Design and repair of kitchen in khrushchev - 13

The kitchen in Khrushchev has two main disadvantages - a small area (from 5 to 7.5 sq. M.) And low ceilings (2.5 - 2.7 m). And it is often gasified, that is, it has pipes and / or a gas column, which spoil the interior. But we have good news:

  • First, the kitchens in most of Khrushchev's houses have curtain walls, which means they can easily be rebuilt.
  • Secondly, the problem of small kitchens is so widespread that the furniture manufacturers have adjusted it for a long time, and the designers have worked out a lot of ideas and effective solutions how to make the mini-kitchen cozy and functional.

Today we will tell you about 13 ways to squeeze the most out of a modest "Khrushchev" kitchen and imagine 90 photos of real interiors for your inspiration.

See also:

  • Kitchen design 5 sq.m. meters from repair to decoration
  • How to equip the kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. meters
  • Kitchen 7 sq. M. meters for 9 steps

13 solutions for kitchen arrangement in Khrushchev

Solution 1. Combining the kitchen with the living room

This variant of redevelopment is not in vain so popular among the owners of Khrushchev, because it is simple, super-efficient and almost always allowed for non-gasified kitchens. Of course, you can not find extra meters from nowhere, but at least you can take out the dining table in the living room, thereby freeing up space for the working area, and visually the kitchen will seem much more spacious. In addition, the combined premise is good in that it creates excellent conditions for family communication. So, for example, all members of the family can be next to each other, while doing their own things, and mothers get the opportunity to cook, eyeing the children with one eye. Even home celebrations and parties organize in the kitchen-living room is handier and more fun.

The combined kitchen-living room in Khrushchev

An example of uniting a kitchen and a hall in a one-room Khrushchevka

The combined kitchen-living room in Khrushchev

  • However, there are also disadvantages - because of the lack of partition from the kitchen into the living room will penetrate culinary smells and impregnate all the textiles in the room. The same applies to "kitchen" noises, say, from the water released, the hood, the blender, the teapot, etc. To lie down lying on the couch while someone is actively cooking in the kitchen, or make a noise, going to work while everyone is asleep, is unlikely to get . If these shortcomings of the combined kitchen-living room are important for you, think about Decision # 2 - the transfer of the partition.

Read also: Design of a stylish kitchen-living room: ways of zoning and decoration.

Before you break the walls, you have to go to the BTI, order a redevelopment project and coordinate it (even if you are sure that the wall is not bearing).

Solution 2. Increase the kitchen due to the adjoining premises

If the combined kitchen-living room does not fit into your lifestyle, or if your kitchen is gasified, then you can increase its area due to the adjacent premises - living room, pantry or corridor. Thus, the kitchen will become slightly larger, but it will remain isolated, which, to be honest, is much more convenient for living. Here are a few ideas:

  • Most often the kitchen is enlarged at the expense of the living room by transferring the partition. Below is an example of a plan for a two-room apartment in Khrushchevka before and after repairs.

Apartment plan before and after redevelopment

Further in the photo you can consider an example of an interior kitchen in one-room Khrushchev, which was rebuilt in this way.

Kitchen 6 square meters. m in Khrushchev

  • Kitchen 6 square meters. m in Khrushchev
  • Kitchen 6 square meters. m in Khrushchev
  • Kitchen 6 square meters. m in Khrushchev
  • Interior of living room
  • Interior of living room
  • If you combine the bathroom with the toilet, replace the bath with a shower, and move the partition, it will be possible to expand the kitchen or create a niche for the refrigerator. This project is not legalized often, but those who live on the ground floor, the chances are pretty high. Below is an example of a kitchen in Khrushchev, enlarged by a bathroom, a bathroom and a living room.
  • Kitchen in Khrushchev, increased due to bathroom, bathroom and living room
  • Kitchen in Khrushchev, increased due to bathroom, bathroom and living room
  • Kitchen in Khrushchev, increased due to bathroom, bathroom and living room
  • Kitchen in Khrushchev, increased due to bathroom, bathroom and living room
  • Kitchen in Khrushchev, increased due to bathroom, bathroom and living room
Bathroom and bathroom

But like after the redevelopment, it looks like a bathroom and a bathroom

Solution 3. Sliding doors or an open doorway

Swing doors in the mini-kitchen occupy a lot of useful space and generally clutter the interior. You can, at a minimum, rearrange the hinges so that the door opens to the outside, and as a maximum - replace the swing door folding or sliding like in the interior of the kitchen in the photo below.

