The tile is a fine facing material, well-established and very popular. Modern tile is actively used for finishing not only bathrooms and kitchens, but any residential and technical premises.
An interesting effect for the bathroom walls is the combination of different tile options.
Qualitatively, the wall can be tiled with a ceramic tile by anyone who is not prone to "laziness" attacks. We give a description of the technology of laying tiles, the consistent implementation of which guarantees a good result. Materials:
- the wicking foundation;
- adhesive solution;
- trowelling mass.
- tile cutting machine;
- spatulas: simple, notched, rubber.
Selection and calculation of quantity
Technology of laying tiles on the wall surface.
When choosing a tile, you should consider that it has four strength classes. The first is the weakest and lightest. This tile glazed walls in the bathrooms and toilets. Accordingly, the fourth is the most durable. These tiles are laid out the entrances to the room. To calculate the necessary amount of tiles on the wall, you need to determine the way of laying. For the walls, three variants are most often used: traditional (joint at the butt), diagonal and chess (it is also called "brick", "uncontrolled" or "dressing"). The number of tiles per unit area in each case will be different. The surface of the wall under the finish is carefully measured. According to the chosen way of laying and the chosen size of the tile, the number of whole tiles is calculated. In addition, the number of tiles intended for cutting and processing is added. The configuration of the wall and the presence of additional complications are taken into account: sockets, wires, pipe leads, corners, ledges, hollows.
There is a large selection of ceramic tiles for the bathroom: according to color, texture, size.
Here also elements of decor are added: friezes, borders and so on. The total amount of necessary tile material is necessarily added to the reserve: 1-2 m2 tiles for the correction of unpleasant situations in the form of combat, spoilage of cut tiles, mistakes during laying. The layout of the future tile layer is best sketched in the form of a drawing with an exact designation of all sizes.
Layout of tiling on the walls.
Ideal for laying tiles on walls - a flat wall both horizontally and vertically. Angles - strictly 90 °, and the surface itself without "errors": hillocks or depressions. An important factor of success is the provision of high adhesive properties of the surface. Therefore, the wall must be prepared.
With the help of level and plummet, the whole surface is measured. Possible deviations from the horizontal and vertical are detected. In the case of large errors, the plaster is leveled using a reinforcing mesh.
The surface after the plaster does not shpaklyuetsya and does not polish, as the resulting "roughness" is best suited for adhesion to ceramics. "Errors" are eliminated by cement plaster or putty. Painted surfaces are cleaned, "marked" with a perforator or special ax. The wall is primed with an adhesive solution.
Laying the tile begins with a wall opposite the front door. First, the bottom row of the tile is marked. From the bottom surface, the expected level of the future floor is marked, from which the line is measured upwards to a height slightly below the height of the tile. On this line is fixed the bar, which serves as a support for the lower row.
For the walls of the bathroom, you can combine the layout of the tiles.
The horizontal row is marked so that there remains as little cutting as possible along the corners. The adhesive base is diluted. The glue is applied to the wall with a spatula, then the surplus is removed with a notched trowel. The spatula cells can be of different sizes, depending on the class of tile. For the first class, just 0.5 cm is enough. Do not apply glue on too large a surface. The optimum area is 3-4 tiles.
The tile is gently applied to the glue and slightly moves to the sides to get a good grip on the glue. The following tiles are glued in the same way. Intertributed seams are formed. For this, special crosses are used, which are inserted into the gaps between the tiles, ensuring smooth seam lines, horizontal and vertical. At first the whole tiles are laid, then the others are cut and pasted.
The last stage is grouting joints. It is produced after the glue has dried. Crosses are taken out of the seams. Sutures are cleaned. Using a rubber spatula, the trowel is clogged. The surplus mass is removed with a damp sponge.
Thus, with a well-prepared wall and no fuss during laying, even a beginner can get a good result.