Small brown, black or white bugs in the kitchen are set up very simply - they can be brought from the store together with a pack of oatmeal, rice, flour, gallet or dried fruit. Infected with larvae, the product in the warmth of kitchen cabinets quickly becomes a hotbed of insects in all other products. And if you do not get them out in time, you can soon detect pests even in empty pans, and then completely on the walls and curtains. In this material, you will find photos of the beetles of the most common species (namely Surinamese thistle, bread grinder, flour beetle and weevil), as well as instructions on how to deal with them and what to do in order to avoid reappearance.
4 steps to get rid of pests
Step 1. Review and discard all contaminated products
Identification of all foci and potentially contaminated products, and most importantly getting rid of them - an indispensable condition for the successful fight against insects in the kitchen.
- The hearth can be anything - not just cereals and flour, but also nuts, spices, cookies, animal feed, fishing baits, dried flowers.
- If you saw a beetle somewhere on a shelf, apron, facade or countertop, then most likely the hearth is located somewhere very close, but ... not necessarily.
- Check and not unpacked products, beetles can easily gnaw through cardboard, foil and cellophane.
- It is necessary to inspect products for pests not only from above, but also to the full depth. For example, some bugs in the groats (eg, bread grinders) can "live" on the very bottom.
Keep in mind that if at least one insect is found in the product, it means that it is infected with larvae and is subject to disposal. However, if you want, you can peel the cereals from adults, sift well and go through it, and then do all that is described in the next step.
Step 2. Process products that seem to you uninfected
It is clear that the product in which the insects have settled should be discarded. But what about if the bugs in flour or cereal did not show up? Nevertheless, it is better and easier to get rid of supplies, because everything that was in one kitchen cupboard with a hearth may already be infected. However, you can save products in the following ways:
- Pour the rump / flour on a baking sheet and put it on for 40-60 minutes in a preheated oven to 50 degrees.
- Put the products on the balcony (in the winter) for 3-4 days or "freeze" in the freezer for 3-4 days.
Step 3. Clean the shelves and jars
Now you should thoroughly clean the empty kitchen cabinet and its surroundings, paying special attention to cracks and corners.
- Use a vacuum cleaner that will tighten the bugs hidden in the slots, their larvae and excrement. After this procedure, the bag for the vacuum cleaner should be thrown out or, after emptying it, "freeze" for 3-4 days to prevent re-infection.
- Do not use detergents, bleach, ammonia or chlorine-containing cleaning agents. They will not have any effect on kitchen pests.
- Do not forget to wash, and also to process a cold or heat container in which the spoiled groats were stored.
Vacuum cleaner should be enough to remove all traces of stay of beetles, but it is also recommended to wipe the shelf with laundry soap and then vinegar diluted in water.
Step 4. Protect products from re-infection
As a precaution against re-infection, you need:
- Store cereals, flour, pasta, biscuits, dried fruits, spices and animal feeds, etc. in tightly closed glass, metal or heavy plastic jars / containers. This will prevent not only the entry of insects into the container, but also their escape and spread.
- Another reliable way to store food is in the refrigerator or freezer.
To strengthen the protection of products from bugs, put in a jar or container on top of cereals or any other product:
- A pair of cloves of garlic, peeled from the husks (the top of garlic is not necessary to cut);
- Bay leaf;
- A couple of things, mint chewing gum;
- Nail or steel wire. Keep in mind that they can not be washed, otherwise the metal will rust and spoil the food. Dry cleaning with a rag will suffice.
Bay leaf for protection of flour from insects
By the way, all these "scares" can be expanded on the shelves.
And a little more about prevention
The following tips can be helpful:
- Buy food in small amounts to use them in no more than 2-4 months. Try not to store food longer than this time.
- Use products from older packages (or open) previously freshly bought / closed.
- When buying packaged foods, check the integrity of the packaging and, if possible, the presence of insects.
- Remember that cardboard, foil, paper or plastic bags will not prevent the reproduction of insects.
- Keep food storage places clean and do not allow crumbs or food particles to accumulate, as stale food will attract insects. Cleanliness is especially important in places where animal feed is stored.
If the bugs in the kitchen appear again, check the other rooms in the apartment for the presence of foci of reproduction and repeat the described steps. If the problem of insects does not pass in any way, ask for help from professionals to combat domestic pests.
Getting acquainted with the enemy in person
And now we suggest to get acquainted with the inhabitants of your kitchen closer. Here we have collected photos of the 4 most common types of beetles and links to Wikipedia articles about their features and favorite food.
Below is a photo of Surinamese thistle (Latin name of the mikoyoda: Oryzaephilus surinamensis). Surinamese thistles are difficult to confuse with someone because of its sawtooth torso.
Next - a photo of the Floury Khrushchak or Flour Beetle (Latin name: Tenebrio molitor). By the way, the flour worms are the larvae of the flour meal.
The following photo shows the Bread Grinder, Kozheed, or the Pharmacy Beetle in a company like itself (the Latin name of the grinder: Stegobium paniceum).
And finally, a photo of rice weevils or elephants.