A kitchen apron is an important element that performs not only an aesthetic role, but also reliably protects the wall from external adverse effects. This means that its arrangement should be taken with all seriousness.
To finish this work area you need to pick up a quality material that can withstand dust, moisture, hot steam, dirt. He should also wash easily and not lose his external characteristics over time.A bright apron, a small bright and cozy kitchen.
With this task, ceramic tiles are doing quite well, which can already be called a classic version of the walls. To make the apron of tiles last a long time, it is necessary not only to be able to choose a quality material, but also to place it competently on the surface of the working area.
Why does the tile fit the kitchen apron?
The tile is considered one of the most reliable materials for covering floors and walls. It is resistant to dirt and easily laundered, so tiles are often preferred when decorating rooms with high humidity.With the help of tiles, you can create a variety of effects, for example, allocate a zone.
For the manufacture of ceramic tiles, manufacturers use a mixture of sand, several types of clays and minerals. All this is carefully pressed, after which it is fired, then covered with enamel and burned again.
This material has a relatively low weight and has high strength and resistance to mechanical damage.
The tile has many advantages:
- resistance to temperature changes - a fire-resistant non-flammable material that withstands the highest temperatures and retains its external decorative characteristics;
- water resistance - the level of water absorption by the tile is very low, therefore this material never swells and does not warp, its color and shape always remain the same;
- inertness to chemical reagents - the tile is not afraid of alkali and acid, so when you take care of it you can use any household chemical products;
- smooth surface in high density - microbes do not multiply on it and foreign substances are not absorbed;
- durability - the tile can last many years, remaining the same as the day of purchase;
- ease of care - To keep the tiled apron in perfect cleanliness, it is enough to wipe it periodically with a damp sponge.
What kind of tile for finishing the kitchen apron is worth picking up
Classic tiles - a traditional material that is unlikely to go out of fashion. After many years, the apron, decorated with such a tile, looks all the same as relevant and respectable. This material is more suitable for people who do not plan to change the interiors too often and start another repair.The classic version of the finish with ceramic tiles is one of the best and practical options.
Tile 10x10 - a fairly popular option, and easy to install. Installation of this tile is carried out with a slight pruning. Thanks to small elements, this material is great for arranging cramped cuisines.The advantage of such a tile - it is easily installed in the most inaccessible places.
In addition, it has the feature of visually increasing and slightly expanding the space. To achieve this effect, designers are advised to choose a finishing material of light tones or white.
Tile - Mosaic - this material is characterized by such qualities as versatility. It organically and stylishly looks in the finish of the apron, while being strong and durable, withstands the loads stably.Using mosaic, you can create the most unthinkable patterns.
To clean the mosaic, special compounds are not needed - it is carried out with the help of ordinary household products, since this material is not exposed to aggressive chemical compounds.
Tile with diamond - as you can understand from the title, the material has a diamond-shaped shape. It is matte or glossy, often produced with decorative ornaments and even gilding, in the modern market is presented in a vast range of colors.
Often a diamond-shaped tile is chosen by designers for finishing the working surfaces in classical interiors. The tile of this form looks respectable and elegant.Laying tiles with a diamond look original.
Tiles "pylon" - this finishing material with a funny name is a small ceramic tile, in its form resembling a brick. Most often in the decoration of aprons and other surfaces a slightly convex "hog" with characteristic bevelled edges from four edges is used.The tile "boar" in any style will look harmonious.
It looks such a tile is very worthy, in addition, it has an affordable price. To date, you can buy a tile "boar", made in a variety of shades.
Tip: Owners of small kitchens should choose a smaller tile for finishing the work area - apron. The more spacious and larger the room, the larger can be used ceramic tiles.
Methods of laying ceramic tiles in the arrangement of an apron
There are different methods of laying ceramic tiles in the arrangement of the kitchen apron. And only the color of the material or its shape is important - the way of placing the elements is also of great importance when decorating the kitchen.
The most elementary way, which even novices can take advantage of - Laying tiles on the wall surface in one row. A similar method should be used when installing monophonic tiles, tiles with patterns, or tiles with a picture applied to its surface.Classical kitchen with tiling in one row.
Diagonal laying - most often this method of installation is preferred when installing a patterned tile. It is also suitable for laying tiles when combining it with mirror fragments.Modern home kitchen with diagonal tiling.
Such a design solution looks very attractive, in addition, it helps to visually expand and fill with light a small room of the kitchen. The only drawback is the need to constantly cut material, which will require quite a lot.
Installation of tiles with offset (performed in the form of imitation of brickwork) - This method of installation implies the use of tile "boar" in the arrangement of the apron. If desired, the most traditional square tile can also be laid in a similar way. As for the shades of the material, they can be any.The variant with offset is relevant for the design of an apron for brick and tiles of the same color.
