How to choose a kitchen sink in terms of economy, design and durability, taking into account the size of the kitchen and the frequency of use? Let's look at it in order.
Step 1. Select the shape and dimensions
The best thing before going to the store first thing to decide on the shape and size of the sink for the kitchen.
The main dimensions: 50x50 cm, 60x60 cm.
Characteristics: comfortable for washing dishes, roomy, familiar, the assortment of square washers is most diverse both in design, and in functionality, and in size.
The basic sizes: 55х50, 50х80, 50х100, 50х125 and others.
Characteristic: comfortable, suitable for narrow countertops, but keep in mind that rectangular bowls, located long side across the table top are less convenient to use.
Diameters: 45-51 cm.
Characteristics: round shells are much more convenient to wash due to the absence of corners, they are more spacious than rectangular, but most often do not have additional sections.
Separately, select non-standard forms:
- Triangular (angled) - ideally suited in case you need to save space.
- Pentagonal and hexagonal - the most modern form, formed by the side wings, capacious, can be mounted in a corner or along a wall. Suitable for large kitchens.
- The main rule: the size of the bowl should be such that the distance from its sides to the wall, the edge of the countertop and / or the sides of the curbstone was not less than 5 cm;
- The optimum depth of the bowl: 16-20 cm is the golden mean, because:
- deeper washes will be inconvenient - in the process of washing dishes have to bend over. They are good only if you often need to wash the baking sheets, draw water into deep bottles and wash very large pans;
- Washing with a bowl depth of less than 15 cm is also inconvenient, since water is sprayed from them.
- Very often small shells that are placed in small kitchens, compensate for their small size of the depth of the bowl.
Step 2. Compare: stainless steel, ceramic and artificial stone
There are the following types of kitchen sinks:
- Stainless steel sinks
Characteristics: Kitchen sinks from stainless steel (chromium-nickel alloy) - the best-selling. They fit well in any interior, inexpensive, light and resistant to corrosion and mechanical damage. Models from stainless steel are mirror (polished), matte and textured, slightly rough.
Tip: it's better to choose a sink with a rough surface, since the scratches on it are less visible, but such options are more expensive.
- Stainless steel shells are the most "noisy", but you can install a special noise-absorbing substrate at the bottom of the back;
- Stainless steel, especially matte and mirror, is strongly scratched.
How to choose a stainless steel kitchen sink?
- Going to the store, take a magnet with you. Attaching it to the sink, you can determine the quality of the material.
- The lighter and thinner the sink, the faster it will become unusable. The minimum permissible thickness of stainless steel is 0.12 mm, but this option is more suitable for cottages or in case you rarely wash dishes. If you want the shell to serve long and better "sitting" on the countertop, look for stainless steel shells 2-3 mm thick. In addition, a heavy mixer can only be installed on such a sink.
- Kitchen sinks made of stainless steel can be made of one-piece (made of 1 steel sheet, so the seam is not visible) and welded (have a seam, and therefore worse in quality).
Separately, we distinguish enameled sinks - they are somewhat worse in performance than stainless steel versions, they do not take shock loads well because of them the enamel can break off, as a result of which the corrosion process in the steel base will begin. At the same time, they are budgetary and can look quite nice, so that for a holiday home you will hardly find an option better.
- Ceramic are the basis of faience or porcelain with a protective enamel layer.
Enamel is not oxidized and does not scratch, and can also be made in different colors and even patterns. And these washings are better than others in classical kitchens, interiors in country and retro style. But they are much more expensive, heavier than all other washers, they do not differ in impact resistance and require professional installation.
- Of artificial stone, or rather granite crumb and acrylic (there are also sinks made of quartz sand and artificial marble).
Such shells are easy to care for, they are much less noisy than stainless steel sinks, they look good, they are wear-resistant, they are shock-resistant, they can be made in 10 colors, so you can pick up a shell that is close in color to the countertop.
But they also have cons - they are afraid of hot, for example, hot pans and coloring products like beets. In addition, they are relatively more expensive.
See more: Kitchen sink made of artificial stone - 8 tips for choice
Step 3. Determine how many sections you need: one or more?
- With one bowl, the simplest ones are for small working areas.
- With two or four bowls - functional and roomy.
- With side wings designed for drying. By the way, wings provide additional protection for countertops, and in general with them washing is more convenient. Even if you have a very small kitchen, try to get a sink with at least a small wing like in the photo below.
Tip: if two or three-piece washes are not suitable for one reason or another, buy just a special bucket for washing vegetables.
Step 4. Choose a sink by the way of installation - a waybill, mortise, under-table or built-in
Classify the products and the installation method. Models from stainless steel, stone, ceramics or polymers (both single and double) can be:
- Overhead - mounted on the cube by the principle of the lid. Ideal for modular furniture.
- Mortise - protrude above the working surface, mounted directly into the countertop, for which it cuts a hole in advance.
- Built in the level with a countertop - a rare type of sinks, they are installed only by professionals and are more expensive.
- Substrate - built in below the level of table tops. This method of installation ensures hygiene and convenience in operation, the sinks look beautiful, but are more expensive than others;
Step 5. Select accessories
Today you can choose not only a suitable model of the sink, but also accessories for kitchen sinks. This can be: an additional tap, a filter module for cleaning and drinking water, as well as a disposer (an electrical device that grinds the remains of products that enter the drain), an automatic bottom valve, and just colander for double washes, boards, buckets and dryers.