Extracts are responsible for the cleanliness of the air, not only in the kitchen, but in the entire apartment. Before choosing this kitchen element is to deal with some nuances, which we will do in this article.
Can I live without stretching
When planning the kitchen and design of its design, often try to do without installing the hood. But those who did not install it sooner or later (sooner rather than later) understand their mistake, since the extract does not just purify the air during cooking - its work positively affects the health of the household.
After all, during operation, the extractor cleans the room of the products of gas combustion, and also cools the kitchen air, besides it significantly reduces the humidity, which prevents the reproduction of harmful bacteria.
Add to this the fact that in the presence of stretching reduces the likelihood of subsidence of fat on the kitchen set, which will add to its longevity and reduce the amount of cleaning work.
Of course, theoretically possible without it, but let's figure it out with the process of air exchange in the kitchen. Air usually gets into the apartment through doors and windows, while the smoke with steam is formed inside it.
In order to make it possible to ventilate the room, you should keep both windows and doors open, which contributes to drafts. If you do this in the summer or late spring, then no problem, but what about the airing in winter.
And if you consider that the hood can prevent a hazard in the event of a gas leak, then its installation is simply necessary. In addition, the current hoods have a diverse design, which makes it possible to use it not only as an air purifier, but also as an element of decor.
Principles of action
According to the principle of work, the hoods are divided into only two types. The first purify the air by drawing it, if more specifically, they draw steam and smoke and get rid of it by blowing through the vent.
The second type filters the outflow air, returning the purified back to the kitchen.
Filters are present in both types of extracts, only in the first there is a filter that cleans the air only of fat, the second one is equipped with two filters: fat and coal, which collects almost all harmful substances.
Hoods equipped with two filters have a switch from the exhaust mode to the filter filter, but if there is no charcoal filter in the hood, then it is possible to purchase it separately - the installation of the second filter is not difficult.During the operation of the hood, it is advisable to close the kitchen doors and windows tightly to avoid a drop in pressure, while opening a window in the next room.
Distinguish filters easily enough - fatty gray color, and coal black, which is explained by the content of activated carbon in it.
Also produced filters that perform both functions, they are called combined.
The main advantage of a filter made of soft material is then. That it can easily be fitted to any hood, just cutting off excess parts.
There are also "hard" filters: in the form of a metal frame in the case of a fat filter and a plastic frame for coal. The hard charcoal filter is usually round or rectangular in shape and has a liner of soft material with pores containing activated carbon.
Such a filter can only last a certain amount of time, it can not be washed, and after a while it should be replaced. The rigid filter for fat absorption is made of aluminum wire, which makes it durable enough.
Types of hood design
Previously, one of the drawbacks of the hood was called its appearance, all the same, hide such an assembly, if it is not built-in it is quite difficult, but now, with the appearance of different designs, there is the possibility to use the hood as a decorative element.
When choosing the style of the kitchen with the installation of a vent box, you need to take into account the size of the room and the type of kitchen set. Previously, hoods looked good only in hi-tech or loft styles, now there is an exhaust, suitable even for the pretentious style of Provence.
According to the type of structures, the hoods are divided into the following types:
Suspended or classic hoods are the most affordable and take up little space. To install them, you do not need to free space from the hood and up to the ceiling, since it can be hooked under a small hanging cupboard.
They are best suited for air filtration, which makes them indispensable in those kitchens where it is impossible to install an air duct. Such hoods are most often installed in small kitchens.
Dome hoods are the most powerful, so they are ideal for kitchens where you often have to cook. They often combine many functions and installed touch control, noise absorbing units and halogen for backlighting.
They can be equipped with an auto-off timer and an air intake mode in a certain perimeter. Dome hoods have a huge selection of design that will allow you to choose it for any kind of interior.
Built-in telescopic hoods are more powerful than classic ones, but they have less power than domed ones. The main advantage of this type of hood will be the ability to build in the closet above the stove, which allows you to install it without threatening to ruin any style of the kitchen.
Because of the possibility of extending the panel, they increase the air suction area. Of course, such hoods will cost more than hanging, but outperform them in performance and fit any type of headset.
Island types of hoods are most rarely found in our kitchens, as they are mounted in the middle of the room, which requires a large area and the location of the same plate.
They have the same power as the dome, but their installation can be difficult due to the awkward location of the duct.
What kind of hood suits your kitchen
When choosing a hood for the kitchen, it is important to evaluate its technical characteristics. Here it is necessary to take into account the power of air passing through the hood during the hour of operation.
If you have a small kitchen, on which you do not cook so often, exhaust hood with a capacity of 150-300 m3 per hour is quite suitable. If the family has 3-4 people, then it is worth looking at a more powerful hood with indicators from 400 to 500 m3 per hour.
Also it is necessary to take into account the frequency of air exchange, which means the ratio of the volume of the kitchen with purified air in an hour. The norm will be if the air is refreshed from 6 to 12 times in an hour.
For example, having a kitchen of 25 cubic meters (10 squares and 2.5 meters high), you will be able to update the air 6 times with a hood with a capacity of 150 m3 per hour.
Now you need to understand the size of the hood and the required distance from the cooker. The optimum size of the hood will be identical to the size of the tile, which means that the size of the hood will be small by 60 cm, because the width of the hob is on the average 60-90 centimeters.
Therefore, despite the draft of air and the size of the air duct, such a small hood, you are unlikely to achieve the desired effect. If you want to clean the air as much as possible, then with a plate width of 90 centimeters, the width of the hood should be at least 120 cm.
With regard to the height of the installation, the distance from the hood to the hob should not be less than 65 cm, which will help to avoid overheating of the equipment and the occurrence of a flammable situation.
Proper care - the guarantee of durability
The care of the hood is divided into the cleaning of its outer part, as well as the replacement and cleaning of filters that absorb harmful substances.
The hood is cleaned with an ordinary sponge using a cleaning agent, and special kitchen napkins are also suitable.If the hood is made of metal, it is not recommended to clean it with powder and aggressive detergents, as this will lead to scratches and stain removal.
After washing, it is required to wipe the housing dry, so that there are no traces of water. If the hood has glass elements, they can easily be wiped off with window aids. If it is a hood in the classical style with the use of wooden parts, sometimes it is required to process them with compositions with wax to give the tree freshness.
Fat filters are cleaned, on average, every 3-4 months. Some hoods are equipped with a special sensor, assessing the degree of filter clogging.It is important to remember that a dirty filter results in an increased load on the motor, which adversely affects the duration of the hood.
The best option for cleaning the metal filter for fat is to put it in the dishwasher, if not, then it is better to soak the filter in a detergent and then clean it with a special kitchen brush.
As it was said above, carbon filters can not be cleaned, they can only be replaced. However, you can extend its suitability - for this it is necessary, after finishing work in the kitchen, to leave the hood turned on for 10 minutes, which will allow the moisture to dry on the activated carbon installed in the filter. This will prevent coal caking.
On average, the carbon filter is changed every 4 to 6 months, depending on the intensity of use of the hood.It is important to understand that the hood is an electrical appliance, so before washing, be sure to disconnect it from the power supply and only after it has been wiped dry, it can be connected to the mains.
By regularly caring for the kitchen hood, you will not only improve its performance, but also extend its service life, which is important in light of the high cost of a good hood.
Follow all the criteria for choosing the hood and you will forever forget about the unpleasant smell in the kitchen and the greasy raid on furniture and walls.
Extracts for the kitchen photo of real interiors