Doing repairs in the apartment, you probably faced with difficulties in choosing the flooring in the kitchen. And trying to find a middle ground between the beauty of the cover and its practicality in 90% of cases, the choice converged on ceramic tiles.
Despite the large number of floor coverings: linoleum, parquet, cork, massive. Tile firmly ranks first in the market. Among the main advantages are that the tile is very durable material.
The thickness of the tile depends on its rigidity. If you manage to drop something very heavy and the tile will crack, you can always replace it by gluing a new element. Plus, it is unpretentious in care and easy enough to clean.
What you need to know before you go buy a tile
The first thing you should pay attention to before buying a ceramic tile is not its beauty, but its durability. What is the use of a beautiful combination of tiles with a kitchen set, if in a year or maybe earlier it will be covered with cracks and chips.
Choose a kitchen tile based on these characteristics:
- low level of slip;
- increased wear resistance;
- protection against chemicals;
- burn in the sun.
Low level of slip is the main criterion ensuring safety in the kitchen. Before buying, look at the packaging where the slip level should be indicated. The only suitable level is 0.75, everything below is dangerous and unsuitable for laying on the floor.
To determine the wear resistance, there is a special international scale PEI, also indicated on the package. For the kitchen, the third, fourth or fifth class on this classification is ideal.
You can also take a fifth class tile according to GOST. Such a tile will last longer than the others and will be characterized by increased resistance to chips and cracks.
Resistance to chemicals
Pay attention to how ceramic tiles transfer the impact of chemicals, as during the cleaning of tiles aggressive detergents are often used, which can damage the coating.
Increased resistance to chemicals has a class "AA" and "A", which should also be indicated on the packaging of the goods.
The level of moisture resistance of a tile directly depends on its porosity. Isolate porous and vitrified tiles. The more pores have coatings on its back surface, the more it absorbs moisture.
Therefore, for the kitchen the best option is low-porosity tiles, although large pores also contribute to the penetration of glue, and so this tile is easier and better attached. The glazed surface prevents moisture absorption.
Look for the image of the "sun" on the packaging, which will confirm the resistance to burn-out and allow the tile to retain its original color as long as possible.
Shape and size
The large size of the plates looks solid, but if you have a kitchen with a small area of 5-9 square meters, you should pay attention to the tiles with 20-by-25 and 25-by-25-square modules.
It can also come with tiles with smaller modules and even a mosaic. But keep in mind that the smaller the size of the tiles, the harder and more expensive it will be to lay it.
If you still decide to buy a tile with large modules in a small kitchen, be prepared that it will have to be cut often, which will result in a lot of waste that will spill into big waste even with the cheap installation of large tiles.
If you have a medium-sized kitchen 9-12 square meters. then the tiles of 33 by 33 and 40 by 40 centimeters are quite suitable.
In addition to the square form, rectangular tiles are often used. Often, a tile of this form is placed when it has the color of a parquet or simulates a brick and a stone.
Rectangular tiles will help visually expand the narrow kitchen. To achieve this effect, the long side of the tile should be laid perpendicular to the long wall of the room.
An unusual effect of the kitchen can be achieved by laying tiles of an unusual shape. For this, a hexagonal or rounded shape is suitable. Also used is a diamond shape and an undulating module.
Color of ceramic tiles
It is customary to choose the color of the tile depending on the chosen color of the walls and the kitchen set. It is desirable to stick to the middle between the color of walls and kitchen furniture.
Here are the basic tips when choosing a color tile, if the headset has this color:
- If your headset is white, then you can put a scarf of almost any color, but still consider what white color is referred to as cold. If the white kitchen has a blue hue, then the floor should be selected in a similar range. To white kitchen of a milk shade it is better to put terracotta or brown tile.
- With blue kitchen furniture, white tiles with blue or blue inserts will ideally be combined. Also, a monochrome blue color and a sand color with a light orange color are suitable.
- Yellow, coffee, as well as light brown tiles will look good against the background of the green kitchen set.
- For furniture of burgundy tones choose a tile of gray, beige and vanilla colors.
- It is more difficult with the wood of wood color as here it is necessary to take into account its appearance, namely color and texture. If the furniture clearly discerns annual rings, it is desirable to purchase a one-color tile without a pattern. Also, do not put a tile imitating a tree, because this will create a "conflict" of colors.
- It is desirable to revive the gray kitchen with bright colors such as: red, orange, yellow. Or, the ornament is suitable for diluting the monotony of a gray hue.
- The kitchen set of yellow color, on the contrary it is required to shade somewhat calm colors. For this perfectly fit black, gray and turquoise colors. But also pay attention to the tile in brown, olive and terracotta tones.
At first glance, there is nothing difficult in installing the tiles on the floor, however, if you look more closely, that is, a large number of nuances that should be taken into account before laying.
It is very important to take into account the coating on which the tile will be laid and the degree of its preparation. Align the floor with a cement screed. The surface must be thoroughly cleaned, all cracks densely embedded with a special solution.
After that, using a grinder, level the cement influx and allow the screed to dry. Next, the floor should be primed, and do not forget about the waterproofing of the surface.
And this is only a preparatory stage, followed by no less complicated preparation of the base for tiling and laying the tile itself with the use of floor marking and different laying techniques.
In order not to encounter difficulties with its installation, it is better to invite professionals at once, which will ultimately save your money.
There are still some "secrets" that should be considered when laying tiles. To prevent tile pollution, it is worth choosing a dark granular or opaque surface with an ornament. On a glossy monophonic tile, it will be easier to notice the chip, which will not add to it presentability.
To visually divide the kitchen into zones, lay the tile, creating a single pattern. A simple drawing will make the kitchen bigger, a complex one, on the contrary, will create the impression of a small kitchen size.
Do not underestimate the effect of choosing the color of grouting joints. The more contrasted the grouting, the more attention will be focused on the floor and the drawing on it. If you want to avoid unnecessary gaze on the floor and are going to use it only as a background, then the grout should be in tone to the color of the tile.
And the last secret: on the dark grout the pollution is not as visible as light, which will create the effect of a cleaner floor.
Following the above tips, choose a ceramic tile on the floor in the kitchen and enjoy your choice every day.
Tile for kitchen on the floor (real photo)