In any living room, where there is water and there is a sink, put a bath. As an addition to it, you can install a shower tray or a booth. And if the bathroom is small and the bathroom just can not fit? Or master lover of the soul? In this case, option one - shower tray or cubicle. And if you need to order a high-quality booth, the pallet will be cheaper and more reliable to make by hand. It will not be easy, as for good waterproofing and long service it is necessary to know some secrets and subtleties. However, the result is worth it. After all, the design and size can be determined at will, and not what the finance will have for the purchase of the finished copy.
The shower tray is the main element of the shower enclosure, which limits the booth space from the bottom.
Shower trays are completely different and not limited to standards or colors. They may be:
If the shower is not in the niche, then he will still need curtains or doors. You can decorate the pallet with different tiles or mosaics. It can be done with heating.
It is more convenient to make a tray when the entire bathroom is being repaired. In this case, the place where the shower will be carefully waterproofed with roofing felt and mastic. More joints are fibrezine. However, if repairs are not planned or are already ready, there will be a little more work. For a brick pallet, you will need:
Variants of a mosaic tile for a shower tray.
- brick - silicate or red, solid or hollow;
- crushed stone;
- sewage pipes;
- ruberoid or polyethylene;
- waterproofing - ceresite, mastic, silicone, grout;
- elastic grout;
- mesh for drainage;
- self-leveling mixture;
- tile or mosaic.
- grid for screed;
- plastering beacons;
- comb spatula;
- a drill with a mixer nozzle;
- brush for mastic;
Sequence of work
First, the dimensions of the future shower are established.
Scheme shower tray.
If repairs are not planned, then you need to remove the tiles under the future pallet, from the walls, 30-40 cm up. All irregularities are removed, the surface is peeled and covered with fibrous rubber or a waterproofing mixture based on bitumen.
During the repair, pipes for draining are best taken from metal. From brass or steel. First you need to collect the drainage system, and then put it. The pipe must be tilted for a rapid drain of water. If it is laid flat, the water will remain in the pipe and rot. The slope must be at least 3 °. The pipe should be laid on podstavochki from pieces of a board impregnated with mastic. The siphon attaches to the main pipe, although it is possible to do without it, the slope will play its role. To the siphon - the drain itself. We put the gaskets on all the connections and fill them with silicone.
Bricks are installed according to the shape of the future shower tray, taking into account the outlet for the pipe. You can install the cables of the warm floor before the coupler. They are stacked with a distance of 8-12 cm from each other. True, it would be more advisable to throw such a floor across the bathroom, but for this it is necessary to lift all the tiles. Kneading is done on cement with the addition of pure sand, small gravel and water. Do not forget about the roofing felt under the pallet throughout the area.
The scheme of the shower tray device.
Next, on the floor of the pallet with the help of a screed, you need to make a slope towards the drain. It is best to make a flat screed with a slope with the help of beacons. The final total should be slightly below the grid, installed on the drain, so that there is room for tiles or mosaic. While the work is in progress, the drain hole should be sealed to prevent any litter from entering the sewer system. After installing the drain system, carefully cover the hole in the border that was left for the pipe.
When the screed and the walls dry, they need to be smeared with ceresite or bitumen. The next layer after drying the insulation is a self-leveling mixture. The next stage is waterproofing again. All the seams and the floor with walls, where the tiles are removed, are coated with fibrosin. When it dries, you can tackle the lining.
The walls, on which the tiles were removed, after the waterproofing are rubbed and again covered with ceramics. Stitches from above need to be smeared with silicone. And align with a handle. For the lining of the pallet itself, you can use Chinese glass mosaic or ceramic tiles. The mosaic is placed on a special glue, which can be bought in the same shop where the mosaic was bought. For a high-quality laying of the plate, you must first lay it in place and cut it with scissors where there are many.
Forms of shower trays.
You need to mix the glue. For this we need crystal clear water. Dilute the solution immediately before the process. A protective film is removed from the mosaic block. The surface is applied with a notched trowel with glue and a very tidy mosaic block is applied. Glue should not be used for more than one block. We need to ensure that it does not appear in the junctions.
