Some consumers have the impression that the mosaic, laid on the walls or the floor of the bathroom, has a very unattractive appearance. It was still in Soviet times, but today the modern decoration of this type is becoming more widespread and looks very attractive. If you decided to use a mosaic to house a bathroom, you first have to choose which variety of this cover to purchase.
The mosaic is laid on perfectly flat walls. To level the surface you will need cement and level.
So, the mosaic can be glass, it is preferred by those consumers who wish to receive a finish that is resistant to moisture and chemicals. If there is no desire to do a design that is different from the classical one, then it is worth choosing a ceramic mosaic, which in appearance will resemble traditional ceramics. In addition, choosing this option, you can use a wide range of colors, shapes and textures, the surface of products can be not only glossy, but also matte. If you decide to lay the mosaic with your hands on the floor, then it is recommended to choose one that is made on the basis of natural stone. The coating has high strength and moisture resistance, and the life span of the material is rather high. As a material for such a mosaic may be onyx, granite, etc.
Extremely widespread in recent years is a mosaic of plastic, which is also called polymer. This material is excellent for rooms whose conditions are characterized by high humidity. The plastic in this version surpasses the natural samples in a number of ways.
Ways of laying the mosaic.
In the bathroom, before laying the mosaic, it is necessary to equip the screed with regard to the floor, while the walls must be free of irregularities and defects. Mosaic with their own hands on the floor in the bathroom should fit within 10 days after the screed has been equipped.
To purchase the material should be with a margin, which can be equal to 10% of the total amount, this is necessary in order to prevent the need to buy products to replace the damaged during installation, some tiles may also have manufacturing defects.
The mosaic must be laid by hand after the preparation of a portion of the glue. It is recommended to use a special waterproofing or adhesive compound, the latter option should be purchased if you have to work with a cement screed. The bathroom will look aesthetically pleasing if the mosaic is laid without defects, which implies the correct choice of the glue, which must be transparent or have a white color, then this will not affect the shade of the coating.
The first part of the stages of laying the mosaic.
Before installation, in addition to the rubber spatula, you should buy a spatula-comb, which must be selected for the dimensions of the mosaic tiles. You need to buy such a tool, the size of the teeth which is more than one element of the mosaic in 2 times. For example, if you have to work with the material, the cells of which are equal to 2x2 cm, then you need a spatula with 4 cm teeth. To eliminate excess solution and rub the surface of the finish you will use a sponge, the correctness of the seams can be provided by spacers represented by crosses.
Before laying the mosaic with your own hands, you should make a markup, regardless of whether the matrix or individual mosaic tiles are used in the work. The layout in the bathroom should be carried out as follows. Initially, the tiles of the coating should be spread out on the base of the floor. Individual components need to be measured and labeled.
This is necessary in order to apply glue on the territory, which at a time must be laid with tiles.
It is not recommended to apply the compound immediately to a large surface, as the glue will dry until all the areas are covered.
Bathroom will look beautiful if you stack the material gradually. Do not press the tiles before they are adjusted. If the floor is level, and the tool is selected correctly, the final fastening and pressing of the products will not show the composition on the front surface. After the tile is laid on the entire floor area, and the adhesive composition dries, you can proceed to grouting the seams.
The second part of the stages of laying the mosaic.
Glue should be applied with a spatula, arranging the layer, the thickness of which does not exceed 4 mm. If tiles are used on paper, then glue it to the face, while the products on the grid are strengthened by the rear. Adhesive composition should be applied not only on the reverse surface of the tile, but also on the base. The product must be pressed firmly with a rubber spatula.
It is possible to apply a glue solution of Sopro 455. This composition is thin-layered and is based on white cement. It is perfectly suited for working with a stain-sensitive white stone and glass mosaic. Clean the tile after laying it is possible and a toothbrush, it is recommended to use the one that has medium rigidity for this.
For the work, some of the following materials and tools should be prepared:
- putty knife;
The general scheme of mosaic paving in the bathroom.
Initially, carefully, from any angle, a layer of paper should be removed from the front surface. The substrate must be wet beforehand. The grouting process should be performed alternately horizontally and vertically, with the use of a rubber spatula. Excess amount of grout must be removed, making diagonal movements, which will be done 30-60 minutes after the distribution of the mixture.
In order to get rid of the composition, you do not need to wait for it to completely freeze. The sponge will remove the mixture from the mosaic. Do not allow the grout to be removed from the seams. The final stage will be polishing a clean surface with a felt or other alternative material. If you decide to start this kind of work, it should be noted that the bathroom can not be used for another two weeks after the completion of the installation.
The installation of mosaic tiles involves carrying out a process that is not as laborious as when working with ceramic traditional tiles. And for small rooms the mosaic often becomes the only true solution, because the overall tile does not look very aesthetically, and the small one makes the floor piled up with extra elements. Mosaic suggests more interesting solutions with respect to patterns, textures and shades. In the case of large bathrooms, such a tile can also be used for zoning, which will allow you to get rid of the partitions.