plumb line. Thanks to it you can control the quality of tile laying.
In addition to the floor and walls in the bathroom, you can also tile the screen under the bath and close the pipes.
Once the support is installed, you can start laying the tile. First, one-piece elements are laid. To fix the tile to the base, a special glue solution is used. It can be sold in ready-made form or as a dry mixture, which must be prepared independently. During cooking, it is very important to observe the proportions, since more water can significantly impair the quality of the solution and its adhesion.
Technology of laying tiles.
Клеевой раствор наносится на плитку равномерным слоем. Для того чтобы минимизировать расходы, стоит использовать шпатель зубчатый. Размер зубьев также может быть совершенно разным. Laying tiles осуществляется рядами. Между каждым элементом обязательно устанавливаются пластиковые крестики, которые позволяют сделать все швы одинаковыми.
It is very important to make small breaks between stacking rows. This is necessary, in order for the adhesive composition under the tile to dry a little, thereby fixing the tile. Otherwise, if you cover the entire wall, the tile may begin to move out. The result will be broken seams. After the whole tile is laid, you can proceed to fill the remaining places. For this, the necessary elements are cut out and the same method is laid on the surface. The best option for cutting ceramic tiles is an electric machine with a diamond wheel.
To cut the edge of the tile a bit, it's worth using sandpaper.
But you should be careful not to damage the front side of the product.
For the bathroom it is necessary to select waterproof materials. The grout for seams will not be an exception. The store presents all sorts of options for this material, among which you can choose the necessary. Preference is given to the epoxy or silicone grout. Today the grout can be completely different colors, but in the classical version white is used.
Before grouting, clean the surface. For this purpose it is recommended to use a vacuum cleaner. To fill the seams a rubber spatula is used, thanks to which all the voids between the tiles are filled.
After drying, the surface of the walls is washed away from the remnants of mortar and grout. Then the repair is completed.