After the end of the gluing you need to wait until the glue dries - it's a couple of hours. Then you can go to the grout. This process will provide complete waterproofing, as well as protection against all kinds of mold and fungi. Also, it is resistant to shocks and will not allow the mosaic slabs to crack. Carefully, centimeter after centimeter, a rubber spatula is applied grout. All unnecessary will have to be thrown away. Approximately 30 minutes after the last brush stroke, you can start washing the slab. After 3-4 hours with her, nothing can be done. For this repair phase, you need:
- warm water;
- kitchen sponge;
- pure matter;
- unnecessary newspaper.
The first large layer is washed away with just water and a sponge. Then vinegar is added to the fresh pure water. And then the mosaic is wiped with a newspaper, like glass. After 15 minutes it is checked. If the coating appears, it is again wiped off with a damp sponge or clean, damp cloth. And again with a newspaper. After a while again you need to check. In the absence of any plaque, we can assume that the cladding was carried out successfully.
Scheme of shower tray formwork.
It differs from the brick pallet in that here, when performing repairs, the flaps are made flooded. It is necessary to make a waterproofing, as for a brick shower. Then it is necessary to make molding along the outer edge of the future pallet.
The boards should be at least 5 mm wide. If the angle of joints is straight, you need to make a reinforcement so that the concrete does not displace the formwork. There is a drain system. The hinge is attached to the main pipe for easy installation, with a bell. In it is placed the shutter from the smells.
Then there is a rubber seal and a lattice made of stainless steel. However, it is better to remove and clog it with something in order to avoid clogging and future repairs. All connections are insulated with sealant. The pipe is placed on small pieces of a wooden board and is taken out through a hole in the formwork, made precisely by the diameter of the pipe. Or even before all work in the floor, you can make a dredging to lead the pipe to the main sewer. When installing the pipe, remember that there will be a layer of screed and cladding. After all, the grate should be a few mm below the tile.
A solution is made of concrete, sand and small gravel. In this case, it is better to use cement grade 400. A thin layer is poured onto the prepared bottom of the tray. After letting the screed dry for a couple of days, you can continue. On the width of the rails on the inside is put a new formwork. Concrete is poured into the resulting container between the formwork boards. The top of the edge can be made with smooth angles.
Sound insulation of the shower tray.
The height is determined by the master himself. You can throw a layer of ruberoid under the sides, but there is no big need. Allow to dry and remove formwork. Before installing the pallet, you can lay cables or pipes of the warm floor. After drying from the inside, again apply a layer of waterproofing and screed. The screed should be made of sand and cement with a slope to the drain. After drying, sand and prime to make the surface smooth. Then cover with a layer of fibreoresins. You can start facing. For this pallet, the mosaic and tiles are suitable.
The tile is fixed during the repair to waterproof glue. If you put a plate, then the edges of the sides should be with the corners. First you need to measure the area and adjust the tile. After diluting the adhesive and the notched trowel put under the tile. Gently apply and crush the tile, walking in the corners of a rubber hammer. To determine the correctness of the angles between the tiles, special crosses should be placed in the gap. Just need to have time to remove them before the glue dries. After installing the entire tile, you need to clean the seams and wipe with a special grout. Wash the tile and put the reticulum on the sink.
Alternatively, you can do the following. A complete cleaning of the surface and waterproofing is done. A drainage pipe with a sealed ladder is brought out. The screed is poured. In this case, the walls of bricks will be appropriate. The pipe outlet must be level with the screed. For repair you will need:
- boards of larch;
- wood varnish;
- a jig saw or a saw;
- self-tapping screws;
It is necessary to measure the width and length of the shower tray with a tape measure. Then cut the pieces of larch in such a way that they clearly stand in the pallet, with a gap of about 1-2 cm. Also, on the width, set 2-3 boards for stability. Using screws and a screwdriver, assemble a shield.
Then it must be opened with a varnish and put dry. In the meantime, prepare a pallet. Align the surface, primed and coated with fibrosin. To decorate the sides with mosaic or tiles in the color of planks.
Thoroughly rub the surface of the tiles and wash them. When everything dries, you can paint the bottom of the pallet with enamel to match the color of the tiles and the wooden shield. Install the shield in the pallet. All is ready!