Types and features of mixers

Speaking of mixers and cranes, very often there is a substitution of one concept for another. But from the name it can be concluded that in the first case the user receives a plumbing device acting on the principle of mixing water of different temperatures, hence the name - the mixer. Whereas the tap is simply a shut-off element of the pipeline. Today, there is a fairly large selection of models, so you should first study what types of mixers are, before you go for a purchase.

The device of a modern mixer with an aerator and built-in filter

The device is a modern mixer with an aerator and built-in filter.

By type of fasteners

In order for the mixer to function properly and for a sufficiently long time, it is necessary to determine which of the following types is suitable for a particular washbasin and bathtub model:

Single-lever mixer circuit

Single-lever mixer circuit.

  1. Wall - more often used in the bathroom than in the kitchen. By this type of plumbing devices are usually attached directly to the outgoing communication walls.
  2. Pre-installed - this type of mixer is connected to the outlet hoses in specially prepared holes for the manufacturer.
  3. Mortise - varieties of this option imply the need for fastening holes for the installation of plumbing devices. This solution is usually used in case when the layout of the bathroom or kitchen is non-standard and the installation of models of mixers of an unusual configuration is calculated.

Given that in the bath in most cases there are no fixing holes, then the most suitable option will be mortise or wall mixers. But for the kitchen the most common solution is the pre-installed version of the sanitary unit.

According to the principle of action

But not only the type of installation should be selected mixers. In order to obtain the most functional locking element, it is recommended to pay attention to the operating principle of each. If we consider the features of the functioning of mechanisms of this kind, then we can distinguish the following types of mixers:

  • single-lever;
  • two-valve;
  • sensory.

Each of these options is recommended to operate under certain conditions in order to increase their efficiency.

If we consider these models from a financial point of view, then the most expensive of all are the latter.

Single lever

Diagram of a two-ventilated mixer

Diagram of a two-valve mixer.

This type of device operates on the basis of a rotary lever. Here we can distinguish the following designs: with the possibility of turning the lever element in a horizontal or vertical plane. Single-lever mixers are more often installed in the kitchen, which is explained by the convenience of operation in specific conditions, since during washing dishes it is easier to regulate the water supply by means of a pivoting lever. For this action, you do not need to release any of the two hands, since there is enough action on the wrist mechanism.

This version of the device is found in two versions, different from each other constructively:

  • with a ball mechanism made of metal;
  • with a ceramic mechanism.

In both cases overlapping of access apertures occurs. Only the first of these uses a ball, and in the second - a plate. The main disadvantage of this type is short-lived, since the duration of operation is affected by the quality of water, which usually leaves much to be desired.

Two-valve

Connection scheme for an automatic sensor mixer

Scheme of connection of an automatic sensor mixer.

From the name it is guessed that in the mechanism of this type of device there are two valves: for hot and cold water. If one of them is used, then the mixer functions according to the principle of the crane, that is, it is simply a locking element. When two valves are opened, water is mixed immediately at the outlet - in the nozzle of the device. This is a classic mixer model, which to this day has not lost its popularity, since it is commonly believed that this option is one of the most reliable among analogues.

There are two-ventilated mixers in the following versions: with a crane-beech along with a gasket made of rubber or ceramics, as well as overlapping openings located on ceramic plates. If we consider both models in terms of ease of operation, the second option is presented in a more favorable light, because to turn on the water it is enough to turn the valve by only a quarter, whereas in the first variant it will be necessary to unscrew the locking element thoroughly.

Sensory

As an alternative, but more expensive due to the use of high technology, you can use this kind of sanitary equipment. The principle of its operation is based on a photocell, which reacts to the arm brought to the nozzle or to another part of the body. For the successful operation of this technique, electronic circuits are used, which makes it possible to dispense with gates and other regulators.

Water is supplied with the specified parameters: a certain temperature and traffic intensity. This model requires electrical power, which is realized in two ways: with the help of batteries or with direct connection to the mains. Of the disadvantages can be allocated high cost and not too high degree of reliability. In this regard, the two-valve and single-lever mechanism is ahead.

As you can see, the range of sanitary devices today is sufficient to equip your bathroom or kitchen, taking into account individual requirements. Along with the technical characteristics and type of attachment, one should also take into account the design of the mixer, since each of the types has external differences from other options. With all the factors in mind, you can select the model you want.

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