  • Kitchen with sliding doorThanks to the sliding doors it was possible to facilitate a tight space, to ensure the comfort of movement from the kitchen to the dining room even with dishes and food on hands and not violate the rules of SNIP
  • Kitchen with sliding doorThanks to the sliding doors it was possible to facilitate a tight space, to ensure the comfort of movement from the kitchen to the dining room even with dishes and food on hands and not violate the rules of SNIP

Small kitchen in Khrushchev

If the kitchen is not gasified, you can completely remove the door, leaving the opening open and, possibly, remake it into a beautiful arch, as shown in the next photo.

Arched opening

Arch in the kitchen

And one more tip. Doing repairs to the kitchen in the Khrushchev, do not miss the opportunity to move the opening and / or slightly to reduce it (up to 80-70 cm). Even a couple dozen free centimeters of the wall often play a big role.

Solution 4. Remodeling the window sill in the countertop

A window sill is this hidden reserve, which you can use to save space and make the kitchen more functional. But for this, it needs to be remodeled a little, namely to build into the kitchen set or turn into a bar counter / table.

  • Having built a window sill in a U-shaped and corner kitchen set, you can use it as a cutting table, while you hide the radiator and create additional storage spaces. However, for this, in the process of repair, it is necessary to slightly raise the window to bring the window sill to the level of the pedestals.
  • Window sill as a part of the headset
  • Window sill as a part of the headset
  • Altering a window sill in a bar or dining table often does not require lifting the window, you just need to replace the window top on the table top and install under it one or two supports (if you make a full table).

Window sill bar counter

Table from the window sill

Re-making the windowsill, make sure that the warm air from the radiator reaches the window. To do this, in the new worktop you need to make ventilation holes and decorate them with a decorative grille. If this is ignored, most likely, the window will start to fog, which threatens damage to the finish and the emergence of fungus and mold.

See material on the subject: Window sill and its variations - table top, bar counter, table.

Decision 5. A bet on modern minimalism or simplified classics

The choice of the style of the interior is a matter of taste, but still small spaces are more advantageous and easier to design in a modern manner. For example, in the Scandinavian or Japanese style, as well as in the style of minimalism, hi-tech or eco.

Below in the photo you can consider an example of kitchen design in Khrushchev, decorated in Scandinavian style.

  • Kitchen 5,8 sq. M
  • Kitchen 5,8 sq. M
  • Kitchen 5,8 sq. M
  • Kitchen 5,8 sq. M
  • Kitchen 5,8 sq. M
  • Living room
  • Living room
  • The gray kitchen is 5.8 sq. M. m in Scandinavian style
  • The gray kitchen is 5.8 sq. M. m in Scandinavian style

However, lovers of classics and ethnics should not abandon their preferences. It is only necessary to simplify the chosen style a little, for example, by applying a minimum of decor, placing a bet on light shades and reflective materials.

  • Classical cuisineKitchen interior in classical style
  • Classical cuisineKitchen interior in classical style

And here is an example of kitchen design in Khrushchev, decorated in a light version of ethnic style.

  • Brown kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Brown kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Brown kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Brown kitchen in Khrushchev

Solution 6. Light walls and furniture

In the perception of space a lot depends on the color of the walls and overall furniture. An unerring way to increase the mini-kitchen of the Khrushchev - decorate most of the interior in white tones.

  • If your kitchen does not have enough natural light or it is chock-full of furniture, make a bet on monochrome: paint the walls with white paint, choose a white suite, a dining table and even curtains on the windows. So all the boundaries of space will be erased, and the kitchen will seem airy, even if it is very crowded. Do not worry about the complexity of care, because in fact, light surfaces are even more practical than dark ones (except for textiles) and visually make the situation more accurate. And in order to avoid the sensation of hospital sterility, you only need to combine with each other different shades of white and combine effective textures and materials.
White small kitchen in Khrushchevka

White kitchen in the Khrushchev-studio

By the way, when there is no possibility to hide pipes and water heater, white facades and walls, including an apron, help you out. After all, against this background, the engineering elements will simply not be noticeable.

  • If you want to fill the interior with color, combine white with one or two additional shades. Too bright or dark colors use only in accents, otherwise the small kitchen will only decrease.
  • White kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. mDesign of 6-meter kitchen in Khrushchev with a gas column
  • White kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. mDesign of 6-meter kitchen in Khrushchev with a gas column
  • White kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. mDesign of 6-meter kitchen in Khrushchev with a gas column
  • White kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. mDesign of 6-meter kitchen in Khrushchev with a gas column

White kitchen area of ​​6 square meters. m

  • By the way, dark colors can also visually increase the kitchen. To do this, they need to draw up vertical surfaces, for example, an apron, facades a headset, a door or part of a wall, and everything else should be painted with a light tint. As a result, the dark section will go deep, making the space more voluminous.
  • If desired, the white color can be replaced by light gray, beige, gray-blue, pale-lime, pale yellow or cream.

