If the area of your kitchen does not exceed 6 sq.m. m, then you are the owner of the so-called kitchen in Khrushchev. Such premises were built during the reign of Comrade Khrushchev. Kitchens of this type do not have a good design and a large area, their main purpose is cooking food.
Further in the article we will consider what measures need to be taken to increase the area in the kitchen and make it as convenient as possible.
Which kitchen set to choose?
For the kitchen in Khrushchev, the following types of kitchen layout are appropriate.
Linear Layout, called single-row, will perfectly fit into a small area, since it implies the arrangement of equipment and cabinets along one of the walls. Suitable for a family of several people.
A lot of home appliances will not fit in this kind of planning, so it's preferable to choose built-in options. The refrigerator should be written in a row, but this is not always possible.
Opposite to the arrangement, if there is enough space, they have a dining area. Otherwise, it should be moved to the living room.
L-shaped, also called angular. Usually, furniture and equipment are placed along the wall with a window and a wall adjacent to it. This option will successfully use the corner of the room.
It is customary to equip a sink, under which is located a floor cabinet of straight or beveled geometry. Angular layout is convenient for housewives, as it reduces unnecessary movement around the kitchen. Good for a square kitchen.
U-shaped layout - not a very good solution for the kitchen in Khrushchev, as the suite will occupy three adjacent walls. The kitchen because of this arrangement will look cramped and there will be no free space for the dining table.
Which materials are better to use?
For the facade and furniture, smooth, light materials are chosen with the gloss effect to visually enlarge the small area. It should be taken into account that the close location of the working area will be prone to frequent contamination.
Materials that are resistant to aggressive influences and temperature differences will come to the rescue. This can be a table top made of natural or artificial stone. More budgetary option - covered with strong MDF plastic.
For a minimalist style in the kitchen, materials such as glass and metal surfaces are appropriate, which perfectly emphasize the chosen design and do not weight the interior composition.
Glass doors can be made on the facade, or a countertop. The details of the chrome-plated metal will perfectly fit into this design.
Light natural wood will look noble and luxurious, but the cost of such a headset is quite high and caring for it will require a lot of effort.
If there is a desire to make a presentable design, you need to use veneered MDF, imitating natural wood. The price is more affordable, and aesthetic qualities will please owners.
For the organization of the dining area you can use a light material of transparent, translucent plastic. This will give airiness and will not clutter a small room with heavy volumetric details.
In the height of the cabinets should be long, you can enter the options up to the ceiling. Such long accents in the kitchen visually lengthen the walls. They will fit all the necessary things.
On the highest shelves place accessories that are rarely used, for example, festive dishes or a mixer. But lower it is possible to place something that should be on hand daily.
What style of interior is best for you
In this case, the simpler the chosen style, the more appropriate it is for a small space. Excellent cope with the task of minimalism. It does not have a lot of decor, uses a minimum of color, a clear geometry has not blurred boundaries.
Having designed the kitchen in the style of hi-tech, you can get a stylish, fashionable interior in a compact room. The abundance of glass and metal in combination with smooth lines and strict symmetry will make every detail important and get rid of the unwieldiness.
Classics will be appropriate only if you use light colors in the design, for example, a natural tree of light color. It is necessary to abandon unnecessary decorations, especially stucco moldings on the ceiling, walls.
Style Provence, characterized by a huge number of decorations, decorations, drawings on the wallpaper, will make the kitchen visually even smaller, so it is better to abandon it.
Optimum color solution
A small kitchen involves the use of light palettes, calm, unobtrusive tone. Pastel and light shades are recommended for a small area to visually create a spacious effect and expand the walls.
The light kitchen will seem more spacious and light, it will always be comfortable and cozy to prepare food and dinner.
Important! In no case should you choose dark saturated colors that eat up space, make it concise and reduced. Otherwise, the repair will look depressing and dull.
Consider what popular color solutions are relevant for small kitchens.
White color looks elegant and neat, but quite impractical in the process of operation. Neutral tone blurs the boundaries of space, so it will look bigger. You can choose a white facade, home appliances, table top, ceiling finish.
Sex is better done darker. Monochrome white kitchen in the white version can look boring, so the color should be diluted with one or two concomitant. It can be black, gray, blue, green or yellow.
Beige in the kitchen creates a lot of comfort, tranquility and warmth. It will be relevant for most styles of design, especially for classics. Beige is in good harmony with other shades, allowing to perform a beautiful color composition. The set is suitable for beige wood. The table top can be either white or in the color of stone or wood.
Varied beige shades in the kitchen is quite possible bright apron over the working area. Bright inserts of purple, red, orange will give the kitchen the original accents, but the chosen tone should be applied in other places of the room.
Blue Gamma for the kitchen creates a cool, spacious atmosphere. Especially it is important in rooms where the summer is too hot. The color of the companion is suitable for green, white, light gray. Avoid large decor and excessive decoration.
Light green with a yellow podton. This combination looks fresh, bright and not boring. Allows you to transform a small room and make it visually lighter. The facade of the kitchen can be combined with a bright yellow apron, decorated with beautiful images of flowers and fruits. The use of vertical lines with different widths is welcomed on the finishing of walls.
Ideas for kitchen design in Khrushchev
As already mentioned above, the main purpose of a small kitchen in Khrushchev is cooking food. Therefore, the dining table can be taken to another room with a large area, and in the kitchen leave only the working surfaces (stove, microwave, mixer, blender, multivarka).