Building materials and tools used for laying tiles on an apron
To qualitatively lay out the tile and equip a really attractive and good apron, some special devices will be needed:
- puncher - with its help it is necessary to clean the wall from the old coating;
- set of spatulas - Narrow to type glue, rubber to work with seams, and jagged to distribute the mortar along the wall;
- screwdriver with a mixer - Mix the adhesive composition;
- building levels - to perfectly tile the tile;
- several buckets - for glue and water;
- bar from abrasive, nippers and tile cutters - for tile cutting and its correction;
- crosses with pegs - necessary for setting the required thickness of the seam;
- rubber kitten - it is necessary to check the tightness of the apron;
- Ruler and pencil - for marking;
- cord - for smooth installation of tiles.
What preparatory work is needed before equipping the apron
Once all the necessary inventory and materials have been prepared, you can proceed with careful preparation of the working surface itself. To do this, completely remove all available cover from the wall.
Избавиться от старой плитки можно с помощью puncherа. Нужно сделать все таким образом, чтобы остался лишь штукатурный слой.
Then it will be necessary to check the density of its adherence - if it is found that some elements exfoliate, they will have to be removed and immediately correct the irregularities.
It is also necessary to check the evenness of the wall, and if the tile will go to another corner - then evenness of the angle should also be checked. To make the glue solution tightly grip the surface, it is recommended to make small incisions along the whole wall.
Tip: It is possible that on the old wall were found mold or fungus - then it will have to be carefully treated with a special composition with anti-corrosion properties.
Stages of all works on the installation of tiles
Layout of walls - To do it, you need a building level. With his help, you should draw a line along the wall (exactly in the place where the first row of the apron is installed). The first row of tiles must be laid on the bar attached to the wall.
From it, with the help of the same level, vertical lines are drawn for the smooth laying of tiles. In the course of the work, you will have to make sure that the tiles lie perfectly flat.
Preparation of glue - Special glue can be purchased at the building store. It is mixed in a prepared bucket with water, while the proportions indicated on the package should be observed. The prepared substance should not be liquid, but rather viscous.
Application of tile adhesive - For a high-quality smearing on the wall of the prepared composition a notched trowel is used. With the help of teeth, grooves are left on the surface of the glue, because of which the glue under the tile will be much smaller than if the composition were simply smeared with an even continuous layer. This means that when the tile is leveled, there will be less excess adhesive solution along its sides.
Laying the first row of tiles - The process depends on the size of the tile used. For example, when installing a 10x10 tile, it's worth laying it out from the corner. Initially, it is necessary to estimate which of the angles will be most imperceptible.
To maintain the distance between the tile on the apron, you should use the plastic crosses of the appropriate size that are sold in the building materials store. Such crosses can be stacked one at a time for every four tiles, however, once the glue has completely dried, it will be difficult to remove them without difficulty.
There is another way to install such crosses. They are located sideways, so that only one end of the cross crosses the tile.
Wall apron arrangements - on the first row, in accordance with the vertical lines, the subsequent rows of tiles are laid. At the same time, it is necessary to provide all available sockets and make suitable holes for them. Trimming tiles should be carried out after careful measurements.
Tip: Nothing can be done "by sight", it is necessary to use the appropriate tools. It is best to place the sockets in convenient places, then on the tile it will be possible to do only small cuts, and not cut holes.
Grout - The grout itself should also be bought in the building materials store. To clean the seams, you can use any sponge (perfectly suited for washing the car). The main tool will be a rubber spatula - it does not scratch the top glossy layer of tile.
A spatula smaller than the size required for processing all internal corners. It is important to remember that the remnants of grout must be removed from the tile very quickly, the whole process should take no more than 20 minutes.
Otherwise, the cement grout will immediately harden and remove it will be difficult. The final stage of the work is cleaning the tile from the stains and other traces of grout and glue.
Master class on laying tiles on kitchen apron (video)
Important nuances and subtleties of work
You need to remember a few important tips that will help achieve great results when laying the tiles in place of the apron. Not all tiles are equally practical, so if you do not want to spend your time on the constant care of a ceramic apron, you should avoid tiling with a convex and texture relief, since it will often have to be wiped off from soiling.Ceramic tiles are the most reliable and therefore the most popular material for finishing the kitchen.
Buying a tile for the future apron, you should provide a margin - no more than 15%. This is necessary in case the tile accidentally breaks, or will be unevenly clipped.
Do not choose the kitchen is too dark or vice versa - an excessively light tile. It is better to use a tile of light or dark, but not too deep tones. Designers are advised to buy all the tiles from one batch, in which case the material will not differ in shade.
Kitchen apron of tiles (real photo)