Solution 7. Finishing with optical illusion

To visually move the walls, the floor should be laid diagonally or, if the kitchen is narrow, across it. The most winning drawing of the laying of the wooden floor is in the Christmas tree or in the descent. It is important that the floorboards are not too wide and long, since they have the property of "squeezing" the space. The color of the floor can be light or medium saturated - such coatings and care are easier, and the area is enlarged. With the decoration of the walls, similar principles work:

  • Typical for Khrushchev problem of low ceilings (height 2.5-2.6 m) can be solved by pasting on one or two walls wallpaper in a thin vertical strip or in a diamond.
  • Design kitchens 6,5 sq. M
  • Design kitchens 6,5 sq. MIdeal kitchen wallpaper in Khrushchev with low ceilings - in a thin vertical strip or in a diamond
  • If the kitchen is narrow, but has ceilings no lower than 2.7 m, do exactly the opposite and paint one of the "end" walls in a horizontal strip to visually expand the room.
  • Photo wallpapers with perspective convincingly deceive the vision and deprive the kitchen of the feeling of crowdedness. The main thing is to make the most of the interior minimalist and neutral.

Photo wallpapers in a small kitchen

  • Often designers use focus with mirror, covering it with an apron, part of the wall in the dining area or one of the walls completely. This technique works particularly well if the window is reflected in the mirror, multiplying the light in the kitchen. Of course, mirrors require frequent cleaning, so if you often cook, give up the idea of ​​a mirror apron and place the mirror away from the stove and sink.
Mirrors in the interior of a small kitchen-dining room in Khrushchev

The larger the mirror surface, the more light and lighter the kitchen

  • The wallpaper with a large and bright pattern is to make out only one wall or a small section of the wall.

Solution 8. Corner or single-row headset to the ceiling

In a small kitchen in Khrushchev, the corner set or single row is optimal.

  • The corner set is less compact than single-row, but it allows two walls and an angle, it allows to organize more storage places and working surfaces. In addition, cook with this layout is more convenient, because the three working points (sink, refrigerator and stove) are arranged in a triangular pattern. At the same time, there is enough room in the kitchen for the dining room.
  • Corner kitchen with beveled curbstone
  • Corner kitchen with beveled curbstone
  • A single-row set is the most compact, so it is shown if the kitchen is very small (4-6 sq. M.) Or when the priority is the capacity of the dining room, not the work area.

Linear layout of a small kitchen

However, if you take out the dining room in the attached drawing room, there will be enough room for a U-shaped or two-row headset. The main thing in these plans is a free passage between furniture with a width of at least 90 cm, and preferably 100-120 cm.

  • The U-shaped set fits well into the square rooms. And although it is rather cumbersome, the kitchen is very convenient, because everything that the cook needs is literally at hand. In a small kitchen in Khrushchev's U-shaped set can be built using a window sill. In the next photo slider you can consider the interior of the kitchen with a similar layout and dining area in the living room.
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • U-shaped kitchen layout in Khrushchev
  • The two-row set is more like a narrow and elongated kitchen, it can also be very comfortable (assuming a passage of 100-120 cm) and combined with a window sill.

No matter how you put together your headset, we recommend that you provide several non-standard improvements:

  • Tumba at the passage is better to make narrowed and sloping, then moving around the kitchen will be much more convenient.

Corner kitchen with reduced sidewall

  • To use the potential of a small kitchen for 100%, the suite should be built up to the ceiling, hiding in the additional tier the air duct and equipping the lockers for things that you use only occasionally.
  • In the socle you can build a couple of drawers and fold them all kinds of rolling pins, baking molds, baking trays and other kitchen trifles.
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Boxes in the kitchen sink
  • Another reason for buying a kitchen to order is the possibility to hide the gas column behind the facade. Neither the bottom nor the top of this "locker" should not be, and from the case of the column to the walls of the cabinet you need to withstand a distance of not less than 3 cm. Below in the photo there is a clear, though not entirely correct example of boiler installation in the headset.
  • Gas column in the cabinetBefore you build a gas column in the kitchen cabinet, be sure to consult the gas service
  • Gas column in the cabinetBefore you build a gas column in the kitchen cabinet, be sure to consult the gas service

See also: Design and repair of kitchen with gas column.

Solution 9. Laconic facades

Want to achieve maximum ease and airiness of the interior? Then choose solid facades without any decor, panels, prints and maybe even without pens. However, gloss or glass inserts will not be superfluous, because they reflect light and visually lighten bulky furniture.

