Finishing the bathroom with tiled tiles is a very common type of design. It has been so improved due to modern technological materials that the independent facing of the bathroom is not difficult. However, it is necessary to take into account certain requirements for the process and result to be perfect.
Finishing the bathroom with tiles is a common kind of decoration, Kayael is not afraid of temperature changes and high humidity, therefore it retains its appearance for many years.
The basis of the work is a tile in order to correctly choose its quantity, a preliminary calculation is necessary through the measurements of the bathroom room. It is best to make a plan of the surface, where the tile will be laid. It defines all the places where the tiles will be laid not as a whole, but as a cut piece (Fig. 1).
The exact calculation is important not to produce in square or running meters, but in the number of tiles going to the lining. Since the size of the walls or the floor is not always the same as the size of the tile, in such cases the tiles are cut. Precise measurement, in turn, will prevent from cutting excess and will allow producing the necessary amount of material.
If the colors and sizes of tiles are already selected, then the owners should pay attention to its appearance. All parts must be the same and whole, without chips and potholes. Therefore, experts strongly recommend choosing a tile yourself, without resorting to the services of third parties, unless you prefer the services of professional masters-finishers, as well as purchase tiles from one batch.
Figure 1. The layout of the tile is done to calculate the number of tiles, as well as to know where to put whole or cut tiles.
The bathroom should be finished in a prepared room. The most important condition for laying tiles is that the lining must be made on a flat surface of the wall or floor. If the tile is placed on a brick surface, it is necessary to pre-plaster the brickwork. This is a protracted process, which entails a waste of time and extra money for the purchase of additional materials.
If the tiled bathroom is finished on a concrete surface that requires a certain degree of leveling, this process can be done with a primer. Such putty materials improve the surface of walls and floors to the highest level.
If the walls or the floor of the bathroom are not freed from the previous tile, it is worth doing with a perforator. First it is better to make a chipping, using a chisel, which you need to poke the corner of the tile. The owners, who have tiled the bathroom with a tile is already on a flat surface, it remains only to prepare additional materials for the work and start working.
List of tools for the lining process:
- adhesive tile solution;
- tile cutter (glass cutter);
- wooden hammer;
- spatula spatula;
- a spatula for rubber;
- building level;
- tile grout;
- capacity for adhesive tile composition;
- tile crosses for the thickness of gaps in the tile joints.
Figure 2. Adhesive composition is applied with a spatula on a small area that is being processed, and not on the entire surface of the floor or wall or on the tile itself.
Modern production technologies help to improve and simplify repair work. This leads to a certain variability of glue in the sales markets. The choice of glue composition for tiles in bathrooms should fall on its moisture-resistant types for interior cladding works.
If the preliminary work on leveling the floors and walls is over, then you can proceed to the very process of decorating the bathroom with tiles.
According to the recommendations of experts, it is better to start from the floor, if it is meant laying the material on both it and the walls.
The first row of tiles should take its origin from a corner far from the bathroom door and strictly parallel to the wall. In the case of walls, the working process of laying the tile should take its origin from the bottom of the wall to the ceiling.
Due to the adhesive properties of the adhesive, the finish with tiles does not require the application of a large amount of glue. One layer will be enough on the wrong side of the square. For safety, one layer can be applied to the surface that is lined, and then traversed the layer with a notched trowel. The teeth perfectly distribute the adhesive on the work surface. But then it is worth considering that the time between applying glue to the wall or floor and applying tiles to them should not exceed 10 minutes. In addition, the solution should not be applied immediately to the entire floor and walls, but gradually to small areas that are treated (Figure 2).
Figure 3. In order for the masonry to be flat, cross stitches are inserted between the seams, and controlled by the building level.
The tile is pressed against the surface lightly and gently with a wooden hammer. If such a tool does not appear, a small wooden bar will do. To maintain a uniform thickness of the interlace joint, special crosses are inserted between the following tile squares. The masonry is periodically controlled by the building level. If necessary, the degree of its evenness is adjusted to the ideal (Figure 3).
В тех местах, где необходимо обогнуть унитаз, в случае укладки кафеля на пол плитку режут с помощью плиткореза. Также подойдет стандартный стеклорез. Preparatory stage - начертание карандашом линии, по которой необходим срез. Затем по очерченной линии следует пройтись плиткорезом. И далее по схеме следует отделка кафелем ванной комнаты с помощью резанных плиточных частей. Укладывать плитку к стене не следует слишком близко, стоит оставлять минимальное расстояние для последующей облицовки плиткой стены. Высыхать кафель должен не менее суток.
Wiping of seams
Trowelling of the floor or walls is carried out after the complete laying and removal of interlacing crosses. When the cladding is fully seized, the seams are rubbed with a special tool. It is selected for the color of the tile, applied with a rubber spatula on the entire surface. This prevents the expansion of joints in further use, especially with temperature changes and in case of underfloor heating, and also with the appearance of minor blemishes during the finishing process. In addition, the grout protects against accumulation of excess dirt and mold in the seams.
The applied trowel should be allowed to grasp and dry for 15-20 minutes, and then wash it off with a sponge soaked in warm water. Wash the tile grout recommended not along the seams, but in a circle, trying not to wash the newly applied mixture from the seam. Otherwise, you will need to overwrite everything again.
After a few hours, when the trowel is completely absorbed into the seams, the surface of the tile should be wiped with a dry cloth. It is better to do this in a mask, since a caustic dust from the trowel can rise. Only after that, the entire renovated surface will acquire a beautiful appearance, the finishing of the bathroom with tiles will be considered finished.