The existing balcony or loggia can also be used, and will help to increase the useful area. On the balcony you can install the same refrigerator, hob, and the window sill between the balcony and the kitchen can turn into a cutting surface or a lunch table.
If you still decide to leave the dining table in the kitchen, it is better if it is round or oval in shape. You can also buy a horizontal refrigerator, thus it can serve not only as a storage place for food, but also as a kitchen table.
Doors can be removed if there is a good hood. Or replace the retractable or the door-accordion. If there is still a possibility to remove the door, then the arched opening will significantly increase the feeling of greater space.
Above the windowsill, if desired, you can install the holders under the glasses, which will also save the space of cabinets.
Curtains for the kitchen should choose light colors. Roman blinds or blinds are quite suitable for interior kitchen in Khrushchev.
Often, these kitchens use transformable furniture. For example, a dining table, or pull-out sections. This is very convenient because they can always be removed as unnecessary.
The chandelier is better to have a big story, and to glue on the ceiling light wallpaper or paint it in white.
The walls and furniture are light, sustained in one key. Such a design will make the kitchen light and spacious.
The color design of small kitchens should not be based on contrasting transitions, nor does it tolerate large drawings on the walls. Gentle tones, if possible, use more glossy and mirrored surfaces that will visually expand the space, and bright elements of the decor will revitalize and energize the kitchen.
The effect of "expanding space" can give a kitchen apron made of a mirror.
A metal bar mounted on the wall by special holders, called rails, will facilitate the convenience of placing kitchen utensils, which should always be in the area of quick accessibility and saves space in the cabinet. A useful device is installed anywhere on the wall.
Open shelves on the walls are a practical and versatile storage system. If they are included in the interior, the space on the floor is considerably saved. Among the advantages of hinged shelves, there are points such as a good overview of things, there will not be free space for opening doors and such accessories are simply created for small kitchens.
Storage Cabinets посуды и кухонных принадлежностей должны быть выше, вмещать большее количество полок, чтобы создавалось больше полезного пространства. Высокие неширокие ящики делают пространство более легким, не загроможденным. Открытые полки это дополнительная возможность разместить аксессуары.
Make sure that the doors open horizontally, without occupying the area when opening. Remember, the kitchen in Khrushchev dictates the rule for cabinets - better already and higher, the wider and lower.
The cooking surface for a small kitchen can be replaced with a small one, with 2 burners.
A bulky refrigerator is compactly built into existing niches or a cabinet, without hiding so much valuable space.
Simplify the process of cleaning vegetables and fruits, a sliding board with a special hole, into which it is easy to sweep out debris. It does not take much space, will accelerate working moments, will support hygiene.
Creative looks in the kitchen such an adaptation, as a magnetic holder for knives. On the body of the bracket, mounted on the wall, you can magnetize the knives, which will always be at hand and will not rust.
For a small family, instead of a full-fledged table, a modern bar is advisable. It will create a creative, stylish interior, emphasize an interesting design and will be the highlight of your kitchen. On it you can quickly have a snack, drink a cup of coffee in the morning or arrange a buffet with friends.
An interesting idea for the compactness of the dining area is to extend the window sill, turning it into a countertop. By engaging in the work of the window sill, you will save space for other pieces of furniture. In a small room, you can make a sliding system, allowing you to lay out the table only as needed.
Owners of small kitchens probably face the problem of unpleasant odors that accumulate during cooking and spread throughout the apartment. To avoid this, it is recommended not to save on the hood, but to purchase a good model with a large capacity.
What is not recommended to do in the kitchen in Khrushchev
Initially, pay attention to the entrance area. If the doors open inwards, this is not a very good option. In this case, you need to change the opening in the opposite direction, or completely dispense with the door, having issued the original arch.
The refrigerator should not be placed near the hob, as it will be exposed to heat.
When choosing an apron over the working area, do not choose a monochrome image or color, otherwise any drop of water or fat will immediately catch your eye.
In the decoration of the walls, try to avoid the presence of large bright patterns and patterns contrasting with the general background. Too small images also do not look harmonious. It is best to choose the average size or vertical geometry.
Unsuccessful solution will be cluttered space, so you need to get rid of all the superfluous, not carrying a functional load and minimally use all sorts of decor.
In order to increase the space in the kitchen, the wall between the kitchen and the living room is removed. The truth for this is to obtain permission in special organs. In the end, you get one large room, where the kitchen will be a place for cooking, and you can put a dining table in the living room.
Separate the space between the kitchen and the living room can be a bar counter, or make the floors of different cover. But it's worth it for yourself to decide before deciding on re-planning, whether you can sleep next to the fridge and hob. It will also require a good hood so that the smell of cooking does not stretch all over the apartment.
Important! Before you start repairs in the kitchen and remove the load-bearing wall or partition between rooms, you need to get a special permit. And it's even better to entrust this to specialists who will write a permission and remove the wall.
Kitchen in Khrushchev photo
If you are a kitchen owner in Khrushchev or just a small kitchen, you might be interested in seeing our photo gallery in which 200+ photos of the original ideas for arranging the kitchen in Khrushchev's are presented. And also a photo gallery where 320+ photos of examples from professional designers are presented.