  • Minimalistic kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Minimalistic kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Minimalistic kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Minimalistic kitchen in Khrushchev

Solution 10. Mini-equipment

In the struggle for precious centimeters will help out mini format technology, with what, perhaps, even without compromising functionality.

  • The dishwasher is 45 cm wide - it fully meets the needs of a family of 3-4 people. If the apartment is inhabited by 1-2 people, then the model will fit even less - with a width of 35-40 cm.

Narrow PMM

  • A refrigerator 55 cm wide is quite capacious, since it compensates for the narrowness of the camera with high growth.
  • The oven can also be narrow (45 cm).
  • A cooker with three cooking rings will cope with the needs of a standard family, and a cooker with two burners is suitable for a couple or one person. By the way, according to the old rules of SNiPa, in a kitchen in a Khrushchevka the cooker should be exactly the mini format - with no more than three burners.

In addition to mini-equipment it is necessary to equip your kitchenette and multifunctional devices. For example, when choosing a combine, give preference to a model that squeezes juice and meat, and the oven should be selected with a microwave oven function.

All appliances - from microwave to refrigerator - it is desirable to build. So the little kitchen will look orderly and not cluttered.

Solution 11. Compact and functional dining room

Only from compact and functional furniture you can make a dining group for a small kitchen, otherwise it just will not fit.

  • For 1-2 people it will not be a problem to pick up a small sliding / folding table, which is easily increased in the case of guests.

Mini-table

  • For those who lead a mobile lifestyle, a bar counter or a folding wall table will do.
  • Corner kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Corner kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Corner kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Corner kitchen in Khrushchev
  • Corner kitchen in Khrushchev
  • For a family of 3-5 people it is necessary to choose a table of rectangular or square shape, preferably with rounded corners and, of course, folding / sliding type. Increase the seats at the same time help bench, installed at one of the walls. Unlike the chairs, the benches do not require a reserve of space behind the backrest and often have drawers for storage under the seat.
  • Kitchen 7,4 sq. MTable assembled in the kitchen area of ​​7 square meters. m in Khrushchev
  • Kitchen 7,4 sq. MTable assembled in the kitchen area of ​​7 square meters. m in Khrushchev
Kitchen 7,4 sq. M

A table with folding wings, which double the number of seats

  • In the combined kitchen-living room you can put the same bar, which not only becomes a place for meals, but also will divide space into zones.

Kitchen-living room in Khrushchev

Kitchen-living room in Khrushchev

  • More traditional option - round or oval table, which fits into the living room better than a rectangular or square table.

Kitchen 5.6 square meters. meters in Khrushchev

  • Also, you can put in the living room a coffee table-transformer, which in an instant turns into a roomy table for 4-6 people.
  • Chairs should be small and lightweight. It's good if they are collapsible or at least stacked on each other.

Dining area in a small kitchen

  • And still strongly recommend to look at the chairs-invisible polycarbonate. They are inexpensive, fit in any interiors, very practical, and most importantly - do not clutter tight rooms.
  • Transparent chair
  • Transparent chair

Solution 12. Several small lamps instead of one chandelier

Even the closest and furniture-packed kitchen will seem more spacious and cozy, if you create the right lighting in it. Conversely, no matter how well designed kitchen design in Khrushchev, bad light greatly spoil its perception.

  • For example, the usual central lighting of one chandelier will create unnecessary shadows and even more "squeeze" a small kitchen.

What to do? First, take care that in the daytime nothing penetrated the penetration of natural light - no things on the windowsill, no tulle, no curtains, no furniture. Secondly, instead of one chandelier or in addition to it, install several spotlights along the perimeter of the ceiling or wall sconces in several places in the kitchen. Third, highlight the dining area with light, hanging the chandelier directly above the table or by setting the sconce on the wall at the table. Thanks to this method, kitchen gatherings will be more pleasant, and the interior will become more modern. And, of course, do not forget about the illumination of the working area with the help of furniture illumination.

Example of lighting a small kitchen

An example of the correct lighting of a very small kitchen in a Khrushchev

Solution 13. Short curtains

If the kitchen faces the north and catastrophically lacks daylight, it is advisable to leave the window without curtains.

Kitchen 6 sq. m without a curtain

In all other cases, small kitchen windows should be designed with light and short curtains with minimal assembly. For example, it can be Roman or roller blinds, curtains, cafes, vertical or horizontal blinds or ordinary curtains that cover the windowsill a little.

Roman curtains in the kitchen in Khrushchev

Roman curtains in the kitchen in Khrushchev

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